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Canon XTi vs Leica D-LUX 5

The Canon EOS Rebel XTi (called Canon 400D in some regions) and the Leica D-LUX 5 are two digital cameras that were revealed to the public, respectively, in August 2006 and September 2010. The XTi is a DSLR, while the D-LUX 5 is a fixed lens compact. The cameras are based on an APS-C (XTi) and a 1/1.7-inch (D-LUX 5) sensor. The Canon has a resolution of 10.1 megapixels, whereas the Leica provides 10 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Canon XTi   VS Leica D-LUX 5
Canon XTi Leica D-LUX 5
Digital single lens reflex Fixed lens compact camera
Canon EF mount lenses 24-90mm f/2.0-3.3
10.1 MP, APS-C Sensor 10 MP, 1/1.7" Sensor
no Video 720/60p Video
ISO 100-1600 ISO 80-3200 (80-12800)
Optical viewfinder Viewfinder optional
2.5" LCD, 230k dots 3.0" LCD, 460k dots
Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive) Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive)
3 shutter flaps per second 2.5 shutter flaps per second
370 shots per battery charge400 shots per battery charge
127 x 84 x 65 mm, 556 g 110 x 65 x 43 mm, 271 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Canon EOS Rebel XTi and the Leica D-LUX 5? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The physical size and weight of the Canon XTi and the Leica D-LUX 5 are illustrated in the side-by-side display below. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three successive views from the front, the top, and the rear are shown. All width, height and depth measures are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

Size Canon XTi vs Leica D-LUX 5
Compare XTi versus D-LUX 5 top
Comparison XTi or D-LUX 5 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Leica D-LUX 5 is considerably smaller (33 percent) than the Canon XTi. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the XTi nor the D-LUX 5 are weather-sealed.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete and possibly misleading, as the D-LUX 5 has a lens built in, whereas the XTi is an interchangeable lens camera that requires a separate lens. Attaching the latter will add extra weight and bulk to the setup. You can compare the optics available for the XTi and their specifications in the Canon EF Lens Catalog.

Concerning battery life, the XTi gets 370 shots out of its NB-2LH battery, while the D-LUX 5 can take 400 images on a single charge of its BP-DC10 power pack.

The following table provides a synthesis of the main physical specifications of the two cameras and other similar ones. If you want to switch the focus of the display and review another camera pair, just select a new right or left comparator from among the camera models in the table. Alternatively, you can also move across to the CAM-parator tool and choose from the broad selection of possible camera comparisons there.

Camera Body Specifications
  Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
(CIPA)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Canon XTi» 5.0 in 3.3 in 2.6 in 19.6 oz 370 n Aug 2006 799iCanon XTi
 
