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Canon M5 vs Leica M10-P

The Canon EOS M5 and the Leica M10-P are two digital cameras that were officially introduced, respectively, in September 2016 and August 2018. The M5 is a mirrorless interchangeable lens camera, while the M10-P is a rangefinder-style mirrorless. The cameras are based on an APS-C (M5) and a full frame (M10-P) sensor. The Canon has a resolution of 24 megapixels, whereas the Leica provides 23.8 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Canon M5 versus Leica M10-P
Canon M5 Leica M10-P
Mirrorless system camera Rangefinder camera
Canon EF-M mount lenses Leica M mount lenses
24 MP, APS-C Sensor 23.8 MP, Full Frame Sensor
1080/60p Video no Video
ISO 100-25,600 ISO 100-50,000
Electronic viewfinder (2360k dots) Optical viewfinder
3.2 LCD, 1620k dots 3.0 LCD, 1037k dots
Tilting touchscreen Fixed touchscreen
9 shutter flaps per second 5 shutter flaps per second
not weather sealedWeathersealed body
295 shots per battery charge210 shots per battery charge
116 x 89 x 61 mm, 427 g 139 x 80 x 39 mm, 660 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Canon EOS M5 and the Leica M10-P? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The side-by-side display below illustrates the physical size and weight of the Canon M5 and the Leica M10-P. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three successive views from the front, the top, and the rear are shown. All width, height and depth dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

The M10-P can be obtained in two different colors (black, silver), while the M5 is only available in black.

Size Canon M5 vs Leica M10-P
Compare M5 versus M10-P top
Comparison M5 or M10-P rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Leica M10-P is notably larger (8 percent) than the Canon M5. Moreover, the M10-P is substantially heavier (55 percent) than the M5. It is noteworthy in this context that the M10-P is splash and dust-proof, while the M5 does not feature any corresponding weather-sealing.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete since they do not consider the interchangeable lenses that both of these cameras require. Hence, you might want to study and compare the specifications of available lenses in order to get the full picture of the size and weight of the two camera systems.

The following table provides a synthesis of the main physical specifications of the two cameras and other similar ones. In case you want to display and compare another camera duo, you can use the CAM-parator app to select your camera combination among a large number of options.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon M5 116 mm 89 mm 61 mm 427 g 295 n Sep 2016 979 i
2.
 
Leica M10-P 139 mm 80 mm 39 mm 660 g 210 Y Aug 2018 7,995 i
3.
 
Canon M50 116 mm 88 mm 59 mm 390 g 235 n Feb 2018 779i
4.
 
Canon 77D 131 mm 100 mm 76 mm 540 g 600 n Feb 2017 899 i
5.
 
Canon M6 112 mm 68 mm 45 mm 390 g 295 n Feb 2017 779i
6.
 
Canon M100 108 mm 67 mm 35 mm 302 g 295 n Aug 2017 499i
7.
 
Canon SL2 122 mm 93 mm 70 mm 453 g 650 n Jun 2017 549i
8.
 
Canon M3 111 mm 68 mm 44 mm 366 g 250 n Feb 2015 679i
9.
 
Canon M10 108 mm 67 mm 35 mm 301 g 255 n Oct 2015 499i
10.
 
Canon T6i 132 mm 101 mm 78 mm 555 g 440 n Feb 2015 749i
11.
 
Canon T6s 132 mm 101 mm 78 mm 565 g 440 n Feb 2015 649i
12.
 
Leica M10-R 139 mm 80 mm 39 mm 660 g 210 Y Jul 2020 8,295 i
13.
 
Leica M-E Typ 240 139 mm 80 mm 42 mm 680 g .. Y Jun 2019 3,999 i
14.
 
Leica M10 139 mm 80 mm 39 mm 660 g 210 Y Jan 2017 6,595 i
15.
 
Leica M Typ 262 139 mm 80 mm 42 mm 680 g .. Y Nov 2015 5,195i
16.
 
Leica M Typ 240 139 mm 80 mm 42 mm 680 g .. Y Sep 2012 6,950i
17.
 
Nikon D5500 124 mm 97 mm 70 mm 420 g 820 n Jan 2015 899i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will naturally be influenced heavily by the price. The listed launch prices provide an indication of the market segment that the manufacturer of the cameras have been targeting. The M5 was launched at a markedly lower price (by 88 percent) than the M10-P, which puts it into a different market segment. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

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Sensor comparison

The size of the imaging sensor is a crucial determinant of image quality. A large sensor will generally have larger individual pixels that offer better low-light sensitivity, provide wider dynamic range, and have richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors are more costly to manufacture and tend to lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Canon M5 features an APS-C sensor and the Leica M10-P a full frame sensor. The sensor area in the M10-P is 158 percent bigger. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 1.6 and 1.0. Both cameras have a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 3:2.

