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Canon SX430 vs Leica M10-P

The Canon PowerShot SX430 IS and the Leica M10-P are two digital cameras that were announced, respectively, in January 2017 and August 2018. The SX430 is a fixed lens compact, while the M10-P is a rangefinder-style mirrorless. The cameras are based on a 1/2.3-inch (SX430) and a full frame (M10-P) sensor. The Canon has a resolution of 19.9 megapixels, whereas the Leica provides 23.8 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Canon SX430 versus Leica M10-P
Canon SX430 Leica M10-P
Fixed lens compact camera Rangefinder camera
24-1080mm f/3.5-6.6 Leica M mount lenses
19.9 MP, 1/2.3" Sensor 23.8 MP, Full Frame Sensor
720/25p Video no Video
ISO 100-1,600 ISO 100-50,000
No viewfinder, LCD framing Optical viewfinder
3.0 LCD, 230k dots 3.0 LCD, 1037k dots
Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive) Fixed touchscreen
0.5 shutter flaps per second 5 shutter flaps per second
not weather sealedWeathersealed body
195 shots per battery charge210 shots per battery charge
104 x 69 x 85 mm, 323 g 139 x 80 x 39 mm, 660 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Canon PowerShot SX430 IS and the Leica M10-P? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The side-by-side display below illustrates the physical size and weight of the Canon SX430 and the Leica M10-P. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three consecutive views from the front, the top, and the rear side are shown. All width, height and depth dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

The M10-P can be obtained in two different colors (black, silver), while the SX430 is only available in black.

Size Canon SX430 vs Leica M10-P
Compare SX430 versus M10-P top
Comparison SX430 or M10-P rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Leica M10-P is considerably larger (55 percent) than the Canon SX430. It is noteworthy in this context that the M10-P is splash and dust-proof, while the SX430 does not feature any corresponding weather-sealing.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete and possibly misleading, as the SX430 has a lens built in, whereas the M10-P is an interchangeable lens camera that requires a separate lens. Attaching the latter will add extra weight and bulk to the setup. You can compare the optics available for the M10-P and their specifications in the Leica M Lens Catalog.

The table below summarizes the key physical specs of the two cameras alongside a broader set of comparators. In case you want to display and compare another camera duo, you can use the CAM-parator app to select your camera combination among a large number of options.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon SX430 104 mm 69 mm 85 mm 323 g 195 n Jan 2017 299 i
2.
 
Leica M10-P 139 mm 80 mm 39 mm 660 g 210 Y Aug 2018 7,995 i
3.
 
Canon M50 116 mm 88 mm 59 mm 390 g 235 n Feb 2018 779i
4.
 
Canon SX740 110 mm 64 mm 40 mm 299 g 265 n Jul 2018 399 i
5.
 
Canon SX730 110 mm 64 mm 40 mm 300 g 250 n Apr 2017 399i
6.
 
Canon G7 X Mark II 106 mm 61 mm 42 mm 319 g 265 n Feb 2016 699i
7.
 
Canon SX420 104 mm 69 mm 85 mm 325 g 195 n Jan 2016 299i
8.
 
Canon SX620 97 mm 57 mm 28 mm 182 g 295 n May 2016 279 i
9.
 
Canon SX720 110 mm 64 mm 36 mm 270 g 250 n Feb 2016 379i
10.
 
Canon SX410 104 mm 69 mm 85 mm 325 g 185 n Feb 2015 279i
11.
 
Canon SX710 113 mm 66 mm 35 mm 269 g 230 n Jan 2015 349i
12.
 
Leica M10-R 139 mm 80 mm 39 mm 660 g 210 Y Jul 2020 8,295 i
13.
 
Leica M-E Typ 240 139 mm 80 mm 42 mm 680 g .. Y Jun 2019 3,999 i
14.
 
Leica M10 139 mm 80 mm 39 mm 660 g 210 Y Jan 2017 6,595 i
15.
 
