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Canon M10 vs Panasonic GF7

The Canon EOS M10 and the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GF7 are two digital cameras that were announced, respectively, in October 2015 and January 2015. Both the M10 and the GF7 are mirrorless interchangeable lens cameras that are based on an APS-C (M10) and a Four Thirds (GF7) sensor. The Canon has a resolution of 17.9 megapixels, whereas the Panasonic provides 15.8 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Canon M10
versus
Panasonic GF7
Canon M10   Panasonic GF7
Mirrorless system camera Mirrorless system camera
Canon EF-M mount lenses Micro Four Thirds lenses
17.9 MP, APS-C Sensor 15.8 MP, Four Thirds Sensor
1080/30p Video 1080/60p Video
ISO 100-12,800 (100 - 25,600) ISO 200-25,600
No viewfinder, LCD framing No viewfinder, LCD framing
3.0 LCD, 1040k dots 3.0 LCD, 1040k dots
Tilting touchscreen Tilting touchscreen
4.6 shutter flaps per second 5.8 shutter flaps per second
255 shots per battery charge230 shots per battery charge
108 x 67 x 35 mm, 301 g 107 x 65 x 33 mm, 266 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Canon EOS M10 and the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GF7? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The side-by-side display below illustrates the physical size and weight of the Canon M10 and the Panasonic GF7. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three successive views from the front, the top, and the rear are shown. All size dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

The M10 can be obtained in two different colors (black, white), while the GF7 is also available in two color-versions, but different ones (black, pink).

Size Canon M10 vs Panasonic GF7
Compare M10 versus GF7 top
Comparison M10 or GF7 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Panasonic GF7 is somewhat smaller (4 percent) than the Canon M10. Moreover, the GF7 is markedly lighter (12 percent) than the M10. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the M10 nor the GF7 are weather-sealed.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete since they do not consider the interchangeable lenses that both of these cameras require. Hence, you might want to study and compare the specifications of available lenses in order to get the full picture of the size and weight of the two camera systems.

Concerning battery life, the M10 gets 255 shots out of its LP-E12 battery, while the GF7 can take 230 images on a single charge of its DMW-BLH7 power pack.

The adjacent table lists the principal physical characteristics of the two cameras alongside a wider set of alternatives. If you want to switch the focus of the display and review another camera pair, you can move across to the CAM-parator tool and choose from the broad selection of possible camera comparisons there.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon M10 108 mm 67 mm 35 mm 301 g 255 n Oct 2015 499i
2.
 
Panasonic GF7 107 mm 65 mm 33 mm 266 g 230 n Jan 2015 499i
3.
 
Canon M100 108 mm 67 mm 35 mm 302 g 295 n Aug 2017 499i
4.
 
Canon G7 X Mark II 106 mm 61 mm 42 mm 319 g 265 n Feb 2016 699i
5.
 
Canon M5 116 mm 89 mm 61 mm 427 g 295 n Sep 2016 979 i
6.
 
Canon G5 X 112 mm 76 mm 44 mm 353 g 210 n Oct 2015 799i
7.
 
Canon G9 X 98 mm 58 mm 31 mm 209 g 220 n Oct 2015 529i
8.
 
Canon M3 111 mm 68 mm 44 mm 366 g 250 n Feb 2015 679i
9.
 
Canon 1200D 130 mm 100 mm 78 mm 480 g 500 n Feb 2014 449i
10.
 
Canon G7 X 103 mm 60 mm 40 mm 304 g 210 n Sep 2014 699i
11.
 
Canon M 109 mm 66 mm 32 mm 298 g 230 n Jul 2012 599i
12.
 
Panasonic GX800 107 mm 65 mm 33 mm 269 g 210 n Jan 2017 549 i
13.
 
Panasonic G7 125 mm 86 mm 77 mm 410 g 350 n May 2015 649i
14.
 
Panasonic G6 122 mm 85 mm 71 mm 390 g 340 n Apr 2013 599i
15.
 
Panasonic GF6 111 mm 65 mm 38 mm 323 g 340 n Apr 2013 499i
16.
 
Sony A5000 110 mm 63 mm 36 mm 269 g 420 n Jan 2014 449i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will naturally be influenced heavily by the price. The listed launch prices provide an indication of the market segment that the manufacturer of the cameras have been targeting. The two cameras under review were launched at the same price and fall into the same market segment. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

Sensor comparison

The imaging sensor is at the core of digital cameras and its size is one of the main determining factors of image quality. A large sensor will tend to have larger individual pixels that provide better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixel-units in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors are more costly to manufacture and tend to lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Canon M10 features an APS-C sensor and the Panasonic GF7 a Four Thirds sensor. The sensor area in the GF7 is 32 percent smaller. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 1.6 and 2.0. The sensor in the M10 has a native 3:2 aspect ratio, while the one in the GF7 offers a 4:3 aspect.