Technology-wise, both cameras are equipped with CMOS (Complementary Metal–Oxide–Semiconductor) sensors.

Canon M5 and Leica M10-P sensor measures

Despite having a smaller sensor, the Canon M5 offers a higher resolution of 24 megapixels, compared with 23.8 MP of the Leica M10-P. This megapixels advantage comes at the cost of a higher pixel density and a smaller size of the individual pixel (with a pixel pitch of 3.72μm versus 6.00μm for the M10-P). Moreover, it should be noted that the M10-P is a somewhat more recent model (by 1 year and 11 months) than the M5, and its sensor might have benefitted from technological advances during this time that further enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixel-units. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that the M10-P has no anti-alias filter installed, so that it can capture all the detail its sensor resolves.

The M5 has on-sensor phase detect pixels, which results in fast and reliable autofocus acquisition even during live view operation.

The Canon EOS M5 has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 25600. The corresponding ISO settings for the Leica M10-P are ISO 100 to ISO 50000 (no boost).

M5 versus M10-P MP

Consistent information on actual sensor performance is available from DXO Mark for many cameras. This service determines an overall sensor rating, as well as sub-scores for low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and color depth ("DXO Portrait"). The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Canon M5 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.412.4126277
2.
 
Leica M10-P Full Frame 23.8 5952 3992none........
3.
 
Canon M50 APS-C 24.0 6000 40004K/24p........
4.
 
Canon 77D APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.613.397178
5.
 
Canon M6 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p........
6.
 
Canon M100 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.512.9127278
7.
 
Canon SL2 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.613.4104179
8.
 
Canon M3 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p22.811.8116972
9.
 
Canon M10 APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p22.211.475365
10.
 
Canon T6i APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p22.712.091971
11.
 
Canon T6s APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p22.612.091570
12.
 
Leica M10-R Full Frame 40.9 7864 5200none........
13.
 
Leica M-E Typ 240 Full Frame 23.7 5952 39761080/25p........
14.
 
Leica M10 Full Frame 23.8 5952 3992none24.413.2213386
15.
 
Leica M Typ 262 Full Frame 23.7 5952 3976none........
16.
 
Leica M Typ 240 Full Frame 23.7 5952 39761080/25p24.013.3186084
17.
 
Nikon D5500 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p24.114.0143884

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but also of capturing video footage. The M5 indeed provides movie recording capabilities, while the M10-P does not. The highest resolution format that the M5 can use is 1080/60p.

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Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. For example, the M5 has an electronic viewfinder (2360k dots), while the M10-P has an optical one. Both systems have their advantages, with the electronic viewfinder making it possible to project supplementary shooting information into the framing view, whereas the optical viewfinder offers lag-free viewing and a very clear framing image. The following table reports on some other key feature differences and similarities of the Canon M5, the Leica M10-P, and comparable cameras.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
(000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Canon M52360 n 3.2 1620 tilting Y 1/4000s 9.0 Y n
2.
 
Leica M10-Poptical n 3.0 1037 fixed Y 1/4000s 5.0 n n
3.
 
Canon M502360 n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 10.0 Y n
4.
 
Canon 77Doptical Y 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 6.0 Y n
5.
 
Canon M6optional n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 9.0 Y n
6.
 
Canon M100none n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 6.1 Y n
7.
 
Canon SL2optical n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
8.
 
Canon M3optional n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 4.2 Y n
9.
 
Canon M10none n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 4.6 Y n
10.
 
Canon T6ioptical n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
11.
 
Canon T6soptical Y 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
12.
 
Leica M10-Roptical n 3.0 1037 fixed Y 1/4000s 4.5 n n
13.
 
Leica M-E Typ 240optical n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 n n
14.
 
Leica M10optical n 3.0 1037 fixed n 1/4000s 5.0 n n
15.
 
Leica M Typ 262optical n 3.0 921 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 n n
16.
 
Leica M Typ 240optical n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 n n
17.
 
Nikon D5500optical n 3.2 1037 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n

One difference between the cameras concerns the presence of an on-board flash. The M5 has one, while the M10-P does not. While the built-in flash of the M5 is not very powerful, it can at times be useful as a fill-in light.

The M5 has an articulated LCD that can be turned to be front-facing. This characteristic will be appreciated by vloggers and photographers who are interested in snapping selfies. In contrast, the M10-P does not have a selfie-screen.

The Leica M10-P has an intervalometer built-in. This enables the photographer to capture time lapse sequences, such as flower blooming, a sunset or moon rise, without purchasing an external camera trigger and related software.

Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the M5 and the M10-P write their files to SDXC cards. Both cameras can use UHS-I cards, which provide for Ultra High Speed data transfer of up to 104 MB/s.

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Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Canon EOS M5 and Leica M10-P and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Canon M5YstereomonoY-mini2.0YYY
2.
 
Leica M10-PY------Y--
3.
 
Canon M50YstereomonoY-micro2.0Y-Y
4.
 
Canon 77DYstereomonoY-mini2.0YYY
5.
 
Canon M6YstereomonoY-mini2.0YYY
6.
 
Canon M100-stereomono--micro2.0YYY
7.
 
Canon SL2YstereomonoY-mini2.0YYY
8.
 
Canon M3YstereomonoY-mini2.0YY-
9.
 
Canon M10-stereomono--mini2.0YY-
10.
 
Canon T6iYstereomonoY-mini2.0YY-
11.
 
Canon T6sYstereomonoY-mini2.0YY-
12.
 
Leica M10-RY------Y--
13.
 
Leica M-E Typ 240Ymono----2.0---
14.
 
Leica M10Y------Y--
15.
 
Leica M Typ 262Y-----2.0---
16.
 
Leica M Typ 240Ystereomono---2.0---
17.
 
Nikon D5500YstereomonoY-mini2.0Y--

Both the M5 and the M10-P are recent models that are part of the current product line-up. The M10-P replaced the earlier Leica M9-P, while the M5 does not have a direct predecessor. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Canon and Leica websites.

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Review summary

So what conclusions can be drawn? Which of the two cameras – the Canon M5 or the Leica M10-P – has the upper hand? Is one clearly better than the other? Below is a summary of the relative strengths of each of the two contestants.

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Reasons to prefer the Canon EOS M5:

  • Better moiré control: Has an anti-alias filter to avoid artificial patterns to appear in images.
  • Broader imaging potential: Can record not only still images but also 1080/60p movies.
  • Better live-view autofocus: Features on-sensor phase-detection for more confident autofocus.
  • More framing info: Has an electronic viewfinder that displays shooting data.
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.2" vs 3.0") for image review and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (1620k vs 1037k dots).
  • More flexible LCD: Has a tilting screen for odd-angle shots in landscape orientation.
  • More selfie-friendly: Has an articulated screen that can be turned to be front-facing.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (9 vs 5 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Less heavy: Is lighter (by 233g or 35 percent) and hence easier to carry around.
  • Longer lasting: Can take more shots (295 versus 210) on a single battery charge.
  • Easier fill-in: Is equipped with a small onboard flash to brighten deep shadow areas.
  • Easier device pairing: Supports NFC for fast wireless image transfer over short distances.
  • Easier wireless transfer: Supports Bluetooth for image sharing without cables.
  • More affordable: Was introduced into a lower priced category (88 percent cheaper at launch).
  • More heavily discounted: Has been on the market for longer (launched in September 2016).

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Arguments in favor of the Leica M10-P:

  • Maximized detail: Lacks an anti-alias filter to exploit the sensor's full resolution potential.
  • Better image quality: Is equipped with a larger and more technologically advanced sensor.
  • Richer colors: The sensor size advantage translates into images with better, more accurate colors.
  • More dynamic range: Larger sensor captures a wider spectrum of light and dark details.
  • Better low-light sensitivity: Larger sensor produces good images even in poorly lit environments.
  • Brighter framing: Features an optical viewfinder for clear, lag-free composition.
  • Easier time-lapse photography: Has an intervalometer built-in for low frequency shooting.
  • Better sealing: Is splash and dust sealed for shooting in inclement weather conditions.
  • More prestigious: Has the Leica luxury appeal, which ensures a high resale value.
  • More modern: Was introduced somewhat (1 year and 11 months) more recently.

If the number of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the M5 is the clear winner of the match-up (16 : 10 points). However, the relevance of individual strengths will vary across photographers, so that you might want to apply your own weighing scheme to the summary points when reflecting and deciding on a new camera. A professional wildlife photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a family photog, and a person interested in architecture has distinct needs from a sports shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

M5 16:10 M10-P

In any case, while the specs-based evaluation of cameras can be instructive in revealing their potential as photographic tools, it remains partial and cannot reveal, for example, the shooting experience and imaging performance when actually working with the M5 or the M10-P. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.

Expert reviews

This is why expert reviews are important. The table below provides a synthesis of the camera assessments of some of the best known photo-gear review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon M54/5+82/1004/54/5 Sep 2016 979 i
2.
 
Leica M10-P........4/5 Aug 2018 7,995 i
3.
 
Canon M50..+79/100..3.5/5 Feb 2018 779i
4.
 