Leica M Typ 240 139 mm 80 mm 42 mm 680 g .. Y Sep 2012 6,950i
16.
 
Leica M9 139 mm 80 mm 37 mm 585 g .. n Sep 2009 7,999i
17.
 
Sony RX100 VI 102 mm 58 mm 43 mm 301 g 240 n Jun 2018 1,199i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will obviously take relative prices into account. The retail prices at the time of the camera’s release place the model in the market relative to other models in the producer’s line-up and the competition. The SX430 was launched at a lower price than the M10-P, despite having a lens built in. Normally, street prices remain initially close to the MSRP, but after a couple of months, the first discounts appear. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

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Sensor comparison

The size of the imaging sensor is a crucial determinant of image quality. All other things equal, a large sensor will have larger individual pixel-units that offer better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be associated with larger, more expensive camera bodies and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Canon SX430 features a 1/2.3-inch sensor and the Leica M10-P a full frame sensor. The sensor area in the M10-P is 2957 percent bigger. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 5.6 and 1.0. The sensor in the SX430 has a native 4:3 aspect ratio, while the one in the M10-P offers a 3:2 aspect.

Canon SX430 and Leica M10-P sensor measures

With 23.8MP, the M10-P offers a higher resolution than the SX430 (19.9MP), but the M10-P nevertheless has larger individual pixels (pixel pitch of 6.00μm versus 1.19μm for the SX430) due to its larger sensor. Moreover, the M10-P is a somewhat more recent model (by 1 year and 7 months) than the SX430, and its sensor might have benefitted from technological advances during this time that further enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixel-units. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that neither of the two cameras has an anti-alias filter installed, so they are able to capture all the detail the sensor resolves.

The resolution advantage of the Leica M10-P implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the M10-P for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 29.8 x 20 inches or 75.6 x 50.7 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 23.8 x 16 inches or 60.5 x 40.6 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 19.8 x 13.3 inches or 50.4 x 33.8 cm. The corresponding values for the Canon SX430 are 25.8 x 19.3 inches or 65.4 x 49.1 cm for good quality, 20.6 x 15.5 inches or 52.3 x 39.3 cm for very good quality, and 17.2 x 12.9 inches or 43.6 x 32.7 cm for excellent quality prints.

The Canon PowerShot SX430 IS has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 1600. The corresponding ISO settings for the Leica M10-P are ISO 100 to ISO 50000 (no boost).

SX430 versus M10-P MP

Consistent information on actual sensor performance is available from DXO Mark for many cameras. This service is based on lab testing and assigns an overall score to each camera sensor, as well as ratings for dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), color depth ("DXO Portrait"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"). The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Canon SX430 1/2.3 19.9 5152 3864720/25p........
2.
 
Leica M10-P Full Frame 23.8 5952 3992none........
3.
 
Canon M50 APS-C 24.0 6000 40004K/24p........
4.
 
Canon SX740 1/2.3 20.2 5184 38884K/30p........
5.
 
Canon SX730 1/2.3 20.2 5184 38881080/60p........
6.
 
Canon G7 X Mark II 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p........
7.
 
Canon SX420 1/2.3 19.9 5152 3864720/25p........
8.
 
Canon SX620 1/2.3 20.2 5184 38881080/30p........
9.
 
Canon SX720 1/2.3 20.2 5184 38881080/60p........
10.
 
Canon SX410 1/2.3 19.9 5152 3864720/30p........
11.
 
Canon SX710 1/2.3 20.2 5184 38881080/60p........
12.
 
Leica M10-R Full Frame 40.9 7864 5200none........
13.
 
Leica M-E Typ 240 Full Frame 23.7 5952 39761080/25p........
14.
 
Leica M10 Full Frame 23.8 5952 3992none24.413.2213386
15.
 
Leica M Typ 240 Full Frame 23.7 5952 39761080/25p24.013.3186084
16.
 