Leica D-LUX 5« 4.3 in 2.6 in 1.7 in 9.6 oz 400 n Sep 2010 699iLeica D-LUX 5
 
Canon T6i« » 5.2 in 4.0 in 3.1 in 19.6 oz 440 n Feb 2015 749iCanon T6i
 
Canon T6s« » 5.2 in 4.0 in 3.1 in 19.9 oz 440 n Feb 2015 649iCanon T6s
 
Canon T4i« » 5.2 in 3.9 in 3.1 in 20.3 oz 440 n Jun 2012 849iCanon T4i
 
Canon T3« » 5.1 in 3.9 in 3.1 in 17.5 oz 700 n Feb 2011 449iCanon T3
 
Canon T2i« » 5.1 in 3.9 in 2.4 in 18.7 oz 440 n Feb 2010 699iCanon T2i
 
Canon T1i« » 5.1 in 3.9 in 2.4 in 18.3 oz 400 n Mar 2009 799iCanon T1i
 
Canon XSi« » 5.1 in 3.9 in 2.4 in 18.5 oz 500 n Jan 2008 799iCanon XSi
 
Canon 40D« » 5.7 in 4.3 in 2.9 in 29.0 oz 750 n Aug 2007 1,299iCanon 40D
 
Canon XT« » 5.0 in 3.7 in 2.5 in 19.0 oz 400 n Feb 2005 899iCanon XT
 
Canon Rebel« » 5.6 in 3.9 in 2.8 in 22.9 oz 400 n Aug 2003 899iCanon Rebel
 
Fujifilm X10« » 4.6 in 2.8 in 2.2 in 12.3 oz 270 n Sep 2011 599iFujifilm X10
 
Leica D-LUX 6« » 4.4 in 2.7 in 1.8 in 10.5 oz 330 n Sep 2012 699iLeica D-LUX 6
 
Leica V-LUX 3« » 4.9 in 3.2 in 3.7 in 19.0 oz 410 n Dec 2011 949iLeica V-LUX 3
 
Leica X1« » 4.9 in 2.4 in 1.3 in 10.8 oz 260 n Sep 2009 1,995iLeica X1
 
Panasonic LX5« » 4.3 in 2.6 in 1.7 in 9.6 oz 400 n Jul 2010 499iPanasonic LX5
Note: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will naturally be influenced heavily by the price. The manufacturer’s suggested retail prices give an idea on the placement of the camera in the maker’s lineup and the broader market. The D-LUX 5 was launched at a lower price than the XTi, despite having a lens built in. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

 

Sensor comparison

The size of the sensor inside a digital camera is one of the key determinants of image quality. A large sensor will generally have larger individual pixels that offer better low-light sensitivity, provide wider dynamic range, and have richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Further, a large sensor camera will give the photographer additional creative options when using shallow depth-of-field to isolate a subject from its background. On the downside, larger sensors are more costly to manufacture and tend to lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Canon XTi features an APS-C sensor and the Leica D-LUX 5 a 1/1.7-inch sensor. The sensor area in the D-LUX 5 is 86 percent smaller. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 1.6 and 4.4. The sensor in the XTi has a native 3:2 aspect ratio, while the one in the D-LUX 5 offers a 4:3 aspect. The D-LUX 5 has the particularity of featuring a switch that allows to toggle between multiple aspect ratios, while maintaining the same field of view and full image resolution.

Canon XTi and Leica D-LUX 5 sensor measures

With 10.1MP, the XTi offers a slightly higher resolution than the D-LUX 5 (10MP), but the XTi nevertheless has larger individual pixels (pixel pitch of 5.71μm versus 2.14μm for the D-LUX 5) due to its larger sensor. However, the D-LUX 5 is a much more recent model (by 4 years) than the XTi, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that further enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixels.

The Canon EOS Rebel XTi has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 1600. The corresponding ISO settings for the Leica D-LUX 5 are ISO 80 to ISO 3200, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 80-12800.

XTi versus D-LUX 5 MP

Since 2007, DXO Mark has published sensor performance measurements that have been derived using a consistent methodology. This service assesses and scores the color depth ("DXO Portrait"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports") of camera sensors, and also publishes an overall camera score. The adjacent table reports on the physical sensor characteristics and the outcomes of the DXO sensor quality tests for a sample of comparator-cameras.

Sensor Characteristics
  Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
Camera
Model
 
Canon XTi APS-C 10.1 3888 2592none22.111.066462Canon XTi
 
Leica D-LUX 5 1/1.7 10.0 3648 2736720/60p........Leica D-LUX 5
 
Canon T6i APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p22.712.091971Canon T6i
 
Canon T6s APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p22.612.091570Canon T6s
 
Canon T4i APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.711.272262Canon T4i
 
Canon T3 APS-C 12.2 4272 2848720/30p21.911.075562Canon T3
 
Canon T2i APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p22.111.578466Canon T2i
 
