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Canon SX510 vs Sony HX90V

The Canon PowerShot SX510 HS and the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX90V are two digital cameras that were announced, respectively, in August 2013 and April 2015. Both the SX510 and the HX90V are fixed lens compact cameras that are equipped with a 1/2.3-inch sensor. The Canon has a resolution of 15.9 megapixels, whereas the Sony provides 18 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Canon SX510 versus Sony HX90V
Canon SX510 Sony HX90V
Fixed lens compact camera Fixed lens compact camera
24-720mm f/3.4-5.8 24-720mm f/3.5-6.4
15.9 MP, 1/2.3" Sensor 18 MP, 1/2.3" Sensor
1080/24p Video 1080/60p Video
ISO 80-3,200 ISO 80-3,200 (80 - 12,800)
No viewfinder, LCD framing Electronic viewfinder (638k dots)
3.0 LCD, 461k dots 3.0 LCD, 921k dots
Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive) Tilting screen (not touch-sensitive)
3.8 shutter flaps per second 10 shutter flaps per second
250 shots per battery charge360 shots per battery charge
104 x 70 x 80 mm, 349 g 102 x 58 x 36 mm, 245 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Canon PowerShot SX510 HS and the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX90V? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The side-by-side display below illustrates the physical size and weight of the Canon SX510 and the Sony HX90V. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three successive views from the front, the top, and the rear are shown. All width, height and depth measures are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

Size Canon SX510 vs Sony HX90V
Compare SX510 versus HX90V top
Comparison SX510 or HX90V rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Sony HX90V is notably smaller (19 percent) than the Canon SX510. Moreover, the HX90V is markedly lighter (30 percent) than the SX510. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the SX510 nor the HX90V are weather-sealed.

Concerning battery life, the SX510 gets 250 shots out of its NB-6LH battery, while the HX90V can take 360 images on a single charge of its NP-BX1 power pack. The power pack in the HX90V can be charged via the USB port, which can be very convenient when travelling.

The adjacent table lists the principal physical characteristics of the two cameras alongside a wider set of alternatives. If you want to switch the focus of the display and review another camera pair, you can move across to the CAM-parator tool and choose from the broad selection of possible camera comparisons there.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon SX510 104 mm 70 mm 80 mm 349 g 250 n Aug 2013 249i
2.
 
Sony HX90V 102 mm 58 mm 36 mm 245 g 360 n Apr 2015 429 i
3.
 
Canon SX430 104 mm 69 mm 85 mm 323 g 195 n Jan 2017 299 i
4.
 
Canon SX420 104 mm 69 mm 85 mm 325 g 195 n Jan 2016 299i
5.
 
Canon SX720 110 mm 64 mm 36 mm 270 g 250 n Feb 2016 379i
6.
 
Canon SX410 104 mm 69 mm 85 mm 325 g 185 n Feb 2015 279i
7.
 
Canon SX520 120 mm 82 mm 92 mm 441 g 210 n Jul 2014 399i
8.
 
Canon SX700 113 mm 66 mm 35 mm 269 g 250 n Feb 2014 349i
9.
 
Canon SX600 104 mm 61 mm 26 mm 188 g 290 n Jan 2014 249i
10.
 
Canon SX400 104 mm 69 mm 80 mm 313 g 190 n Jul 2014 249i
11.
 
Canon SX60 128 mm 93 mm 114 mm 650 g 340 n Sep 2014 549i
12.
 
Canon SX500 104 mm 70 mm 80 mm 341 g 195 n Aug 2012 329i
13.
 
Sony HX99 102 mm 58 mm 36 mm 242 g 370 n Aug 2018 449 i
14.
 
Sony HX95 102 mm 58 mm 36 mm 242 g 370 n Aug 2018 429 i
15.
 
Sony WX800 102 mm 58 mm 36 mm 233 g 370 n Oct 2018 399 i
16.
 
Sony HX400V 130 mm 93 mm 103 mm 660 g 300 n Feb 2014 499 i
17.
 