Leica M9 Full Frame 18.1 5212 3472none22.511.788469
17.
 
Sony RX100 VI 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p........

Many modern cameras cannot only take still pictures, but also record videos. The SX430 indeed provides movie recording capabilities, while the M10-P does not. The highest resolution format that the SX430 can use is 720/25p.

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Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a variety of features. For example, the M10-P has an optical viewfinder, which can be very useful when shooting in bright sunlight. In contrast, the SX430 relies on live view and the rear LCD for framing. The following table reports on some other key feature differences and similarities of the Canon SX430, the Leica M10-P, and comparable cameras.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
(000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Canon SX430none n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/4000s 0.5 Y Y
2.
 
Leica M10-Poptical n 3.0 1037 fixed Y 1/4000s 5.0 n n
3.
 
Canon M502360 n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 10.0 Y n
4.
 
Canon SX740none n 3.0 922 tilting n 1/3200s 10.0 Y Y
5.
 
Canon SX730none n 3.0 922 tilting n 1/3200s 5.9 Y Y
6.
 
Canon G7 X Mark IInone n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/2000s 8.0 Y Y
7.
 
Canon SX420none n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/4000s 0.5 Y Y
8.
 
Canon SX620none n 3.0 922 fixed n 1/2000s 2.5 Y Y
9.
 
Canon SX720none n 3.0 922 fixed n 1/3200s 5.9 Y Y
10.
 
Canon SX410none n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/4000s 0.5 Y Y
11.
 
Canon SX710none n 3.0 922 fixed n 1/3200s 6.0 Y Y
12.
 
Leica M10-Roptical n 3.0 1037 fixed Y 1/4000s 4.5 n n
13.
 
Leica M-E Typ 240optical n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 n n
14.
 
Leica M10optical n 3.0 1037 fixed n 1/4000s 5.0 n n
15.
 
Leica M Typ 240optical n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 n n
16.
 
Leica M9optical n 2.5 230 fixed n 1/4000s 2.0 n n
17.
 
Sony RX100 VI2359 n 3.0 1229 tilting Y 1/2000s 24.0 Y Y

One difference between the cameras concerns the presence of an on-board flash. The SX430 has one, while the M10-P does not. While the built-in flash of the SX430 is not very powerful, it can at times be useful as a fill-in light.

The Leica M10-P has an intervalometer built-in. This enables the photographer to capture time lapse sequences, such as flower blooming, a sunset or moon rise, without purchasing an external camera trigger and related software.

Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the SX430 and the M10-P write their files to SDXC cards. The M10-P supports UHS-I cards (Ultra High Speed data transfer of up to 104 MB/s), while the SX430 cannot take advantage of Ultra High Speed SD cards.

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Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Canon PowerShot SX430 IS and Leica M10-P and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Canon SX430-monomono---2.0YY-
2.
 
Leica M10-PY------Y--
3.
 
Canon M50YstereomonoY-micro2.0Y-Y
4.
 
Canon SX740-stereomono--micro2.0Y-Y
5.
 
Canon SX730-stereomono--micro2.0YYY
6.
 
Canon G7 X Mark II-stereomono--micro2.0YY-
7.
 
Canon SX420-monomono---2.0YY-
8.
 
Canon SX620-monomono--micro2.0YY-
9.
 
Canon SX720-stereomono--micro2.0YY-
10.
 
Canon SX410-stereomono---2.0---
11.
 
Canon SX710-stereomono--micro2.0YY-
12.
 
Leica M10-RY------Y--
13.
 
Leica M-E Typ 240Ymono----2.0---
14.
 
Leica M10Y------Y--
15.
 
Leica M Typ 240Ystereomono---2.0---
16.
 
Leica M9Y-----2.0---
17.
 
Sony RX100 VI-stereomono--micro2.0YYY

It is notable that the M10-P has a hotshoe, which makes it possible to easily attach optional accessories, such as an external flash gun. The SX430 does not feature such an accessory-socket.