Canon T1i APS-C 15.1 4752 31681080/20p21.711.566363Canon T1i
 
Canon XSi APS-C 12.2 4272 2848none21.910.869261Canon XSi
 
Canon 40D APS-C 10.1 3888 2592none22.111.370364Canon 40D
 
Canon XT APS-C 8.0 3456 2304none21.810.863760Canon XT
 
Canon Rebel APS-C 6.3 3072 2048none21.010.854455Canon Rebel
 
Fujifilm X10 2/3 12.0 4000 30001080/30p20.511.324550Fujifilm X10
 
Leica D-LUX 6 1/1.7 10.0 3648 27361080/60p........Leica D-LUX 6
 
Leica V-LUX 3 1/2.3 12.0 4000 30001080/60p........Leica V-LUX 3
 
Leica X1 APS-C 12.2 4272 2856none........Leica X1
 
Panasonic LX5 1/1.7 10.0 3648 2736720/60p19.610.813241Panasonic LX5

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but also of capturing video footage. The D-LUX 5 indeed provides for movie recording, while the XTi does not. The highest resolution format that the D-LUX 5 can use is 720/60p.

 

Feature comparison

Beyond body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. For example, the XTi has an optical viewfinder, which can be very useful when shooting in bright sunlight. In contrast, the D-LUX 5 relies on live view and the rear LCD for framing. That said, the D-LUX 5 can be equipped with an optional viewfinder – the EVF1. The table below summarizes some of the other core capabilities of the Canon XTi and Leica D-LUX 5 in connection with corresponding information for a sample of similar cameras.

Core Features
  Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
('000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
Camera
Model
 
Canon XTioptical n 2.5 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n Canon XTi
 
Leica D-LUX 5optional n 3.0 460 fixed n 1/4000s 2.5 Y Y Leica D-LUX 5
 
Canon T6ioptical n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n Canon T6i
 
Canon T6soptical Y 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n Canon T6s
 
Canon T4ioptical n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n Canon T4i
 
Canon T3optical n 2.7 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n Canon T3
 
Canon T2ioptical n 3.0 1040 fixed n 1/4000s 3.7 Y n Canon T2i
 
Canon T1ioptical n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.4 Y n Canon T1i
 
Canon XSioptical n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.5 Y n Canon XSi
 
Canon 40Doptical Y 3.0 230 fixed n 1/8000s 6.5 Y n Canon 40D
 
Canon XToptical n 1.8 115 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n Canon XT
 
Canon Rebeloptical n 1.8 118 fixed n 1/4000s 2.5 Y n Canon Rebel
 
Fujifilm X10optical n 2.8 460 fixed n 1/4000s 10.0 Y Y Fujifilm X10
 
Leica D-LUX 6optional n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 11.0 Y Y Leica D-LUX 6
 
Leica V-LUX 3202 n 3.0 460 swivel n 1/2000s 12.0 Y Y Leica V-LUX 3
 
Leica X1none n 2.7 230 fixed n 1/2000s 3.0 Y n Leica X1
 
Panasonic LX5optional n 3.0 460 fixed n 1/4000s 2.5 Y Y Panasonic LX5

The XTi writes its imaging data to Compact Flash cards, while the D-LUX 5 uses SDXC cards.

 

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Canon EOS Rebel XTi and Leica D-LUX 5 and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

Input-Output Connections
  Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
Camera
Model
 
Canon XTiYnonenone--none2.0---Canon XTi
 
Leica D-LUX 5Ymonomono--mini2.0---Leica D-LUX 5
 
Canon T6iYstereomonoY-mini2.0YY-Canon T6i
 
Canon T6sYstereomonoY-mini2.0YY-Canon T6s
 
Canon T4iYstereomonoY-mini2.0---Canon T4i
 
Canon T3Ystereomono--mini2.0---Canon T3
 
Canon T2iYstereononeY-mini2.0---Canon T2i
 
Canon T1iYmonomono--mini2.0---Canon T1i
 
Canon XSiYnonenone--mini2.0---Canon XSi
 
Canon 40DYnonenone--none2.0---Canon 40D
 
Canon XTYnonenone--none2.0---Canon XT
 
Canon RebelYnonenone--none1.1---Canon Rebel
 
Fujifilm X10Ystereomono--mini2.0---Fujifilm X10
 
Leica D-LUX 6Ystereomono--mini2.0---Leica D-LUX 6
 
Leica V-LUX 3Ystereonone--mini2.0---Leica V-LUX 3
 
Leica X1Ynonenone--mini2.0---Leica X1
 
Panasonic LX5Ymonomono--mini2.0---Panasonic LX5

Both the XTi and the D-LUX 5 have been discontinued, but can regularly be found used on eBay. The XTi was replaced by the Canon Xsi, while the D-LUX 5 was followed by the Leica D-LUX 6. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Canon and Leica websites.