Sony H200 123 mm 83 mm 87 mm 530 g 240 n Jan 2013 249 i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will naturally be influenced heavily by the price. The listed launch prices provide an indication of the market segment that the manufacturer of the cameras have been targeting. The SX510 was launched at a markedly lower price (by 42 percent) than the HX90V, which puts it into a different market segment. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

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Sensor comparison

The imaging sensor is at the core of digital cameras and its size is one of the main determining factors of image quality. A large sensor will tend to have larger individual pixels that provide better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixel-units in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be associated with larger, more expensive camera bodies and lenses.

Both cameras under consideration feature a 1/2.3-inch sensor and have a format factor (sometimes also referred to as "crop factor") of 5.6. Within the spectrum of camera sensors, this places the review cameras among the smaller-sensor digicams that favor affordability and compact design. Both cameras feature a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 4:3.

Canon SX510 and Sony HX90V sensor measures

While the two cameras under review share the same sensor size, the HX90V offers a higher resolution of 18 megapixels, compared with 15.9 MP of the SX510. This megapixels advantage translates into a 6 percent gain in linear resolution. On the other hand, these sensor specs imply that the HX90V has a higher pixel density and a smaller size of the individual pixel (with a pixel pitch of 1.25μm versus 1.33μm for the SX510). However, it should be noted that the HX90V is a somewhat more recent model (by 1 year and 7 months) than the SX510, and its sensor might have benefitted from technological advances during this time that at least partly compensate for the smaller pixel size. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that neither of the two cameras has an anti-alias filter installed, so they are able to capture all the detail the sensor resolves.

The resolution advantage of the Sony HX90V implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the HX90V for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 24.5 x 18.4 inches or 62.2 x 46.6 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 19.6 x 14.7 inches or 49.7 x 37.3 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 16.3 x 12.2 inches or 41.5 x 31.1 cm. The corresponding values for the Canon SX510 are 23 x 17.3 inches or 58.5 x 43.9 cm for good quality, 18.4 x 13.8 inches or 46.8 x 35.1 cm for very good quality, and 15.4 x 11.5 inches or 39 x 29.3 cm for excellent quality prints.

The Canon PowerShot SX510 HS has a native sensitivity range from ISO 80 to ISO 3200. The corresponding ISO settings for the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX90V are ISO 80 to ISO 3200, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 80-12800.

SX510 versus HX90V MP

For many cameras, data on sensor performance has been reported by DXO Mark. This service assesses and scores the color depth ("DXO Portrait"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports") of camera sensors, and also publishes an overall camera score. The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Canon SX510 1/2.3 15.9 4608 34561080/24p........
2.
 
Sony HX90V 1/2.3 18.0 4896 36721080/60p........
3.
 
Canon SX430 1/2.3 19.9 5152 3864720/25p........
4.
 
Canon SX420 1/2.3 19.9 5152 3864720/25p........
5.
 
Canon SX720 1/2.3 20.2 5184 38881080/60p........
6.
 
Canon SX410 1/2.3 19.9 5152 3864720/30p........
7.
 
Canon SX520 1/2.3 15.9 4608 34561080/30p........
8.
 
Canon SX700 1/2.3 15.9 4608 34561080/60p........
9.
 
Canon SX600 1/2.3 15.9 4608 34561080/30p........
10.
 
Canon SX400 1/2.3 15.9 4608 3456720/30p........
11.
 
Canon SX60 1/2.3 14.2 4608 30721080/60p19.210.812739
12.
 
Canon SX500 1/2.3 15.9 4608 3456720/30p........
13.
 
Sony HX99 1/2.3 18.0 4896 36724K/30p........
14.
 
Sony HX95 1/2.3 18.0 4896 36724K/30p........
15.
 
Sony WX800 1/2.3 18.0 4896 36724K/30p........
16.
 
Sony HX400V 1/2.3 20.2 5184 38881080/60p........
17.
 