Canon 77D4.5/5..82/1004.5/54/5 Feb 2017 899 i
5.
 
Canon M6....80/1004/54/5 Feb 2017 779i
6.
 
Canon M1003/5+..4/53.5/5 Aug 2017 499i
7.
 
Canon SL24/5+ +78/1004.5/54.5/5 Jun 2017 549i
8.
 
Canon M34/5o75/1004.5/54/5 Feb 2015 679i
9.
 
Canon M10........4/5 Oct 2015 499i
10.
 
Canon T6i5/5..75/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2015 749i
11.
 
Canon T6s5/5+77/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2015 649i
12.
 
Leica M10-R4.5/5......4/5 Jul 2020 8,295 i
13.
 
Leica M-E Typ 240.......... Jun 2019 3,999 i
14.
 
Leica M104.5/5....4/54.5/5 Jan 2017 6,595 i
15.
 
Leica M Typ 262.......... Nov 2015 5,195i
16.
 
Leica M Typ 2404/5....4/5.. Sep 2012 6,950i
17.
 
Nikon D55005/5+79/1004.5/54.5/5 Jan 2015 899i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The ratings were established in reference to similarly priced cameras that were available in the market at the time of the review. Hence, a score should always be seen in the context of the camera's market launch date and its price, and comparing ratings of very distinct cameras or ones that are far apart in terms of their release date have little meaning. It should also be noted that some of the review sites have over time altered the way they render their verdicts.

Canon M5:
Check Amazon price
Leica M10-P:
Check Amazon price

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you are interested in seeing how other cameras pair up, just make your choice using the following search menu. Alternatively, you can follow any of the listed hyperlinks for comparisons that others found interesting.

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    Specifications: Canon M5 vs Leica M10-P

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Canon M5 Leica M10-P
    Camera Type Mirrorless system camera Rangefinder camera
    Camera Lens Canon EF-M mount lenses Leica M mount lenses
    Launch Date September 2016 August 2018
    Launch Price USD 979 USD 7,995
    Sensor Specs Canon M5 Leica M10-P
    Sensor Technology CMOS CMOS
    Sensor Format APS-C Sensor Full Frame Sensor
    Sensor Size 22.3 x 14.9 mm 35.8 x 23.9 mm
    Sensor Area 332.27 mm2 855.62 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 26.8 mm 43 mm
    Crop Factor 1.6x 1.0x
    Sensor Resolution 24 Megapixels 23.8 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 6000 x 4000 pixels 5952 x 3992 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 3.72 μm 6.00 μm
    Pixel Density 7.22 MP/cm2 2.78 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter no AA filter
    Movie Capability 1080/60p Video no Video
    ISO Setting 100 - 25,600 ISO 100 - 50,000 ISO
    Image Processor DIGIC 7 Maestro II
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) 77 ..
    DXO Color Depth (bits) 23.4 ..
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) 12.4 ..
    DXO Low Light (ISO) 1262 ..
    Screen Specs Canon M5 Leica M10-P
    Viewfinder Type Electronic viewfinder Optical viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 100% 100%
    Viewfinder Magnification .. x 0.73x
    Viewfinder Resolution 2360k dots
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.2inch 3.0inch
    LCD Resolution 1620k dots 1037k dots
    LCD Attachment Tilting screen Fixed screen
    Touch Input Touchscreen Touchscreen
    Shooting Specs Canon M5 Leica M10-P
    Focus System On-Sensor Phase-detect Manual Focus
    Manual Focusing AidFocus PeakingFocus Peaking
    Max Shutter Speed (mechanical) 1/4000s 1/4000s
    Continuous Shooting 9 shutter flaps/s 5 shutter flaps/s
    Time-Lapse Photographyno IntervalometerIntervalometer built-in
    Fill Flash Build-in Flash no On-Board Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    UHS card support UHS-I UHS-I
    Connectivity Specs Canon M5 Leica M10-P
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 no USB
    HDMI Port mini HDMI no HDMI
    Microphone Port External MIC port no MIC socket
    Wifi Support Wifi built-in Wifi built-in
    Near-Field Communication NFC built-in no NFC
    Bluetooth Support Bluetooth built-in no Bluetooth
    Body Specs Canon M5 Leica M10-P
    Environmental Sealingnot weather sealedWeathersealed body
    Battery Type LP-E17 BP-SCL5
    Battery Life (CIPA)295 shots per charge210 shots per charge
    Body Dimensions 116 x 89 x 61 mm
    (4.6 x 3.5 x 2.4 in)
    139 x 80 x 39 mm
    (5.5 x 3.1 x 1.5 in)
    Camera Weight 427 g (15.1 oz) 660 g (23.3 oz)

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