Review summary

So how do things add up? Is there a clear favorite between the Canon XTi and the Leica D-LUX 5? Which camera is better? A synthesis of the relative strong points of each of the models is listed below.

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Advantages of the Canon EOS Rebel XTi:

  • Better image quality: Features bigger pixels on a larger sensor for higher quality imaging.
  • Richer colors: The pixel size advantage translates into images with better, more accurate colors.
  • More dynamic range: Larger pixels capture a wider spectrum of light and dark details.
  • Better low-light sensitivity: Larger pixels means good image quality even under poor lighting.
  • Easier framing: Has an optical viewfinder for image composition and settings control.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (3 vs 2.5 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • More flexible: Can take a variety of interchangeable lenses, including specialty optics.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been available for much longer (launched in August 2006).

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Reasons to prefer the Leica D-LUX 5:

  • Flexible image proportions: Has a multi-aspect sensor that allows for alternative image shapes.
  • Broader imaging potential: Can capture not only stills but also 720/60p video.
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.0" vs 2.5") for image review and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (460k vs 230k dots).
  • Ready to shoot: Comes with an integrated lens, while the XTi requires a separate lens.
  • More compact: Is smaller (110x65mm vs 127x84mm) and will fit more readily into a bag.
  • Less heavy: Has a lower weight even though it has a lens built in (unlike the XTi).
  • Sharper images: Has stabilization technology built-in to reduce the impact of hand-shake.
  • More prestigious: Has the Leica luxury appeal, which ensures a high resale value.
  • More affordable: Was introduced at a lower price, despite coming with a built-in lens.
  • More modern: Reflects 4 years of technical progress since the XTi launch.

If the count of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a measure, the D-LUX 5 emerges as the winner of the match-up (11 : 8 points). However, the relevance of individual strengths will vary across photographers, so that you might want to apply your own weighing scheme to the summary points when reflecting and deciding on a new camera. A professional wildlife photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a family photog, and a person interested in architecture has distinct needs from a sports shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

XTi 08:11 D-LUX 5

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Canon XTi and the Leica D-LUX 5 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best DSLR Camera and Best Travel-Zoom Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the comparison of technical specifications can provide a useful overview of the capabilities of different cameras, it says little about, for example, the shooting experience and imaging performance of the XTi and the D-LUX 5 in practical situations. User reviews that are available, for instance, at amazon can sometimes shed light on these issues, but such feedback is all too often partial, inconsistent, and inaccurate.

Expert reviews

This is where reviews by experts come in. The following table reports the overall ratings of the cameras as published by some of the major camera review sites (cameralabs, dpreview, ephotozine, imaging-resource, and photographyblog). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

Review Scores
  Camera
Model
cam
era
  labs  
dp
re
  view  
e
photo
  zine  
ima
ging
resource
photo
graphy
  blog  
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Canon XTi+ ++ +o4.5/54/5 Aug 2006 799iCanon XTi
 
Leica D-LUX 5....4.5/5..4/5 Sep 2010 699iLeica D-LUX 5
 
Canon T6i..75/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Feb 2015 749iCanon T6i
 
Canon T6s+77/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Feb 2015 649iCanon T6s
 
Canon T4i+ +77/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Jun 2012 849iCanon T4i
 