Sony H200 1/2.3 15.2 5184 2930720/30p........

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but can also record movies. Both cameras under consideration are equipped with sensors that have a sufficiently high read-out speed for moving images, but the HX90V provides a faster frame rate than the SX510. It can shoot movie footage at 1080/60p, while the Canon is limited to 1080/24p.

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Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a variety of features. For example, the HX90V has an electronic viewfinder (638k dots), which can be very helpful when shooting in bright sunlight. In contrast, the SX510 relies on live view and the rear LCD for framing. The following table reports on some other key feature differences and similarities of the Canon SX510, the Sony HX90V, and comparable cameras.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
(000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Canon SX510none n 3.0 461 fixed n 1/1600s 3.8 Y Y
2.
 
Sony HX90V638 n 3.0 921 tilting n 1/2000s 10.0 Y Y
3.
 
Canon SX430none n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/4000s 0.5 Y Y
4.
 
Canon SX420none n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/4000s 0.5 Y Y
5.
 
Canon SX720none n 3.0 922 fixed n 1/3200s 5.9 Y Y
6.
 
Canon SX410none n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/4000s 0.5 Y Y
7.
 
Canon SX520none n 3.0 461 fixed n 1/2000s 1.6 Y Y
8.
 
Canon SX700none n 3.0 922 fixed n 1/3200s 8.5 Y Y
9.
 
Canon SX600none n 3.0 461 fixed n 1/2000s 3.9 Y Y
10.
 
Canon SX400none n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/1600s 0.8 Y Y
11.
 
Canon SX60922 n 3.0 922 swivel n 1/2000s 6.4 Y Y
12.
 
Canon SX500none n 3.0 461 fixed n 1/1600s 0.8 Y Y
13.
 
Sony HX99638 n 3.0 922 tilting Y 1/2000s 10.0 Y Y
14.
 
Sony HX95638 n 3.0 922 tilting n 1/2000s 10.0 Y Y
15.
 
Sony WX800none n 3.0 922 tilting Y 1/2000s 10.0 Y Y
16.
 
Sony HX400V210 n 3.0 921 tilting n 1/4000s 10.0 Y Y
17.
 
Sony H200none n 3.0 460 fixed n 1/1500s 0.8 Y Y
The HX90V has an articulated screen that can be turned to be front-facing. This characteristic will be appreciated by vloggers and photographers who are interested in taking selfies. In contrast, the SX510 does not have a selfie-screen.

Both the SX510 and the HX90V have zoom lenses built in. The SX510 has a 24-720mm f/3.4-5.8 optic and the HX90V offers a 24-720mm f/3.5-6.4 (focal lengths in full frame equivalent terms). The SX510 offers the faster maximum aperture.

The SX510 writes its imaging data to SDXC cards, while the HX90V uses SDXC or Memory Stick PRO Duo cards. The HX90V supports UHS-I cards (Ultra High Speed data transfer of up to 104 MB/s), while the SX510 cannot take advantage of Ultra High Speed SD cards.

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Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Canon PowerShot SX510 HS and Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX90V and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Canon SX510-stereomono--mini2.0Y--
2.
 
Sony HX90V-stereomono--micro2.0YY-
3.
 
Canon SX430-monomono---2.0YY-
4.
 
Canon SX420-monomono---2.0YY-
5.
 
Canon SX720-stereomono--micro2.0YY-
6.
 
Canon SX410-stereomono---2.0---
7.
 
Canon SX520-stereomono--mini2.0---
8.
 
Canon SX700-stereomono--micro2.0YY-
9.
 
Canon SX600-monomono--micro2.0YY-
10.
 
Canon SX400-stereomono---2.0---
11.
 
Canon SX60YstereomonoY-mini2.0YY-
12.
 
Canon SX500-stereomono---2.0---
13.
 
Sony HX99-stereomono--micro2.0YYY
14.
 
Sony HX95-stereomono--micro2.0YYY
15.
 
Sony WX800-stereomono--micro2.0YY-
16.
 