Canon M10 and Panasonic GF7 sensor measures

With 17.9MP, the M10 offers a higher resolution than the GF7 (15.8MP), but the M10 nevertheless has larger individual pixels (pixel pitch of 4.31μm versus 3.77μm for the GF7) due to its larger sensor. Moreover, the M10 is a somewhat more recent model (by 8 months) than the GF7, and its sensor might have benefitted from technological advances during this time that further enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixels.

The resolution advantage of the Canon M10 implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the M10 for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 25.9 x 17.3 inches or 65.8 x 43.9 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 20.7 x 13.8 inches or 52.7 x 35.1 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 17.3 x 11.5 inches or 43.9 x 29.3 cm. The corresponding values for the Panasonic GF7 are 23 x 17.2 inches or 58.3 x 43.8 cm for good quality, 18.4 x 13.8 inches or 46.7 x 35 cm for very good quality, and 15.3 x 11.5 inches or 38.9 x 29.2 cm for excellent quality prints.

The M10 has on-sensor phase detect pixels, which results in fast and reliable autofocus acquisition even during live view operation.

The Canon EOS M10 has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 12800, which can be extended to ISO 100-25600. The corresponding ISO settings for the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GF7 are ISO 200 to ISO 25600, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 100-25600.

M10 versus GF7 MP

Since 2007, DXO Mark has published sensor performance measurements that have been derived using a consistent methodology. This service assesses and scores the color depth ("DXO Portrait"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports") of camera sensors, and also publishes an overall camera score. The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Canon M10 APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p22.211.475365
2.
 
Panasonic GF7 Four Thirds 15.8 4592 34481080/60p22.712.387470
3.
 
Canon M100 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.512.9127278
4.
 
Canon G7 X Mark II 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p21.811.926062
5.
 
Canon M5 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.412.4126277
6.
 
Canon G5 X 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p21.811.922761
7.
 
Canon G9 X 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p21.512.349563
8.
 
Canon M3 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p22.811.8116972
9.
 
Canon 1200D APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.911.372463
10.
 
Canon G7 X 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p23.012.755671
11.
 
Canon M APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p22.111.282765
12.
 
Panasonic GX800 Four Thirds 15.8 4592 34484K/30p23.213.358673
13.
 
Panasonic G7 Four Thirds 15.8 4592 34484K/30p22.812.490471
14.
 
Panasonic G6 Four Thirds 15.9 4608 34561080/60p21.311.563961
15.
 
Panasonic GF6 Four Thirds 15.8 4592 34481080/60i20.710.662254
16.
 
Sony A5000 APS-C 19.8 5456 36321080/60i23.813.0108979
Note: DXO values in italics represent estimates based on sensor size and age.

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but can also record movies. Both cameras under consideration are equipped with sensors that have a sufficiently high read-out speed for moving images, but the GF7 provides a faster frame rate than the M10. It can shoot movie footage at 1080/60p, while the Canon is limited to 1080/30p.

Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a variety of features. The M10 and the GF7 are similar in the sense that neither of the two has a viewfinder. The images are, thus, framed using live view on the rear LCD. The adjacent table lists some of the other core features of the Canon M10 and Panasonic GF7 along with similar information for a selection of comparators.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Specifications
(inch/000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Canon M10none n3.0 / 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 4.6 Y n
2.
 
Panasonic GF7none n3.0 / 1040 tilting Y 1/500s 5.8 Y n
3.
 
Canon M100none n3.0 / 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 6.1 Y n
4.
 
Canon G7 X Mark IInone n3.0 / 1040 tilting Y 1/2000s 8.0 Y Y
5.
 
Canon M52360 n3.2 / 1620 tilting Y 1/4000s 9.0 Y n
6.
 
Canon G5 X2360 n3.0 / 1040 swivel Y 1/2000s 5.9 Y Y
7.
 
Canon G9 Xnone n3.0 / 1040 fixed Y 1/2000s 6.0 Y Y
8.
 
Canon M3optional n3.0 / 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 4.2 Y n
9.
 
Canon 1200Doptical n3.0 / 460 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
10.
 
Canon G7 Xnone n3.0 / 1040 tilting Y 1/2000s 6.5 Y Y
11.
 
Canon Mnone n3.0 / 1040 fixed Y 1/4000s 4.3 n n
12.
 
Panasonic GX800none n3.0 / 1040 tilting Y 1/500s 10.0 Y n
13.
 
Panasonic G72360 n3.0 / 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 7.0 Y n
14.
 
Panasonic G61440 n3.0 / 1036 swivel Y 1/4000s 7.0 Y n
15.
 
