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Canon SX430 vs T7

The Canon PowerShot SX430 IS and the Canon EOS Rebel T7 (labelled Canon 2000D in some countries) are two digital cameras that were announced, respectively, in January 2017 and February 2018. The SX430 is a fixed lens compact, while the T7 is a DSLR. The cameras are based on a 1/2.3-inch (SX430) and an APS-C (T7) sensor. The SX430 has a resolution of 19.9 megapixels, whereas the T7 provides 24 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Canon SX430 versus Canon T7
Canon SX430 Canon T7
Fixed lens compact camera Digital single lens reflex
24-1080mm f/3.5-6.6 Canon EF mount lenses
19.9 MP, 1/2.3" Sensor 24 MP, APS-C Sensor
720/25p Video 1080/30p Video
ISO 100-1,600 ISO 100-6,400 (100 - 12,800)
No viewfinder, LCD framing Optical viewfinder
3.0 LCD, 230k dots 3.0 LCD, 920k dots
Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive) Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive)
0.5 shutter flaps per second 3 shutter flaps per second
195 shots per battery charge500 shots per battery charge
104 x 69 x 85 mm, 323 g 129 x 101 x 78 mm, 475 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Canon PowerShot SX430 IS and the Canon EOS Rebel T7? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The physical size and weight of the Canon SX430 and the Canon T7 are illustrated in the side-by-side display below. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three consecutive views from the front, the top, and the rear side are shown. All size dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

Size Canon SX430 vs Canon T7
Compare SX430 versus T7 top
Comparison SX430 or T7 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Canon T7 is considerably larger (82 percent) than the Canon SX430. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the SX430 nor the T7 are weather-sealed.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete and possibly misleading, as the SX430 has a lens built in, whereas the T7 is an interchangeable lens camera that requires a separate lens. Attaching the latter will add extra weight and bulk to the setup. You can compare the optics available for the T7 and their specifications in the Canon EF Lens Catalog.

Concerning battery life, the SX430 gets 195 shots out of its NB-11LH battery, while the T7 can take 500 images on a single charge of its LP-E10 power pack.

The following table provides a synthesis of the main physical specifications of the two cameras and other similar ones. If you would like to visualize and compare a different camera combination, you can navigate to the CAM-parator app and make your selection from a broad list of cameras there.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon SX430 104 mm 69 mm 85 mm 323 g 195 n Jan 2017 299 i
2.
 
Canon T7 129 mm 101 mm 78 mm 475 g 500 n Feb 2018 449 i
3.
 
Canon SL3 122 mm 93 mm 70 mm 449 g 1070 n Apr 2019 599 i
4.
 
Canon M50 116 mm 88 mm 59 mm 390 g 235 n Feb 2018 779i
5.
 
Canon SX740 110 mm 64 mm 40 mm 299 g 265 n Jul 2018 399 i
6.
 
Canon T100 129 mm 102 mm 77 mm 436 g 500 n Feb 2018 399 i
7.
 
Canon 77D 131 mm 100 mm 76 mm 540 g 600 n Feb 2017 899 i
8.
 
Canon SL2 122 mm 93 mm 70 mm 453 g 650 n Jun 2017 549i
9.
 
Canon SX730 110 mm 64 mm 40 mm 300 g 250 n Apr 2017 399i
10.
 
Canon G7 X Mark II 106 mm 61 mm 42 mm 319 g 265 n Feb 2016 699i
11.
 
Canon T6 129 mm 101 mm 78 mm 485 g 500 n Mar 2016 449i
12.
 
Canon SX420 104 mm 69 mm 85 mm 325 g 195 n Jan 2016 299i
13.
 
Canon SX620 97 mm 57 mm 28 mm 182 g 295 n May 2016 279 i
14.
 
Canon SX720 110 mm 64 mm 36 mm 270 g 250 n Feb 2016 379i
15.
 
Canon SX410 104 mm 69 mm 85 mm 325 g 185 n Feb 2015 279i
16.
 
Canon SX710 113 mm 66 mm 35 mm 269 g 230 n Jan 2015 349i
17.
 