Sony HX400VYstereomono--micro2.0YY-
17.
 
Sony H200-monomono---2.0---

Travel and landscape photographers will find it useful that the HX90V has an internal geolocalization sensor and can record GPS coordinates in its EXIF data.

The HX90V is a recent model that features in the current product line-up of Sony. In contrast, the SX510 has been discontinued (but can be found pre-owned on eBay). As a replacement in the same line of cameras, the SX510 was succeeded by the Canon SX520. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Canon and Sony websites.

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Review summary

So what is the bottom line? Is the Canon SX510 better than the Sony HX90V or vice versa? The listing below highlights the relative strengths of the two models.

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Reasons to prefer the Canon PowerShot SX510 HS:

  • Better light gathering: Has a lens with a wider maximum aperture (f/3.4 vs f/3.5).
  • More affordable: Was introduced into a lower priced category (42 percent cheaper at launch).
  • More heavily discounted: Has been on the market for longer (launched in August 2013).

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Arguments in favor of the Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX90V:

  • More detail: Has more megapixels (18 vs 15.9MP), which boosts linear resolution by 6%.
  • Better video: Provides higher movie framerates (1080/60p versus 1080/24p).
  • Easier framing: Has an electronic viewfinder for image composition and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (921k vs 461k dots).
  • More flexible LCD: Has a tilting screen for odd-angle shots in landscape orientation.
  • More selfie-friendly: Has an articulated screen that can be turned to be front-facing.
  • Faster shutter: Has higher mechanical shutter speed (1/2000s vs 1/1600s) to freeze action.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (10 vs 3.8 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • More compact: Is smaller (102x58mm vs 104x70mm) and will fit more readily into a bag.
  • Less heavy: Has a lower weight (by 104g or 30 percent) and is thus easier to take along.
  • Longer lasting: Gets more shots (360 versus 250) out of a single battery charge.
  • Easier travel charging: Can be conveniently charged via its USB port.
  • Easier geotagging: Features an internal GPS sensor to log localization data.
  • Easier device pairing: Supports NFC for fast wireless image transfer over short distances.
  • Faster buffer clearing: Has an SD card interface that supports the UHS-I standard.
  • More modern: Was introduced somewhat (1 year and 7 months) more recently.

If the count of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a measure, the HX90V is the clear winner of the contest (16 : 3 points). However, the pertinence of the various camera strengths will differ across photographers, so that you might want to weigh individual camera traits according to their importance for your own imaging needs before making a camera decision. A professional wedding photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a travel photog, and a person interested in cityscapes has distinct needs from a macro shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

SX510 03:16 HX90V

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Canon SX510 and the Sony HX90V place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best Superzoom Camera listing whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the specs-based evaluation of cameras can be instructive in revealing their potential as photographic tools, it remains partial and cannot reveal, for example, the shooting experience and imaging performance when actually working with the SX510 or the HX90V. User reviews that are available, for instance, at amazon can sometimes shed light on these issues, but such feedback is all too often partial, inconsistent, and inaccurate.

Expert reviews

This is why hands-on reviews by experts are important. The following table reports the overall ratings of the cameras as published by some of the major camera review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon SX510..+ +..4.5/54/5 Aug 2013 249i
2.
 
Sony HX90V4/5+ +..4/54.5/5 Apr 2015 429 i
3.
 
Canon SX430......3.5/53.5/5 Jan 2017 299 i
4.
 
Canon SX420........3/5 Jan 2016 299i
5.
 
Canon SX720..+..4/54.5/5 Feb 2016 379i
6.
 
Canon SX410..o...... Feb 2015 279i
7.
 
Canon SX520..+..3.5/53.5/5 Jul 2014 399i
8.
 
Canon SX700..+ +..4/54/5 Feb 2014 349i
9.
 
Canon SX600..+..4/54/5 Jan 2014 249i
10.
 
Canon SX400..+...... Jul 2014 249i
11.
 
