PW

Canon G5 X Mark II vs Nikon D5100

The Canon PowerShot G5 X Mark II and the Nikon D5100 are two digital cameras that were announced, respectively, in July 2019 and April 2011. The G5X Mark II is a fixed lens compact, while the D5100 is a DSLR. The cameras are based on an one-inch (G5X Mark II) and an APS-C (D5100) sensor. The Canon has a resolution of 20 megapixels, whereas the Nikon provides 16.1 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Canon G5 X Mark II   Nikon D5100
Canon G5 X Mark II Nikon D5100
Fixed lens compact camera Digital single lens reflex
24-120mm f/1.8-2.8 Nikon F mount lenses
20 MP, 1" Sensor 16.1 MP, APS-C Sensor
4K/30p Video 1080/30p Video
ISO 125-12800 (125-25600) ISO 100-6400 (100-25600)
Electronic viewfinder (2360k dots) Optical viewfinder
3.0" LCD, 1040k dots 3.0" LCD, 921k dots
Tilting touchscreen Swivel screen (not touch-sensitive)
30 shutter flaps per second 4 shutter flaps per second
230 shots per battery charge660 shots per battery charge
111 x 61 x 46 mm, 340 g 128 x 97 x 79 mm, 560 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Canon PowerShot G5 X Mark II and the Nikon D5100? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The side-by-side display below illustrates the physical size and weight of the Canon G5 X Mark II and the Nikon D5100. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three successive views from the front, the top, and the rear are shown. All width, height and depth measures are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

Size Canon G5 X Mark II vs Nikon D5100
Compare G5X Mark II versus D5100 top
Comparison G5X Mark II or D5100 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Nikon D5100 is considerably larger (83 percent) than the Canon G5 X Mark II. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the G5X Mark II nor the D5100 are weather-sealed.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete and possibly misleading, as the G5X Mark II has a lens built in, whereas the D5100 is an interchangeable lens camera that requires a separate lens. Attaching the latter will add extra weight and bulk to the setup. You can compare the optics available for the D5100 and their specifications in the Nikon Lens Catalog.

Concerning battery life, the G5X Mark II gets 230 shots out of its NB-13L battery, while the D5100 can take 660 images on a single charge of its EN-EL14 power pack. The power pack in the G5X Mark II can be charged via the USB port, so that it is not always necessary to take the battery charger along when travelling.

The adjacent table lists the principal physical characteristics of the two cameras alongside a wider set of alternatives. If you would like to visualize and compare a different camera combination, just use the right or left arrows in the table to switch to the respective camera. Alternatively, you can also navigate to the CAM-parator app and make your selection from the full list of cameras there.

Camera Body Specifications
  Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
(CIPA)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Used
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Canon G5 X Mark II» 4.4 in 2.4 in 1.8 in 12.0 oz 230 n Jul 2019 899 i i Canon G5 X Mark II
 
Nikon D5100« 5.0 in 3.8 in 3.1 in 19.8 oz 660 n Apr 2011 749- i Nikon D5100
 
Canon G7 X Mark III« » 4.1 in 2.4 in 1.6 in 10.7 oz 235 n Jul 2019 749 i i Canon G7 X Mark III
 
Canon M50« » 4.6 in 3.5 in 2.3 in 13.8 oz 235 n Feb 2018 779 i i Canon M50
 
Canon SX740« » 4.3 in 2.5 in 1.6 in 10.5 oz 265 n Jul 2018 399 i i Canon SX740
 
Canon G7 X Mark II« » 4.2 in 2.4 in 1.7 in 11.3 oz 265 n Feb 2016 699- i Canon G7 X Mark II
 
Canon G5 X« » 4.4 in 3.0 in 1.7 in 12.5 oz 210 n Oct 2015 799- i Canon G5 X
 
Leica C-LUX« » 4.4 in 2.6 in 1.8 in 12.0 oz 370 n Jun 2018 1,049 i i Leica C-LUX
 
Nikon D5600« » 4.9 in 3.8 in 2.8 in 16.4 oz 970 n Nov 2016 699 i i Nikon D5600
 
Nikon D5300« » 4.9 in 3.9 in 3.0 in 16.9 oz 600 n Oct 2013 799- i Nikon D5300
 
Nikon D5200« » 5.1 in 3.9 in 3.1 in 19.6 oz 500 n Nov 2012 749- i Nikon D5200
 
Nikon D3100« » 4.9 in 3.8 in 3.0 in 17.8 oz 550 n Aug 2010 599- i Nikon D3100
 
Nikon D5000« » 5.0 in 4.1 in 3.1 in 20.8 oz 510 n Apr 2009 749- i Nikon D5000
 
Panasonic FZ1000 II« » 5.4 in 3.8 in 5.2 in 28.6 oz 350 n Feb 2019 899 i i Panasonic FZ1000 II
 