Both the SX430 and the M10-P are recent models that are part of the current product line-up. The SX430 replaced the earlier Canon SX420, while the M10-P followed on from the Leica M9-P. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Canon and Leica websites.

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Review summary

So what is the bottom line? Is the Canon SX430 better than the Leica M10-P or vice versa? Below is a summary of the relative strengths of each of the two contestants.

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Arguments in favor of the Canon PowerShot SX430 IS:

  • Broader imaging potential: Can record not only still images but also 720/25p movies.
  • Ready to shoot: Has a lens built-in, whereas the M10-P requires a separate lens.
  • More compact: Is smaller (104x69mm vs 139x80mm) and thus needs less room in the bag.
  • Less heavy: Is lighter even though it comes with a built-in lens (unlike the M10-P).
  • Sharper images: Has hand-shake reducing image stabilization built-in.
  • Easier fill-in: Is equipped with a small onboard flash to brighten deep shadow areas.
  • Easier device pairing: Supports NFC for fast wireless image transfer over short distances.
  • More affordable: Was introduced at a lower price, despite coming with a built-in lens.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been on the market for longer (launched in January 2017).

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Reasons to prefer the Leica M10-P:

  • More detail: Has more megapixels (23.8 vs 19.9MP), which boosts linear resolution by 11%.
  • Better image quality: Is equipped with a larger and more technologically advanced sensor.
  • Richer colors: The sensor size advantage translates into images with better, more accurate colors.
  • More dynamic range: Larger sensor captures a wider spectrum of light and dark details.
  • Better low-light sensitivity: Larger sensor produces good images even in poorly lit environments.
  • Easier framing: Has an optical viewfinder for image composition and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (1037k vs 230k dots).
  • Fewer buttons to press: Has a touchscreen to facilitate handling and shooting adjustments.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (5 vs 0.5 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Easier time-lapse photography: Has an intervalometer built-in for low frequency shooting.
  • More flexible: Takes interchangeable lenses and can thus be used with different optics.
  • Better sealing: Is splash and dust sealed for shooting in inclement weather conditions.
  • Better lighting: Features a hotshoe and can thus hold and trigger an external flash gun.
  • Faster buffer clearing: Has an SD card interface that supports the UHS-I standard.
  • More prestigious: Has the Leica luxury appeal, which ensures a high resale value.
  • More modern: Was introduced somewhat (1 year and 7 months) more recently.

If the number of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the M10-P is the clear winner of the contest (16 : 9 points). However, the pertinence of the various camera strengths will differ across photographers, so that you might want to weigh individual camera traits according to their importance for your own imaging needs before making a camera decision. A professional wildlife photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a family photog, and a person interested in architecture has distinct needs from a sports shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

SX430 09:16 M10-P

In any case, while the specs-based evaluation of cameras can be instructive in revealing their potential as photographic tools, it remains incomplete and does no justice, for example, to the way the SX430 or the M10-P perform in practice. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.

Expert reviews

This is why expert reviews are important. The adjacent summary-table relays the overall verdicts of several of the most popular camera review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon SX430......3.5/53.5/5 Jan 2017 299 i
2.
 
Leica M10-P........4/5 Aug 2018 7,995 i
3.
 
Canon M50..+79/100..3.5/5 Feb 2018 779i
4.
 
Canon SX740..+..4/54/5 Jul 2018 399 i
5.
 
Canon SX730..+..4/54/5 Apr 2017 399i
6.
 
Canon G7 X Mark II4.5/5+ +81/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2016 699i
7.
 
Canon SX420........3/5 Jan 2016 299i
8.
 
Canon SX620........4/5 May 2016 279 i
9.
 
Canon SX720..+..4/54.5/5 Feb 2016 379i
10.
 
Canon SX410..o...... Feb 2015 279i
11.
 