Canon SX603/5+ +75/1004/54.5/5 Sep 2014 549i
12.
 
Canon SX500..+ +..4/54/5 Aug 2012 329i
13.
 
Sony HX99......4/54.5/5 Aug 2018 449 i
14.
 
Sony HX95.......... Aug 2018 429 i
15.
 
Sony WX800.......... Oct 2018 399 i
16.
 
Sony HX400V4/5+ +..4/54/5 Feb 2014 499 i
17.
 
Sony H200......3.5/53.5/5 Jan 2013 249 i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

The review scores listed above should be treated with care, though. The ratings were established in reference to similarly priced cameras that were available in the market at the time of the review. Thus, a score needs to be put into the context of the launch date and the launch price of the camera, and comparisons of ratings among very different cameras or across long time periods have little meaning. It should also be noted that some of the review sites have over time altered the way they render their verdicts.

Canon SX510:
Check Ebay offers
Sony HX90V:
Check Amazon price

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? If you would like to see a different side-by-side camera review, just use the search menu below. Alternatively, you can follow any of the listed hyperlinks for comparisons that others found interesting.

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    Specifications: Canon SX510 vs Sony HX90V

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Canon SX510 Sony HX90V
    Camera Type Fixed lens compact camera Fixed lens compact camera
    Camera Lens 24-720mm f/3.4-5.8 24-720mm f/3.5-6.4
    Launch Date August 2013 April 2015
    Launch Price USD 249 USD 429
    Sensor Specs Canon SX510 Sony HX90V
    Sensor Technology CMOS BSI-CMOS
    Sensor Format 1/2.3" Sensor 1/2.3" Sensor
    Sensor Size 6.17 x 4.55 mm 6.17 x 4.55 mm
    Sensor Area 28.0735 mm2 28.0735 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 7.7 mm 7.7 mm
    Crop Factor 5.6x 5.6x
    Sensor Resolution 15.9 Megapixels 18 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 4608 x 3456 pixels 4896 x 3672 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 1.33 μm 1.25 μm
    Pixel Density 56.73 MP/cm2 64.04 MP/cm2
    Moiré control no AA filter no AA filter
    Movie Capability 1080/24p Video 1080/60p Video
    ISO Setting 80 - 3,200 ISO 80 - 3,200 ISO
    ISO Boost no Enhancement 80 - 12,800 ISO
    Image Processor DIGIC 4 BIONZ X
    Screen Specs Canon SX510 Sony HX90V
    Viewfinder Type no viewfinder Electronic viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 100%
    Viewfinder Magnification
    Viewfinder Resolution 638k dots
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0inch 3.0inch
    LCD Resolution 461k dots 921k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Tilting screen
    Shooting Specs Canon SX510 Sony HX90V
    Focus System Contrast-detect AF Contrast-detect AF
    Manual Focusing Aidno Peaking FeatureFocus Peaking
    Max Shutter Speed (mechanical) 1/1600s 1/2000s
    Continuous Shooting 3.8 shutter flaps/s 10 shutter flaps/s
    Fill Flash Build-in Flash Build-in Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards MS or SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    UHS card support no UHS-I
    Connectivity Specs Canon SX510 Sony HX90V
    External Flash no Hotshoe no Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port mini HDMI micro HDMI
    Wifi Support Wifi built-in Wifi built-in
    Near-Field Communication no NFC NFC built-in
    Geotagging no internal GPS GPS built-in
    Body Specs Canon SX510 Sony HX90V
    Battery Type NB-6LH NP-BX1
    Battery Life (CIPA)250 shots per charge360 shots per charge
    In-Camera Charging no USB charging USB charging
    Body Dimensions 104 x 70 x 80 mm
    (4.1 x 2.8 x 3.1 in)
    102 x 58 x 36 mm
    (4.0 x 2.3 x 1.4 in)
    Camera Weight 349 g (12.3 oz) 245 g (8.6 oz)

    Did you notice an error on this page? If so, please get in touch, so that we can correct the information.

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