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Canon SX410 vs Nikon D3400

The Canon PowerShot SX410 IS and the Nikon D3400 are two digital cameras that were officially introduced, respectively, in February 2015 and August 2016. The SX410 is a fixed lens compact, while the D3400 is a DSLR. The cameras are based on a 1/2.3-inch (SX410) and an APS-C (D3400) sensor. The Canon has a resolution of 19.9 megapixels, whereas the Nikon provides 24 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Canon SX410
versus
Nikon D3400
Canon SX410   Nikon D3400
Fixed lens compact camera Digital single lens reflex
24-960mm f/3.5-5.6 Nikon F mount lenses
19.9 MP, 1/2.3" Sensor 24 MP, APS-C Sensor
720/30p Video 1080/60p Video
ISO 100-1,600 ISO 100-25,600
No viewfinder, LCD framing Optical viewfinder
3.0 LCD, 230k dots 3.0 LCD, 921k dots
Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive) Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive)
0.5 shutter flaps per second 5 shutter flaps per second
185 shots per battery charge1200 shots per battery charge
104 x 69 x 85 mm, 325 g 124 x 98 x 76 mm, 445 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Canon PowerShot SX410 IS and the Nikon D3400? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The side-by-side display below illustrates the physical size and weight of the Canon SX410 and the Nikon D3400. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three consecutive views from the front, the top, and the rear side are shown. All width, height and depth dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

Both cameras are available in two different colors (black, red).

Size Canon SX410 vs Nikon D3400
Compare SX410 versus D3400 top
Comparison SX410 or D3400 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Nikon D3400 is considerably larger (69 percent) than the Canon SX410. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the SX410 nor the D3400 are weather-sealed.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete and possibly misleading, as the SX410 has a lens built in, whereas the D3400 is an interchangeable lens camera that requires a separate lens. Attaching the latter will add extra weight and bulk to the setup. You can compare the optics available for the D3400 and their specifications in the Nikon Lens Catalog.

Concerning battery life, the SX410 gets 185 shots out of its NB-11LH battery, while the D3400 can take 1200 images on a single charge of its EN-EL14a power pack.

The adjacent table lists the principal physical characteristics of the two cameras alongside a wider set of alternatives. If you would like to visualize and compare a different camera combination, you can navigate to the CAM-parator app and make your selection from a broad list of cameras there.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon SX410 104 mm 69 mm 85 mm 325 g 185 n Feb 2015 279i
2.
 
Nikon D3400 124 mm 98 mm 76 mm 445 g 1200 n Aug 2016 499i
3.
 
Canon SX430 104 mm 69 mm 85 mm 323 g 195 n Jan 2017 299 i
4.
 
Canon SX730 110 mm 64 mm 40 mm 300 g 250 n Apr 2017 399i
5.
 
Canon G7 X Mark II 106 mm 61 mm 42 mm 319 g 265 n Feb 2016 699i
6.
 
Canon SX420 104 mm 69 mm 85 mm 325 g 195 n Jan 2016 299i
7.
 
Canon SX620 97 mm 57 mm 28 mm 182 g 295 n May 2016 279 i
8.
 
Canon SX720 110 mm 64 mm 36 mm 270 g 250 n Feb 2016 379i
9.
 
Canon G5 X 112 mm 76 mm 44 mm 353 g 210 n Oct 2015 799i
10.
 
Canon SX610 105 mm 61 mm 27 mm 191 g 270 n Jan 2015 249i
11.
 
Canon SX710 113 mm 66 mm 35 mm 269 g 230 n Jan 2015 349i
12.
 
Canon SX400 104 mm 69 mm 80 mm 313 g 190 n Jul 2014 249i
13.
 
Nikon D3500 124 mm 97 mm 70 mm 365 g 1550 n Aug 2018 429 i
14.
 
Nikon D5600 124 mm 97 mm 70 mm 465 g 970 n Nov 2016 699 i
15.
 
Nikon D5500 124 mm 97 mm 70 mm 420 g 820 n Jan 2015 899i
16.
 
Nikon D3300 124 mm 98 mm 76 mm 430 g 700 n Jan 2014 499i
17.
 
Nikon D3200 125 mm 96 mm 77 mm 505 g 540 n Apr 2012 599i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

The price is, of course, an important factor in any camera decision. The retail prices at the time of the camera’s release place the model in the market relative to other models in the producer’s line-up and the competition. The SX410 was launched at a lower price than the D3400, despite having a lens built in. Normally, street prices remain initially close to the MSRP, but after a couple of months, the first discounts appear. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

Sensor comparison

The size of the imaging sensor is a crucial determinant of image quality. All other things equal, a large sensor will have larger individual pixel-units that offer better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be associated with larger, more expensive camera bodies and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Canon SX410 features a 1/2.3-inch sensor and the Nikon D3400 an APS-C sensor. The sensor area in the D3400 is 1211 percent bigger. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 5.6 and 1.5. The sensor in the SX410 has a native 4:3 aspect ratio, while the one in the D3400 offers a 3:2 aspect.