Sony RX100 VI 102 mm 58 mm 43 mm 301 g 240 n Jun 2018 1,199i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will obviously take relative prices into account. The retail prices at the time of the camera’s release place the model in the market relative to other models in the producer’s line-up and the competition. The SX430 was launched at a lower price than the T7, despite having a lens built in. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

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Sensor comparison

The size of the imaging sensor is a crucial determinant of image quality. A large sensor will tend to have larger individual pixels that provide better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixel-units in a sensor of the same technological generation. Further, a large sensor camera will give the photographer additional creative options when using shallow depth-of-field to isolate a subject from its background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be more expensive and lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Canon SX430 features a 1/2.3-inch sensor and the Canon T7 an APS-C sensor. The sensor area in the T7 is 1086 percent bigger. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 5.6 and 1.6. The sensor in the SX430 has a native 4:3 aspect ratio, while the one in the T7 offers a 3:2 aspect.

Canon SX430 and Canon T7 sensor measures

With 24MP, the T7 offers a higher resolution than the SX430 (19.9MP), but the T7 nevertheless has larger individual pixels (pixel pitch of 3.72μm versus 1.19μm for the SX430) due to its larger sensor. Moreover, the T7 is a somewhat more recent model (by 1 year and 1 month) than the SX430, and its sensor might have benefitted from technological advances during this time that further enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixel-units. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that the SX430 has no anti-alias filter installed, so that it can capture all the detail its sensor resolves.

The resolution advantage of the Canon T7 implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the T7 for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 30 x 20 inches or 76.2 x 50.8 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 24 x 16 inches or 61 x 40.6 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 20 x 13.3 inches or 50.8 x 33.9 cm. The corresponding values for the Canon SX430 are 25.8 x 19.3 inches or 65.4 x 49.1 cm for good quality, 20.6 x 15.5 inches or 52.3 x 39.3 cm for very good quality, and 17.2 x 12.9 inches or 43.6 x 32.7 cm for excellent quality prints.

The Canon PowerShot SX430 IS has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 1600. The corresponding ISO settings for the Canon EOS Rebel T7 are ISO 100 to ISO 6400, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 100-12800.

SX430 versus T7 MP

For many cameras, data on sensor performance has been reported by DXO Mark. This service is based on lab testing and assigns an overall score to each camera sensor, as well as ratings for dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), color depth ("DXO Portrait"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"). The adjacent table reports on the physical sensor characteristics and the outcomes of the DXO sensor quality tests for a sample of comparator-cameras.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Canon SX430 1/2.3 19.9 5152 3864720/25p........
2.
 
Canon T7 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p........
3.
 
Canon SL3 APS-C 24.0 6000 40004K/25p........
4.
 
Canon M50 APS-C 24.0 6000 40004K/24p........
5.
 
Canon SX740 1/2.3 20.2 5184 38884K/30p........
6.
 
Canon T100 APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.911.469563
7.
 
Canon 77D APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.613.397178
8.
 
Canon SL2 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.613.4104179
9.
 
Canon SX730 1/2.3 20.2 5184 38881080/60p........
10.
 
Canon G7 X Mark II 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p........
11.
 
Canon T6 APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p........
12.
 
Canon SX420 1/2.3 19.9 5152 3864720/25p........
13.
 
Canon SX620 1/2.3 20.2 5184 38881080/30p........
14.
 
Canon SX720 1/2.3 20.2 5184 38881080/60p........
15.
 
Canon SX410 1/2.3 19.9 5152 3864720/30p........
16.
 
Canon SX710 1/2.3 20.2 5184 38881080/60p........
17.
 
Sony RX100 VI 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p........

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but can also record movies. The two cameras under consideration both have sensors whose read-out speed is fast enough to capture moving pictures, but the T7 provides a better video resolution than the SX430. It can shoot movie footage at 1080/30p, while the SX430 is limited to 720/25p.

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Feature comparison

Beyond body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. For example, the T7 has an optical viewfinder, which can be very useful when shooting in bright sunlight. In contrast, the SX430 relies on live view and the rear LCD for framing. The adjacent table lists some of the other core features of the Canon SX430 and Canon T7 along with similar information for a selection of comparators.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
(000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Canon SX430none n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/4000s 0.5 Y Y
2.
 
Canon T7optical n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
3.
 
Canon SL3optical n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
4.
 
Canon M502360 n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 10.0 Y n
5.
 
Canon SX740none n 3.0 922 tilting n 1/3200s 10.0 Y Y
6.
 
Canon T100optical n 2.7 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
7.
 
Canon 77Doptical Y 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 6.0 Y n
8.
 
Canon SL2optical n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
9.
 
Canon SX730none n 3.0 922 tilting n 1/3200s 5.9 Y Y
10.
 
Canon G7 X Mark IInone n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/2000s 8.0 Y Y
11.
 
Canon T6optical n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
12.
 
Canon SX420none n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/4000s 0.5 Y Y
13.
 