Panasonic GF6none n3.0 / 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 4.2 Y n
16.
 
Sony A5000none n3.0 / 461 tilting n 1/4000s 3.5 Y n
Both cameras have an articulated rear screen that can be turned to be front-facing. This feature will be particularly appreciated by vloggers and photographers who are interested in taking selfies.

The reported shutter speed information refers to the use of the mechanical shutter. Yet, some cameras only have an electronic shutter, while others have an electronic shutter in addition to a mechanical one. In fact, the GF7 is one of those camera that have an additional electronic shutter, which makes completely silent shooting possible. However, this mode is less suitable for photographing moving objects (risk of rolling shutter) or shooting under artificial light sources (risk of flickering).

Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the M10 and the GF7 write their files to SDXC cards. Both cameras can use UHS-I cards, which provide for Ultra High Speed data transfer of up to 104 MB/s.

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Canon EOS M10 and Panasonic Lumix DMC-GF7 and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Mic / Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Canon M10-stereo / mono--mini2.0YY-
2.
 
Panasonic GF7-stereo / mono--micro2.0YY-
3.
 
Canon M100-stereo / mono--micro2.0YYY
4.
 
Canon G7 X Mark II-stereo / mono--micro2.0YY-
5.
 
Canon M5Ystereo / monoY-mini2.0YYY
6.
 
Canon G5 XYstereo / mono--mini2.0YY-
7.
 
Canon G9 X-stereo / mono--micro2.0YY-
8.
 
Canon M3Ystereo / monoY-mini2.0YY-
9.
 
Canon 1200DYmono / mono--mini2.0---
10.
 
Canon G7 X-stereo / mono--micro2.0YY-
11.
 
Canon MYstereo / monoY-mini2.0---
12.
 
Panasonic GX800-stereo / mono--micro2.0Y--
13.
 
Panasonic G7Ystereo / monoY-micro2.0Y--
14.
 
Panasonic G6Ystereo / monoY-mini2.0YY-
15.
 
Panasonic GF6-stereo / mono--mini2.0YY-
16.
 
Sony A5000-stereo / mono--micro2.0YY-

Both the M10 and the GF7 have been discontinued, but can regularly be found used on eBay. The GF7 was replaced by the Panasonic GX850, while the M10 was followed by the Canon M100. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Canon and Panasonic websites.

Review summary

So what is the bottom line? Is the Canon M10 better than the Panasonic GF7 or vice versa? The listing below highlights the relative strengths of the two models.

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Advantages of the Canon EOS M10:

  • More detail: Offers more megapixels (17.9 vs 15.8MP) with a 8% higher linear resolution.
  • Better image quality: Features a larger and more technologically advanced imaging sensor.
  • Richer colors: The sensor size advantage translates into images with better, more accurate colors.
  • More dynamic range: Larger sensor captures a wider spectrum of light and dark details.
  • Better low-light sensitivity: Larger sensor produces good images even in poorly lit environments.
  • Better live-view autofocus: Features on-sensor phase-detection for more confident autofocus.
  • Faster shutter: Has higher mechanical shutter speed (1/4000s vs 1/500s) to freeze action.
  • Longer lasting: Can take more shots (255 versus 230) on a single battery charge.
  • More modern: Is somewhat more recent (announced 8 months after the GF7).

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Arguments in favor of the Panasonic Lumix DMC-GF7:

  • Better video: Provides higher movie framerates (1080/60p versus 1080/30p).
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (5.8 vs 4.6 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Less disturbing: Has an electronic shutter option for completely silent shooting.
  • Less heavy: Has a lower weight (by 35g or 12 percent) and is thus easier to take along.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been on the market for longer (launched in January 2015).

If the count of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a measure, the M10 is the clear winner of the match-up (9 : 5 points). However, the pertinence of the various camera strengths will differ across photographers, so that you might want to weigh individual camera traits according to their importance for your own imaging needs before making a camera decision. A professional wedding photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a travel photog, and a person interested in cityscapes has distinct needs from a macro shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

M10 09:05 GF7

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Canon M10 and the Panasonic GF7 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best Mirrorless Interchangeable Lens Camera listing whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the specs-based evaluation of cameras can be instructive in revealing their potential as photographic tools, it remains partial and cannot reveal, for example, the shooting experience and imaging performance when actually working with the M10 or the GF7. User reviews that are available, for instance, at amazon can sometimes shed light on these issues, but such feedback is all too often partial, inconsistent, and inaccurate.

Expert reviews

This is why hands-on reviews by experts are important. The following table reports the overall ratings of the cameras as published by some of the major camera review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], digitalcameraworld [DCW], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DCW 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon M10..........4/5 Oct 2015 499i
2.
 
Panasonic GF74/5+....4.5/54.5/5 Jan 2015 499i
3.
 