Canon SX410 and Nikon D3400 sensor measures

With 24MP, the D3400 offers a higher resolution than the SX410 (19.9MP), but the D3400 nevertheless has larger individual pixels (pixel pitch of 3.91μm versus 1.19μm for the SX410) due to its larger sensor. Moreover, the D3400 is a somewhat more recent model (by 1 year and 6 months) than the SX410, and its sensor might have benefitted from technological advances during this time that further enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixel-units. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that neither of the two cameras has an anti-alias filter installed, so they are able to capture all the detail the sensor resolves.

The resolution advantage of the Nikon D3400 implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the D3400 for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 30 x 20 inches or 76.2 x 50.8 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 24 x 16 inches or 61 x 40.6 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 20 x 13.3 inches or 50.8 x 33.9 cm. The corresponding values for the Canon SX410 are 25.8 x 19.3 inches or 65.4 x 49.1 cm for good quality, 20.6 x 15.5 inches or 52.3 x 39.3 cm for very good quality, and 17.2 x 12.9 inches or 43.6 x 32.7 cm for excellent quality prints.

The Canon PowerShot SX410 IS has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 1600. The corresponding ISO settings for the Nikon D3400 are ISO 100 to ISO 25600 (no boost).

SX410 versus D3400 MP

For many cameras, data on sensor performance has been reported by DXO Mark. This service determines an overall sensor rating, as well as sub-scores for low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and color depth ("DXO Portrait"). The table below summarizes the physical sensor characteristics and sensor quality findings and compares them across a set of similar cameras.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Canon SX410 1/2.3 19.9 5152 3864720/30p........
2.
 
Nikon D3400 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p24.813.9119286
3.
 
Canon SX430 1/2.3 19.9 5152 3864720/25p........
4.
 
Canon SX730 1/2.3 20.2 5184 38881080/60p........
5.
 
Canon G7 X Mark II 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p........
6.
 
Canon SX420 1/2.3 19.9 5152 3864720/25p........
7.
 
Canon SX620 1/2.3 20.2 5184 38881080/30p........
8.
 
Canon SX720 1/2.3 20.2 5184 38881080/60p........
9.
 
Canon G5 X 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p........
10.
 
Canon SX610 1/2.3 20.2 5184 38881080/30p........
11.
 
Canon SX710 1/2.3 20.2 5184 38881080/60p........
12.
 
Canon SX400 1/2.3 15.9 4608 3456720/30p........
13.
 
Nikon D3500 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p........
14.
 
Nikon D5600 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p24.114.0130684
15.
 
Nikon D5500 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p24.114.0143884
16.
 
Nikon D3300 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p24.312.8138582
17.
 
Nikon D3200 APS-C 24.1 6016 40001080/30p24.113.2113181

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but also of capturing video footage. Both cameras under consideration have a sensor with sufficiently fast read-out times for moving pictures, but the D3400 provides a better video resolution than the SX410. It can shoot movie footage at 1080/60p, while the Canon is limited to 720/30p.

Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. For example, the D3400 has an optical viewfinder, which can be very useful when shooting in bright sunlight. In contrast, the SX410 relies on live view and the rear LCD for framing. The adjacent table lists some of the other core features of the Canon SX410 and Nikon D3400 along with similar information for a selection of comparators.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Specifications
(inch/000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Canon SX410none n3.0 / 230 fixed n 1/4000s 0.5 Y Y
2.
 
Nikon D3400optical n3.0 / 921 fixed n 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
3.
 
Canon SX430none n3.0 / 230 fixed n 1/4000s 0.5 Y Y
4.
 
Canon SX730none n3.0 / 922 tilting n 1/3200s 5.9 Y Y
5.
 
Canon G7 X Mark IInone n3.0 / 1040 tilting Y 1/2000s 8.0 Y Y
6.
 
Canon SX420none n3.0 / 230 fixed n 1/4000s 0.5 Y Y
7.
 
Canon SX620none n3.0 / 922 fixed n 1/2000s 2.5 Y Y
8.
 
Canon SX720none n3.0 / 922 fixed n 1/3200s 5.9 Y Y
9.
 
Canon G5 X2360 n3.0 / 1040 swivel Y 1/2000s 5.9 Y Y
10.
 
Canon SX610none n3.0 / 922 fixed n 1/2000s 2.5 Y Y
11.
 
Canon SX710none n3.0 / 922 fixed n 1/3200s 6.0 Y Y
12.
 
Canon SX400none n3.0 / 230 fixed n 1/1600s 0.8 Y Y
13.
 