Canon T380/10069/1004/54/54.5/5 Feb 2011 449iCanon T3
 
Canon T2i+ +77/1004/55/54.5/5 Feb 2010 699iCanon T2i
 
Canon T1i+ +74/1004.5/55/54.5/5 Mar 2009 799iCanon T1i
 
Canon XSi+ ++ +4/55/54.5/5 Jan 2008 799iCanon XSi
 
Canon 40D+ ++ +4.5/5o4.5/5 Aug 2007 1,299iCanon 40D
 
Canon XT80/100+ +oo.. Feb 2005 899iCanon XT
 
Canon Rebel..+ +..o.. Aug 2003 899iCanon Rebel
 
Fujifilm X10..76/1004/53.5/54.5/5 Sep 2011 599iFujifilm X10
 
Leica D-LUX 6....4/5..4/5 Sep 2012 699iLeica D-LUX 6
 
Leica V-LUX 3.......... Dec 2011 949iLeica V-LUX 3
 
Leica X1..+....4/5 Sep 2009 1,995iLeica X1
 
Panasonic LX5+73/1004.5/55/54.5/5 Jul 2010 499iPanasonic LX5
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

The above review scores should be interpreted with care, though. The assessments were made in relation to similar cameras of the same technological generation. Thus, a score needs to be put into the context of the launch date and the launch price of the camera, and comparisons of ratings among very different cameras or across long time periods have little meaning. Also, kindly note that some of the listed sites have over time developped their review approaches and their reporting style.

Canon XTi:
Check Ebay offers
Leica D-LUX 5:
Check Ebay offers

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you would like to check on the differences and similarities of other camera models, just make your choice using the following search menu. There is also a set of direct links to comparison reviews that other users of the CAM-parator app explored.

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    Specifications: Canon XTi vs Leica D-LUX 5

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Canon XTi Leica D-LUX 5
    Camera Type Digital single lens reflex Fixed lens compact camera
    Camera Lens Canon EF mount lenses 24-90mm f/2.0-3.3
    Launch Date August 2006 September 2010
    Launch Price USD 799 USD 699
    Sensor Specs Canon XTi Leica D-LUX 5
    Sensor Technology CMOS CCD
    Sensor Format APS-C Sensor 1/1.7" Sensor
    Sensor Size 22.2 x 14.8 mm 7.85 x 5.89 mm
    Sensor Area 328.56 mm2 46.2365 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 26.7 mm 9.8 mm
    Crop Factor 1.6x 4.4x
    Sensor Resolution 10.1 Megapixels 10 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 3888 x 2592 pixels 3648 x 2736 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 5.71 μm 2.14 μm
    Pixel Density 3.07 MP/cm2 21.59 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability no Video 720/60p Video
    ISO Setting 100-1600 ISO 80-3200 ISO
    ISO Boost no Enhancement 80-12800 ISO
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) 62 ..
    DXO Color Depth (bits) 22.1 ..
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) 11.0 ..
    DXO Low Light (ISO) 664 ..
    Screen Specs Canon XTi Leica D-LUX 5
    Viewfinder Type Optical viewfinder Viewfinder optional
    Viewfinder Field of View 95%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.49x
    LCD Framing Live View
    Rear LCD Size 2.5 inch 3.0 inch
    LCD Resolution 230k dots 460k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Fixed screen
    Shooting Specs Canon XTi Leica D-LUX 5
    Autofocus System Phase-detect AF Contrast-detect AF
    Continuous Shooting 3 shutter flaps/s 2.5 shutter flaps/s
    Fill Flash Build-in Flash Build-in Flash
    Storage Medium CF cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    Connectivity Specs Canon XTi Leica D-LUX 5
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port no HDMI mini HDMI
    Wifi Support no Wifi no Wifi
    Body Specs Canon XTi Leica D-LUX 5
    Battery Type NB-2LH BP-DC10
    Battery Life (CIPA)370 shots per charge400 shots per charge
    Body Dimensions 127 x 84 x 65 mm
    (5.0 x 3.3 x 2.6 in)
    110 x 65 x 43 mm
    (4.3 x 2.6 x 1.7 in)
    Camera Weight 556 g (19.6 oz) 271 g (9.6 oz)

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