Canon SX710..+..4/53.5/5 Jan 2015 349i
12.
 
Leica M10-R4.5/5......4/5 Jul 2020 8,295 i
13.
 
Leica M-E Typ 240.......... Jun 2019 3,999 i
14.
 
Leica M104.5/5....4/54.5/5 Jan 2017 6,595 i
15.
 
Leica M Typ 2404/5....4/5.. Sep 2012 6,950i
16.
 
Leica M9......4.5/5.. Sep 2009 7,999i
17.
 
Sony RX100 VI4.5/5+ +83/1004/54.5/5 Jun 2018 1,199i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The ratings are only valid when referring to cameras in the same category and of the same age. Hence, a score should always be seen in the context of the camera's market launch date and its price, and rating-comparisons among cameras that span long time periods or concern very differently equipped models make little sense. It should also be noted that some of the review sites have over time altered the way they render their verdicts.

Canon SX430:
Check Amazon price
Leica M10-P:
Check Amazon price

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you would like to check on the differences and similarities of other camera models, just make a corresponding selection in the search boxes below. As an alternative, you can also directly jump to any one of the listed comparisons that were previously generated by the CAM-parator tool.

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    Specifications: Canon SX430 vs Leica M10-P

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Canon SX430 Leica M10-P
    Camera Type Fixed lens compact camera Rangefinder camera
    Camera Lens 24-1080mm f/3.5-6.6 Leica M mount lenses
    Launch Date January 2017 August 2018
    Launch Price USD 299 USD 7,995
    Sensor Specs Canon SX430 Leica M10-P
    Sensor Technology CCD CMOS
    Sensor Format 1/2.3" Sensor Full Frame Sensor
    Sensor Size 6.17 x 4.55 mm 35.8 x 23.9 mm
    Sensor Area 28.0735 mm2 855.62 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 7.7 mm 43 mm
    Crop Factor 5.6x 1.0x
    Sensor Resolution 19.9 Megapixels 23.8 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 5152 x 3864 pixels 5952 x 3992 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 1.19 μm 6.00 μm
    Pixel Density 70.91 MP/cm2 2.78 MP/cm2
    Moiré control no AA filter no AA filter
    Movie Capability 720/25p Video no Video
    ISO Setting 100 - 1,600 ISO 100 - 50,000 ISO
    Image Processor DIGIC 4+ Maestro II
    Screen Specs Canon SX430 Leica M10-P
    Viewfinder Type no viewfinder Optical viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 100%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.73x
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0inch 3.0inch
    LCD Resolution 230k dots 1037k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Fixed screen
    Touch Input no Touchscreen Touchscreen
    Shooting Specs Canon SX430 Leica M10-P
    Focus System Contrast-detect AF Manual Focus
    Manual Focusing Aidno Peaking FeatureFocus Peaking
    Max Shutter Speed (mechanical) 1/4000s 1/4000s
    Continuous Shooting 0.5 shutter flaps/s 5 shutter flaps/s
    Time-Lapse Photographyno IntervalometerIntervalometer built-in
    Fill Flash Build-in Flash no On-Board Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    UHS card support no UHS-I
    Connectivity Specs Canon SX430 Leica M10-P
    External Flash no Hotshoe Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 no USB
    HDMI Port no HDMI no HDMI
    Wifi Support Wifi built-in Wifi built-in
    Near-Field Communication NFC built-in no NFC
    Body Specs Canon SX430 Leica M10-P
    Environmental Sealingnot weather sealedWeathersealed body
    Battery Type NB-11LH BP-SCL5
    Battery Life (CIPA)195 shots per charge210 shots per charge
    Body Dimensions 104 x 69 x 85 mm
    (4.1 x 2.7 x 3.3 in)
    139 x 80 x 39 mm
    (5.5 x 3.1 x 1.5 in)
    Camera Weight 323 g (11.4 oz) 660 g (23.3 oz)

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