Nikon D3500optical n3.0 / 921 fixed n 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
14.
 
Nikon D5600optical n3.2 / 1037 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
15.
 
Nikon D5500optical n3.2 / 1037 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
16.
 
Nikon D3300optical n3.0 / 921 fixed n 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
17.
 
Nikon D3200optical n3.0 / 921 fixed n 1/4000s 4.0 Y n

Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the SX410 and the D3400 write their files to SDXC cards. The D3400 supports UHS-I cards (Ultra High Speed data transfer of up to 104 MB/s), while the SX410 cannot take advantage of Ultra High Speed SD cards.

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Canon PowerShot SX410 IS and Nikon D3400 and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Mic / Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Canon SX410-stereo / mono---2.0---
2.
 
Nikon D3400Ymono / mono--mini2.0--Y
3.
 
Canon SX430-mono / mono---2.0YY-
4.
 
Canon SX730-stereo / mono--micro2.0YYY
5.
 
Canon G7 X Mark II-stereo / mono--micro2.0YY-
6.
 
Canon SX420-mono / mono---2.0YY-
7.
 
Canon SX620-mono / mono--micro2.0YY-
8.
 
Canon SX720-stereo / mono--micro2.0YY-
9.
 
Canon G5 XYstereo / mono--mini2.0YY-
10.
 
Canon SX610-- / ---micro2.0YY-
11.
 
Canon SX710-stereo / mono--micro2.0YY-
12.
 
Canon SX400-stereo / mono---2.0---
13.
 
Nikon D3500Ymono / mono--mini2.0--Y
14.
 
Nikon D5600Ystereo / monoY-mini2.0YYY
15.
 
Nikon D5500Ystereo / monoY-mini2.0Y--
16.
 
Nikon D3300Ymono / monoY-mini2.0---
17.
 
Nikon D3200Ymono / monoY-mini2.0---

It is notable that the D3400 has a hotshoe, which makes it possible to easily attach optional accessories, such as an external flash gun. The SX410 does not feature such an accessory-socket.

Both the SX410 and the D3400 have been discontinued, but can regularly be found used on eBay. The SX410 was replaced by the Canon SX420, while the D3400 was followed by the Nikon D3500. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Canon and Nikon websites.

Review summary

So how do things add up? Is there a clear favorite between the Canon SX410 and the Nikon D3400? Which camera is better? A synthesis of the relative strong points of each of the models is listed below.

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Advantages of the Canon PowerShot SX410 IS:

  • Ready to shoot: Comes with a built-in lens, while the D3400 requires a separate lens.
  • More compact: Is smaller (104x69mm vs 124x98mm) and thus needs less room in the bag.
  • Less heavy: Is lighter even though it comes with a built-in lens (unlike the D3400).
  • Sharper images: Has hand-shake reducing image stabilization built-in.
  • More affordable: Was introduced at a lower price, despite coming with a built-in lens.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been on the market for longer (launched in February 2015).

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Arguments in favor of the Nikon D3400:

  • More detail: Has more megapixels (24 vs 19.9MP), which boosts linear resolution by 12%.
  • Better image quality: Is equipped with a larger and more technologically advanced sensor.
  • Richer colors: The sensor size advantage translates into images with better, more accurate colors.
  • More dynamic range: Larger sensor captures a wider spectrum of light and dark details.
  • Better low-light sensitivity: Larger sensor produces good images even in poorly lit environments.
  • Better video: Provides higher definition movie capture (1080/60p vs 720/30p).
  • Easier framing: Has an optical viewfinder for image composition and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (921k vs 230k dots).
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (5 vs 0.5 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • More flexible: Makes it possible to change lenses and thus to use specialty optics.
  • Longer lasting: Gets more shots (1200 versus 185) out of a single battery charge.
  • Better lighting: Features a hotshoe and can thus hold and trigger an external flash gun.
  • Easier wireless transfer: Supports Bluetooth for image sharing without cables.
  • Faster buffer clearing: Has an SD card interface that supports the UHS-I standard.
  • More modern: Was introduced somewhat (1 year and 6 months) more recently.

If the count of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a measure, the D3400 is the clear winner of the contest (15 : 6 points). However, the pertinence of the various camera strengths will differ across photographers, so that you might want to weigh individual camera traits according to their importance for your own imaging needs before making a camera decision. A professional wildlife photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a family photog, and a person interested in architecture has distinct needs from a sports shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

SX410 06:15 D3400

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Canon SX410 and the Nikon D3400 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best Superzoom Camera and Best DSLR Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the comparison of technical specifications can provide a useful overview of the capabilities of different cameras, it says little about, for example, the shooting experience and imaging performance of the SX410 and the D3400 in practical situations. User reviews that are available, for instance, at amazon can sometimes shed light on these issues, but such feedback is all too often partial, inconsistent, and inaccurate.