Canon SX620none n 3.0 922 fixed n 1/2000s 2.5 Y Y
14.
 
Canon SX720none n 3.0 922 fixed n 1/3200s 5.9 Y Y
15.
 
Canon SX410none n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/4000s 0.5 Y Y
16.
 
Canon SX710none n 3.0 922 fixed n 1/3200s 6.0 Y Y
17.
 
Sony RX100 VI2359 n 3.0 1229 tilting Y 1/2000s 24.0 Y Y

Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the SX430 and the T7 write their files to SDXC cards.

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Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Canon PowerShot SX430 IS and Canon EOS Rebel T7 and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Canon SX430-monomono---2.0YY-
2.
 
Canon T7Ymonomono--mini2.0YY-
3.
 
Canon SL3YstereomonoY-mini2.0Y-Y
4.
 
Canon M50YstereomonoY-micro2.0Y-Y
5.
 
Canon SX740-stereomono--micro2.0Y-Y
6.
 
Canon T100Ymonomono--mini2.0YY-
7.
 
Canon 77DYstereomonoY-mini2.0YYY
8.
 
Canon SL2YstereomonoY-mini2.0YYY
9.
 
Canon SX730-stereomono--micro2.0YYY
10.
 
Canon G7 X Mark II-stereomono--micro2.0YY-
11.
 
Canon T6Ymonomono--mini2.0YY-
12.
 
Canon SX420-monomono---2.0YY-
13.
 
Canon SX620-monomono--micro2.0YY-
14.
 
Canon SX720-stereomono--micro2.0YY-
15.
 
Canon SX410-stereomono---2.0---
16.
 
Canon SX710-stereomono--micro2.0YY-
17.
 
Sony RX100 VI-stereomono--micro2.0YYY

It is notable that the T7 has a hotshoe, which makes it possible to easily attach optional accessories, such as an external flash gun. The SX430 does not feature such an accessory-socket.

Both the SX430 and the T7 are recent models that are part of the current product line-up. The SX430 replaced the earlier Canon SX420, while the T7 followed on from the Canon T6. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Canon website.

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Review summary

So what conclusions can be drawn? Is the Canon SX430 better than the Canon T7 or vice versa? The listing below highlights the relative strengths of the two models.


Arguments in favor of the Canon PowerShot SX430 IS:

  • Maximized detail: Lacks an anti-alias filter to exploit the sensor's full resolution potential.
  • Ready to shoot: Comes with a built-in lens, while the T7 requires a separate lens.
  • More compact: Is smaller (104x69mm vs 129x101mm) and thus needs less room in the bag.
  • Less heavy: Is lighter even though it comes with a built-in lens (unlike the T7).
  • Sharper images: Has hand-shake reducing image stabilization built-in.
  • More affordable: Was introduced at a lower price, despite coming with a built-in lens.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been on the market for longer (launched in January 2017).


Advantages of the Canon EOS Rebel T7:

  • More detail: Has more megapixels (24 vs 19.9MP), which boosts linear resolution by 12%.
  • Better moiré control: Has an anti-alias filter to avoid artificial patterns to appear in images.
  • Better image quality: Is equipped with a larger and more technologically advanced sensor.
  • Richer colors: The sensor size advantage translates into images with better, more accurate colors.
  • More dynamic range: Larger sensor captures a wider spectrum of light and dark details.
  • Better low-light sensitivity: Larger sensor produces good images even in poorly lit environments.
  • Better video: Provides higher definition movie capture (1080/30p vs 720/25p).
  • Easier framing: Has an optical viewfinder for image composition and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (920k vs 230k dots).
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (3 vs 0.5 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • More flexible: Makes it possible to change lenses and thus to use specialty optics.
  • Longer lasting: Gets more shots (500 versus 195) out of a single battery charge.
  • Better lighting: Features a hotshoe and can thus hold and trigger an external flash gun.
  • More modern: Was introduced somewhat (1 year and 1 month) more recently.

If the count of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a measure, the T7 is the clear winner of the contest (14 : 7 points). However, the pertinence of the various camera strengths will differ across photographers, so that you might want to weigh individual camera traits according to their importance for your own imaging needs before making a camera decision. A professional wildlife photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a family photog, and a person interested in architecture has distinct needs from a sports shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

SX430 07:14 T7

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Canon SX430 and the Canon T7 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best Superzoom Camera and Best DSLR Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the comparison of technical specifications can provide a useful overview of the capabilities of different cameras, it remains partial and cannot reveal, for example, the shooting experience and imaging performance when actually working with the SX430 or the T7. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.

