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Canon M10 vs SL1

The Canon EOS M10 and the Canon EOS Rebel SL1 (labelled Canon 100D in some countries) are two digital cameras that were revealed to the public, respectively, in October 2015 and March 2013. The M10 is a mirrorless interchangeable lens camera, while the SL1 is a DSLR. Both cameras are equipped with an APS-C sensor. Both cameras offer a resolution of 17.9 megapixels.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Canon M10
versus
Canon SL1
Canon M10   Canon SL1
Mirrorless system camera Digital single lens reflex
Canon EF-M mount lenses Canon EF mount lenses
17.9 MP, APS-C Sensor 17.9 MP, APS-C Sensor
1080/30p Video 1080/30p Video
ISO 100-12,800 (100 - 25,600) ISO 100-12,800 (100 - 25,600)
No viewfinder, LCD framing Optical viewfinder
3.0 LCD, 1040k dots 3.0 LCD, 1040k dots
Tilting touchscreen Fixed touchscreen
4.6 shutter flaps per second 4.9 shutter flaps per second
255 shots per battery charge380 shots per battery charge
108 x 67 x 35 mm, 301 g 117 x 91 x 69 mm, 407 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Canon EOS M10 and the Canon EOS Rebel SL1? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

An illustration of the physical size and weight of the Canon M10 and the Canon SL1 is provided in the side-by-side display below. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three consecutive perspectives from the front, the top, and the back are available. All width, height and depth dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

Both cameras are available in two different colors (black, white).

Size Canon M10 vs Canon SL1
Compare M10 versus SL1 top
Comparison M10 or SL1 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Canon SL1 is considerably larger (47 percent) than the Canon M10. Moreover, the SL1 is substantially heavier (35 percent) than the M10. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the M10 nor the SL1 are weather-sealed.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete since they do not consider the interchangeable lenses that both of these cameras require. Hence, you might want to study and compare the specifications of available lenses in order to get the full picture of the size and weight of the two camera systems.

The table below summarizes the key physical specs of the two cameras alongside a broader set of comparators. In case you want to display and compare another camera duo, you can use the CAM-parator app to select your camera combination among a large number of options.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon M10 108 mm 67 mm 35 mm 301 g 255 n Oct 2015 499i
2.
 
Canon SL1 117 mm 91 mm 69 mm 407 g 380 n Mar 2013 549i
3.
 
Canon M100 108 mm 67 mm 35 mm 302 g 295 n Aug 2017 499i
4.
 
Canon SL2 122 mm 93 mm 70 mm 453 g 650 n Jun 2017 549i
5.
 
Canon T6 129 mm 101 mm 78 mm 485 g 500 n Mar 2016 449i
6.
 
Canon G9 X 98 mm 58 mm 31 mm 209 g 220 n Oct 2015 529i
7.
 
Canon M3 111 mm 68 mm 44 mm 366 g 250 n Feb 2015 679i
8.
 
Canon G7 X 103 mm 60 mm 40 mm 304 g 210 n Sep 2014 699i
9.
 
Canon T5 130 mm 100 mm 78 mm 480 g 500 n Feb 2014 449i
10.
 
Canon T5i 133 mm 100 mm 79 mm 580 g 440 n Mar 2013 649i
11.
 
Canon M 109 mm 66 mm 32 mm 298 g 230 n Jul 2012 599i
12.
 
Canon T4i 133 mm 100 mm 79 mm 575 g 440 n Jun 2012 849i
13.
 
Canon T3i 133 mm 100 mm 80 mm 570 g 440 n Feb 2011 599i
14.
 
Sony A5000 110 mm 63 mm 36 mm 269 g 420 n Jan 2014 449i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

The price is, of course, an important factor in any camera decision. The manufacturer’s suggested retail prices give an idea on the placement of the camera in the maker’s lineup and the broader market. The M10 was somewhat cheaper (by 9 percent) than the SL1 at launch, but both cameras fall into the same price category. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down. Then, after the new model is out, very good deals can frequently be found on the pre-owned market.