Canon M1003/5+....4/53.5/5 Aug 2017 499i
4.
 
Canon G7 X Mark II4.5/5+ +..81/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2016 699i
5.
 
Canon M54/5+4/582/1004/54/5 Sep 2016 979 i
6.
 
Canon G5 X5/5+ +..78/1004.5/54.5/5 Oct 2015 799i
7.
 
Canon G9 X3.5/5+ +....4.5/54.5/5 Oct 2015 529i
8.
 
Canon M34/5o..75/1004.5/54/5 Feb 2015 679i
9.
 
Canon 1200D3/5+....4/54.5/5 Feb 2014 449i
10.
 
Canon G7 X4/5+ +..77/1004.5/54.5/5 Sep 2014 699i
11.
 
Canon M3/5+....4/54/5 Jul 2012 599i
12.
 
Panasonic GX800..+..76/1004.5/54.5/5 Jan 2017 549 i
13.
 
Panasonic G74/5+ +..80/1005/54.5/5 May 2015 649i
14.
 
Panasonic G64/5+ +....5/54.5/5 Apr 2013 599i
15.
 
Panasonic GF6..+ +....4.5/54.5/5 Apr 2013 499i
16.
 
Sony A50003/5+....4.5/54.5/5 Jan 2014 449i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

The review scores listed above should be treated with care, though. The ratings were established in reference to similarly priced cameras that were available in the market at the time of the review. Thus, a score needs to be put into the context of the launch date and the launch price of the camera, and rating-comparisons among cameras that span long time periods or concern very differently equipped models make little sense. It should also be noted that some of the review sites have over time altered the way they render their verdicts.

Canon M10:
Check Ebay offers
Panasonic GF7:
Check Ebay offers

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? If you would like to see a different side-by-side camera review, just use the search menu below. Alternatively, you can follow any of the listed hyperlinks for comparisons that others found interesting.

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    Specifications: Canon M10 vs Panasonic GF7

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Canon M10 Panasonic GF7
    Camera Type Mirrorless system camera Mirrorless system camera
    Camera Lens Canon EF-M mount lenses Micro Four Thirds lenses
    Launch Date October 2015 January 2015
    Launch Price USD 499 USD 499
    Sensor Specs Canon M10 Panasonic GF7
    Sensor Technology CMOS CMOS
    Sensor Format APS-C Sensor Four Thirds Sensor
    Sensor Size 22.3 x 14.9 mm 17.3 x 13.0 mm
    Sensor Area 332.27 mm2 224.9 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 26.8 mm 21.6 mm
    Crop Factor 1.6x 2.0x
    Sensor Resolution 17.9 Megapixels 15.8 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 5184 x 3456 pixels 4592 x 3448 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 4.31 μm 3.77 μm
    Pixel Density 5.39 MP/cm2 7.04 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability 1080/30p Video 1080/60p Video
    ISO Setting 100 - 12,800 ISO 200 - 25,600 ISO
    ISO Boost 100 - 25,600 ISO 100 - 25,600 ISO
    Image Processor DIGIC 6 Venus
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) 65 ..
    DXO Color Depth (bits) 22.2 ..
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) 11.4 ..
    DXO Low Light (ISO) 753 ..
    Screen Specs Canon M10 Panasonic GF7
    Viewfinder Type no viewfinder no viewfinder
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0inch 3.0inch
    LCD Resolution 1040k dots 1040k dots
    LCD Attachment Tilting screen Tilting screen
    Touch Input Touchscreen Touchscreen
    Shooting Specs Canon M10 Panasonic GF7
    Focus System On-Sensor Phase-detect Contrast-detect AF
    Manual Focusing Aidno Peaking FeatureFocus Peaking
    Max Shutter Speed (mechanical) 1/4000s 1/500s
    Continuous Shooting 4.6 shutter flaps/s 5.8 shutter flaps/s
    Electronic Shutterno E-Shutterup to 1/16000s
    Fill Flash Built-in Flash Built-in Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    UHS card support UHS-I UHS-I
    Connectivity Specs Canon M10 Panasonic GF7
    External Flash no Hotshoe no Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port mini HDMI micro HDMI
    Wifi Support Wifi built-in Wifi built-in
    Near-Field Communication NFC built-in NFC built-in
    Body Specs Canon M10 Panasonic GF7
    Battery Type LP-E12 DMW-BLH7
    Battery Life (CIPA)255 shots per charge230 shots per charge
    Body Dimensions 108 x 67 x 35 mm
    (4.3 x 2.6 x 1.4 in)
    107 x 65 x 33 mm
    (4.2 x 2.6 x 1.3 in)
    Camera Weight 301 g (10.6 oz) 266 g (9.4 oz)

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