Expert reviews

This is why expert reviews are important. The table below provides a synthesis of the camera assessments of some of the best known photo-gear review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon SX430......3.5/53.5/5 Jan 2017 299 i
2.
 
Canon T7..o..3.5/53.5/5 Feb 2018 449 i
3.
 
Canon SL3..o79/1004/54/5 Apr 2019 599 i
4.
 
Canon M50..+79/100..3.5/5 Feb 2018 779i
5.
 
Canon SX740..+..4/54/5 Jul 2018 399 i
6.
 
Canon T100..o..3.5/53.5/5 Feb 2018 399 i
7.
 
Canon 77D4.5/5..82/1004.5/54/5 Feb 2017 899 i
8.
 
Canon SL24/5+ +78/1004.5/54.5/5 Jun 2017 549i
9.
 
Canon SX730..+..4/54/5 Apr 2017 399i
10.
 
Canon G7 X Mark II4.5/5+ +81/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2016 699i
11.
 
Canon T64/5o73/1004/54/5 Mar 2016 449i
12.
 
Canon SX420........3/5 Jan 2016 299i
13.
 
Canon SX620........4/5 May 2016 279 i
14.
 
Canon SX720..+..4/54.5/5 Feb 2016 379i
15.
 
Canon SX410..o...... Feb 2015 279i
16.
 
Canon SX710..+..4/53.5/5 Jan 2015 349i
17.
 
Sony RX100 VI4.5/5+ +83/1004/54.5/5 Jun 2018 1,199i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

The above review scores should be interpreted with care, though. The ratings were established in reference to similarly priced cameras that were available in the market at the time of the review. Hence, a score should always be seen in the context of the camera's market launch date and its price, and comparing ratings of very distinct cameras or ones that are far apart in terms of their release date have little meaning. It should also be noted that some of the review sites have over time altered the way they render their verdicts.

Canon SX430:
Check Amazon price
Canon T7:
Check Amazon price

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you are interested in seeing how other cameras pair up, just make a corresponding selection in the search boxes below. There is also a set of direct links to comparison reviews that other users of the CAM-parator app explored.

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    Specifications: Canon SX430 vs Canon T7

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Canon SX430 Canon T7
    Camera Type Fixed lens compact camera Digital single lens reflex
    Camera Lens 24-1080mm f/3.5-6.6 Canon EF mount lenses
    Launch Date January 2017 February 2018
    Launch Price USD 299 USD 449
    Sensor Specs Canon SX430 Canon T7
    Sensor Technology CCD CMOS
    Sensor Format 1/2.3" Sensor APS-C Sensor
    Sensor Size 6.17 x 4.55 mm 22.3 x 14.9 mm
    Sensor Area 28.0735 mm2 332.27 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 7.7 mm 26.8 mm
    Crop Factor 5.6x 1.6x
    Sensor Resolution 19.9 Megapixels 24 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 5152 x 3864 pixels 6000 x 4000 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 1.19 μm 3.72 μm
    Pixel Density 70.91 MP/cm2 7.22 MP/cm2
    Moiré control no AA filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability 720/25p Video 1080/30p Video
    ISO Setting 100 - 1,600 ISO 100 - 6,400 ISO
    ISO Boost no Enhancement 100 - 12,800 ISO
    Image Processor DIGIC 4+ DIGIC 4+
    Screen Specs Canon SX430 Canon T7
    Viewfinder Type no viewfinder Optical viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 95%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.50x
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0inch 3.0inch
    LCD Resolution 230k dots 920k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Fixed screen
    Shooting Specs Canon SX430 Canon T7
    Focus System Contrast-detect AF Phase-detect AF
    Continuous Shooting 0.5 shutter flaps/s 3 shutter flaps/s
    Fill Flash Build-in Flash Build-in Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    UHS card support no no
    Connectivity Specs Canon SX430 Canon T7
    External Flash no Hotshoe Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port no HDMI mini HDMI
    Wifi Support Wifi built-in Wifi built-in
    Near-Field Communication NFC built-in NFC built-in
    Body Specs Canon SX430 Canon T7
    Battery Type NB-11LH LP-E10
    Battery Life (CIPA)195 shots per charge500 shots per charge
    Body Dimensions 104 x 69 x 85 mm
    (4.1 x 2.7 x 3.3 in)
    129 x 101 x 78 mm
    (5.1 x 4.0 x 3.1 in)
    Camera Weight 323 g (11.4 oz) 475 g (16.8 oz)

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