Sensor comparison

The size of the imaging sensor is a crucial determinant of image quality. A large sensor will generally have larger individual pixels that offer better low-light sensitivity, provide wider dynamic range, and have richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Further, a large sensor camera will give the photographer additional creative options when using shallow depth-of-field to isolate a subject from its background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be more expensive and lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Both cameras under consideration feature an APS-C sensor and have a format factor (sometimes also referred to as "crop factor") of 1.6. Within the spectrum of camera sensors, this places the review cameras among the medium-sized sensor cameras that aim to strike a balance between image quality and portability. Both cameras have a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 3:2.

In terms of chip-set technology, the M10 uses a more advanced image processing engine (DIGIC 6) than the SL1 (DIGIC 5), with benefits for noise reduction, color accuracy, and processing speed.

Canon M10 and Canon SL1 sensor measures

The two cameras under review do not only share the same sensor size, but also offer an identical resolution of 17.9 megapixels. This similarity in sensor specs implies that both the M10 and the SL1 have the same pixel density, as well as the same pixel size. It should, however, be noted that the M10 is much more recent (by 2 years and 6 months) than the SL1, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time.

The Canon EOS M10 has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 12800, which can be extended to ISO 100-25600. The Canon EOS Rebel SL1 offers exactly the same ISO settings.

M10 versus SL1 MP

For many cameras, data on sensor performance has been reported by DXO Mark. This service determines an overall sensor rating, as well as sub-scores for low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and color depth ("DXO Portrait"). The Overall DXO ratings for the two cameras under consideration are close, suggesting that they provide similar imaging performance. The adjacent table reports on the physical sensor characteristics and the outcomes of the DXO sensor quality tests for a sample of comparator-cameras.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Canon M10 APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p22.211.475365
2.
 
Canon SL1 APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.811.384363
3.
 
Canon M100 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.512.9127278
4.
 
Canon SL2 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.613.4104179
5.
 
Canon T6 APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p........
6.
 
Canon G9 X 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p21.512.349563
7.
 
Canon M3 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p22.811.8116972
8.
 
Canon G7 X 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p23.012.755671
9.
 
Canon T5 APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.911.372463
10.
 
Canon T5i APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.711.268161
11.
 
Canon M APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p22.111.282765
12.
 
Canon T4i APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.711.272262
13.
 
Canon T3i APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p22.111.579365
14.
 
Sony A5000 APS-C 19.8 5456 36321080/60i23.813.0108979

Many modern cameras cannot only take still pictures, but also record videos. The two cameras under consideration both have sensors whose read-out speed is fast enough to capture moving pictures, and both provide the same movie specifications (1080/30p).

Feature comparison

Beyond body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. For example, the SL1 has an optical viewfinder, which can be very useful when shooting in bright sunlight. In contrast, the M10 relies on live view and the rear LCD for framing. The following table reports on some other key feature differences and similarities of the Canon M10, the Canon SL1, and comparable cameras.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Specifications
(inch/000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Canon M10none n3.0 / 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 4.6 Y n
2.
 
Canon SL1optical n3.0 / 1040 fixed Y 1/4000s 4.9 Y n
3.
 
Canon M100none n3.0 / 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 6.1 Y n
4.
 
Canon SL2optical n3.0 / 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
5.
 
Canon T6optical n3.0 / 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
6.
 
Canon G9 Xnone n3.0 / 1040 fixed Y 1/2000s 6.0 Y Y
7.
 
Canon M3optional n3.0 / 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 4.2 Y n
8.
 
Canon G7 Xnone n3.0 / 1040 tilting Y 1/2000s 6.5 Y Y
9.
 
Canon T5optical n3.0 / 460 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
10.
 
Canon T5ioptical n3.0 / 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
11.
 
Canon Mnone n3.0 / 1040 fixed Y 1/4000s 4.3 n n
12.
 
Canon T4ioptical n3.0 / 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
13.
 
Canon T3ioptical n3.0 / 1040 swivel n 1/4000s 3.7 Y n
14.
 
Sony A5000none n3.0 / 461 tilting n 1/4000s 3.5 Y n
The M10 has an articulated LCD that can be turned to be front-facing. This characteristic will be appreciated by vloggers and photographers who are interested in snapping selfies. In contrast, the SL1 does not have a selfie-screen.

Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the M10 and the SL1 write their files to SDXC cards. Both cameras can use UHS-I cards, which provide for Ultra High Speed data transfer of up to 104 MB/s.

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Canon EOS M10 and Canon EOS Rebel SL1 and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Mic / Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Canon M10-stereo / mono--mini2.0YY-
2.
 
Canon SL1Ymono / monoY-mini2.0---
3.
 
Canon M100-stereo / mono--micro2.0YYY
4.
 
Canon SL2Ystereo / monoY-mini2.0YYY
5.
 
Canon T6Ymono / mono--mini2.0YY-
6.
 
Canon G9 X-stereo / mono--micro2.0YY-
7.
 
Canon M3Ystereo / monoY-mini2.0YY-
8.
 
Canon G7 X-stereo / mono--micro2.0YY-
9.
 
Canon T5Ymono / mono--mini2.0---
10.
 
Canon T5iYstereo / monoY-mini2.0---
11.
 
Canon MYstereo / monoY-mini2.0---
12.
 
Canon T4iYstereo / monoY-mini2.0---
13.
 
Canon T3iYmono / monoY-mini2.0---
14.
 
Sony A5000-stereo / mono--micro2.0YY-

It is notable that the M10 offers wifi support, while the SL1 does not. Wifi can be a very convenient means to transfer image data to an off-camera location.

Both the M10 and the SL1 have been discontinued, but can regularly be found used on eBay. The SL1 was replaced by the Canon SL2, while the M10 was followed by the Canon M100. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Canon website.

Review summary

So how do things add up? Is the Canon M10 better than the Canon SL1 or vice versa? The listing below highlights the relative strengths of the two models.


Reasons to prefer the Canon EOS M10:

  • Better jpgs: Has a more modern image processing engine (DIGIC 6 vs DIGIC 5).
  • More flexible LCD: Has a tilting screen for odd-angle shots in landscape orientation.
  • More selfie-friendly: Has an articulated screen that can be turned to be front-facing.
  • More compact: Is smaller (108x67mm vs 117x91mm) and thus needs less room in the bag.
  • Less heavy: Is lighter (by 106g or 26 percent) and hence easier to carry around.
  • More legacy lens friendly: Can take a broad range of non-native lenses via adapters.
  • Easier file upload: Has wifi built in for automatic backup or image transfer to the web.
  • Easier device pairing: Supports NFC for fast wireless image transfer over short distances.
  • More modern: Reflects 2 years and 6 months of technical progress since the SL1 launch.


Arguments in favor of the Canon EOS Rebel SL1:

  • Better sound: Can connect to an external microphone for higher quality sound recording.
  • Easier framing: Has an optical viewfinder for image composition and settings control.
  • Longer lasting: Gets more shots (380 versus 255) out of a single battery charge.
  • Better lighting: Features a hotshoe and can thus hold and trigger an external flash gun.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been around for much longer (launched in March 2013).

If the count of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a measure, the M10 is the clear winner of the match-up (9 : 5 points). However, the relevance of individual strengths will vary across photographers, so that you might want to apply your own weighing scheme to the summary points when reflecting and deciding on a new camera. A professional wedding photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a travel photog, and a person interested in cityscapes has distinct needs from a macro shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

M10 09:05 SL1

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Canon M10 and the Canon SL1 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best Mirrorless Interchangeable Lens Camera and Best DSLR Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the specs-based evaluation of cameras can be instructive in revealing their potential as photographic tools, it remains incomplete and does no justice, for example, to the way the M10 or the SL1 perform in practice. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.

Expert reviews

This is why hands-on reviews by experts are important. The table below provides a synthesis of the camera assessments of some of the best known photo-gear review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], digitalcameraworld [DCW], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DCW 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon M10..........4/5 Oct 2015 499i
2.
 
Canon SL14/5+..78/1004/54/5 Mar 2013 549i
3.
 
Canon M1003/5+....4/53.5/5 Aug 2017 499i
4.
 
Canon SL24/5+ +4/578/1004.5/54.5/5 Jun 2017 549i
5.
 