Expert reviews

This is where reviews by experts come in. The following table reports the overall ratings of the cameras as published by some of the major camera review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], digitalcameraworld [DCW], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DCW 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon SX410..o........ Feb 2015 279i
2.
 
Nikon D34004/5+4/576/1004/54.5/5 Aug 2016 499i
3.
 
Canon SX430........3.5/53.5/5 Jan 2017 299 i
4.
 
Canon SX730..+....4/54/5 Apr 2017 399i
5.
 
Canon G7 X Mark II4.5/5+ +..81/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2016 699i
6.
 
Canon SX420..........3/5 Jan 2016 299i
7.
 
Canon SX620..........4/5 May 2016 279 i
8.
 
Canon SX720..+....4/54.5/5 Feb 2016 379i
9.
 
Canon G5 X5/5+ +..78/1004.5/54.5/5 Oct 2015 799i
10.
 
Canon SX610........4/54/5 Jan 2015 249i
11.
 
Canon SX710..+....4/53.5/5 Jan 2015 349i
12.
 
Canon SX400..+........ Jul 2014 249i
13.
 
Nikon D3500....4/575/1004/54.5/5 Aug 2018 429 i
14.
 
Nikon D56004/5..4/579/1004.5/54/5 Nov 2016 699 i
15.
 
Nikon D55005/5+..79/1004.5/54.5/5 Jan 2015 899i
16.
 
Nikon D33003/5+..77/1004.5/54.5/5 Jan 2014 499i
17.
 
Nikon D32005/5+ +..73/1004.5/54.5/5 Apr 2012 599i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

The review scores listed above should be treated with care, though. The ratings were established in reference to similarly priced cameras that were available in the market at the time of the review. A score, therefore, has to be seen in close connection to the price and market introduction time of the camera, and comparing ratings of very distinct cameras or ones that are far apart in terms of their release date have little meaning. Also, please note that some of the review sites have changed their methodology and reporting over time.

Canon SX410:
Check Ebay offers
Nikon D3400:
Check Ebay offers

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you would like to check on the differences and similarities of other camera models, just make your choice using the following search menu. There is also a set of direct links to comparison reviews that other users of the CAM-parator app explored.

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    Specifications: Canon SX410 vs Nikon D3400

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Canon SX410 Nikon D3400
    Camera Type Fixed lens compact camera Digital single lens reflex
    Camera Lens 24-960mm f/3.5-5.6 Nikon F mount lenses
    Launch Date February 2015 August 2016
    Launch Price USD 279 USD 499
    Sensor Specs Canon SX410 Nikon D3400
    Sensor Technology CCD CMOS
    Sensor Format 1/2.3" Sensor APS-C Sensor
    Sensor Size 6.17 x 4.55 mm 23.5 x 15.6 mm
    Sensor Area 28.0735 mm2 366.6 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 7.7 mm 28.2 mm
    Crop Factor 5.6x 1.5x
    Sensor Resolution 19.9 Megapixels 24 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 5152 x 3864 pixels 6000 x 4000 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 1.19 μm 3.91 μm
    Pixel Density 70.91 MP/cm2 6.55 MP/cm2
    Moiré control no AA filter no AA filter
    Movie Capability 720/30p Video 1080/60p Video
    ISO Setting 100 - 1,600 ISO 100 - 25,600 ISO
    Image Processor DIGIC 4+ EXPEED 4
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) .. 86
    DXO Color Depth (bits) .. 24.8
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) .. 13.9
    DXO Low Light (ISO) .. 1192
    Screen Specs Canon SX410 Nikon D3400
    Viewfinder Type no viewfinder Optical viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 95%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.57x
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0inch 3.0inch
    LCD Resolution 230k dots 921k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Fixed screen
    Shooting Specs Canon SX410 Nikon D3400
    Focus System Contrast-detect AF Phase-detect AF
    Continuous Shooting 0.5 shutter flaps/s 5 shutter flaps/s
    Fill Flash Built-in Flash Built-in Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    UHS card support no UHS-I
    Connectivity Specs Canon SX410 Nikon D3400
    External Flash no Hotshoe Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port no HDMI mini HDMI
    Wifi Support no Wifi no Wifi
    Bluetooth Support no Bluetooth Bluetooth built-in
    Body Specs Canon SX410 Nikon D3400
    Battery Type NB-11LH EN-EL14a
    Battery Life (CIPA)185 shots per charge1200 shots per charge
    Body Dimensions 104 x 69 x 85 mm
    (4.1 x 2.7 x 3.3 in)
    124 x 98 x 76 mm
    (4.9 x 3.9 x 3.0 in)
    Camera Weight 325 g (11.5 oz) 445 g (15.7 oz)

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