Canon T64/5o4/573/1004/54/5 Mar 2016 449i
6.
 
Canon G9 X3.5/5+ +....4.5/54.5/5 Oct 2015 529i
7.
 
Canon M34/5o..75/1004.5/54/5 Feb 2015 679i
8.
 
Canon G7 X4/5+ +..77/1004.5/54.5/5 Sep 2014 699i
9.
 
Canon T53/5+....4/54.5/5 Feb 2014 449i
10.
 
Canon T5i......76/1004.5/54.5/5 Mar 2013 649i
11.
 
Canon M3/5+....4/54/5 Jul 2012 599i
12.
 
Canon T4i4/5+ +..77/1004.5/54.5/5 Jun 2012 849i
13.
 
Canon T3i3/5o..77/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2011 599i
14.
 
Sony A50003/5+....4.5/54.5/5 Jan 2014 449i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The ratings are only valid when referring to cameras in the same category and of the same age. A score, therefore, has to be seen in close connection to the price and market introduction time of the camera, and comparing ratings of very distinct cameras or ones that are far apart in terms of their release date have little meaning. Also, kindly note that some of the listed sites have over time developped their review approaches and their reporting style.

Canon M10:
Check Ebay offers
Canon SL1:
Check Ebay offers

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? If you would like to see a different side-by-side camera review, just use the search menu below. Alternatively, you can follow any of the listed hyperlinks for comparisons that others found interesting.

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    Specifications: Canon M10 vs Canon SL1

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Canon M10 Canon SL1
    Camera Type Mirrorless system camera Digital single lens reflex
    Camera Lens Canon EF-M mount lenses Canon EF mount lenses
    Launch Date October 2015 March 2013
    Launch Price USD 499 USD 549
    Sensor Specs Canon M10 Canon SL1
    Sensor Technology CMOS CMOS
    Sensor Format APS-C Sensor APS-C Sensor
    Sensor Size 22.3 x 14.9 mm 22.3 x 14.9 mm
    Sensor Area 332.27 mm2 332.27 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 26.8 mm 26.8 mm
    Crop Factor 1.6x 1.6x
    Sensor Resolution 17.9 Megapixels 17.9 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 5184 x 3456 pixels 5184 x 3456 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 4.31 μm 4.31 μm
    Pixel Density 5.39 MP/cm2 5.39 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability 1080/30p Video 1080/30p Video
    ISO Setting 100 - 12,800 ISO 100 - 12,800 ISO
    ISO Boost 100 - 25,600 ISO 100 - 25,600 ISO
    Image Processor DIGIC 6 DIGIC 5
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) 65 63
    DXO Color Depth (bits) 22.2 21.8
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) 11.4 11.3
    DXO Low Light (ISO) 753 843
    Screen Specs Canon M10 Canon SL1
    Viewfinder Type no viewfinder Optical viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 95%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.54x
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0inch 3.0inch
    LCD Resolution 1040k dots 1040k dots
    LCD Attachment Tilting screen Fixed screen
    Touch Input Touchscreen Touchscreen
    Shooting Specs Canon M10 Canon SL1
    Focus System On-Sensor Phase-detect Phase-detect AF
    Continuous Shooting 4.6 shutter flaps/s 4.9 shutter flaps/s
    Shutter Life Expectancy100 000 actuations100 000 actuations
    Fill Flash Built-in Flash Built-in Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    UHS card support UHS-I UHS-I
    Connectivity Specs Canon M10 Canon SL1
    External Flash no Hotshoe Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port mini HDMI mini HDMI
    Microphone Port no MIC socket External MIC port
    Wifi Support Wifi built-in no Wifi
    Near-Field Communication NFC built-in no NFC
    Body Specs Canon M10 Canon SL1
    Battery Type LP-E12 LP-E12
    Battery Life (CIPA)255 shots per charge380 shots per charge
    Body Dimensions 108 x 67 x 35 mm
    (4.3 x 2.6 x 1.4 in)
    117 x 91 x 69 mm
    (4.6 x 3.6 x 2.7 in)
    Camera Weight 301 g (10.6 oz) 407 g (14.4 oz)

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