Panasonic LX100 II« » 4.5 in 2.6 in 2.6 in 13.8 oz 300 n Aug 2018 999 i i Panasonic LX100 II
 
Panasonic ZS200« » 4.4 in 2.6 in 1.8 in 12.0 oz 370 n Feb 2018 799 i i Panasonic ZS200
 
Sony RX100 VI« » 4.0 in 2.3 in 1.7 in 10.6 oz 240 n Jun 2018 1,199- i Sony RX100 VI
Note: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

The price is, of course, an important factor in any camera decision. The retail prices at the time of the camera’s release place the model in the market relative to other models in the producer’s line-up and the competition. Normally, street prices remain initially close to the MSRP, but after a couple of months, the first discounts appear. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

 

Sensor comparison

The size of the sensor inside a digital camera is one of the key determinants of image quality. A large sensor will generally have larger individual pixels that offer better low-light sensitivity, provide wider dynamic range, and have richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Further, a large sensor camera will give the photographer additional creative options when using shallow depth-of-field to isolate a subject from its background. On the downside, larger sensors are more costly to manufacture and tend to lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Canon G5 X Mark II features an one-inch sensor and the Nikon D5100 an APS-C sensor. The sensor area in the D5100 is 220 percent bigger. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 2.7 and 1.5. Both cameras have a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 3:2.

Canon G5 X Mark II and Nikon D5100 sensor measures

Despite having a smaller sensor, the Canon G5 X Mark II offers a higher resolution of 20 megapixels, compared with 16.1 MP of the Nikon D5100. This megapixels advantage comes at the cost of a higher pixel density and a smaller size of the individual pixel (with a pixel pitch of 2.41μm versus 4.80μm for the D5100). However, it should be noted that the G5X Mark II is much more recent (by 8 years and 3 months) than the D5100, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that make it possible to gather light more efficiently.

The resolution advantage of the Canon G5 X Mark II implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the G5X Mark II for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 27.4 x 18.2 inch or 69.5 x 46.3 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 21.9 x 14.6 inch or 55.6 x 37.1 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 18.2 x 12.2 inch or 46.3 x 30.9 cm. The corresponding values for the Nikon D5100 are 24.6 x 16.3 inch or 62.6 x 41.5 cm for good quality, 19.7 x 13.1 inch or 50.1 x 33.2 cm for very good quality, and 16.4 x 10.9 inch or 41.7 x 27.6 cm for excellent quality prints.

The Canon PowerShot G5 X Mark II has a native sensitivity range from ISO 125 to ISO 12800, which can be extended to ISO 125-25600. The corresponding ISO settings for the Nikon D5100 are ISO 100 to ISO 6400, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 100-25600.

G5X Mark II versus D5100 MP

Consistent information on actual sensor performance is available from DXO Mark for many cameras. This service is based on lab testing and assigns an overall score to each camera sensor, as well as ratings for dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), color depth ("DXO Portrait"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"). The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.

Sensor Characteristics
  Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
Camera
Model
 
Canon G5 X Mark II» 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p----Canon G5 X Mark II
 
Nikon D5100« APS-C 16.1 4928 32641080/30p23.513.6118380Nikon D5100
 
Canon G7 X Mark III« » 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p----Canon G7 X Mark III
 
Canon M50« » APS-C 24.0 6000 40004K/24p----Canon M50
 
Canon SX740« » 1/2.3 20.2 5184 38884K/30p----Canon SX740
 
Canon G7 X Mark II« » 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p----Canon G7 X Mark II
 
Canon G5 X« » 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p----Canon G5 X
 
Leica C-LUX« » 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p----Leica C-LUX
 
Nikon D5600« » APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p24.114.0130684Nikon D5600
 
Nikon D5300« » APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p24.013.9133883Nikon D5300
 
Nikon D5200« » APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60i24.213.9128484Nikon D5200
 
Nikon D3100« » APS-C 14.2 4608 30721080/24p22.511.391967Nikon D3100
 
Nikon D5000« » APS-C 12.2 4288 2848720/24p22.712.586872Nikon D5000
 
Panasonic FZ1000 II« » 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p----Panasonic FZ1000 II
 
Panasonic LX100 II« » Four Thirds 16.8 4736 35524K/30p----Panasonic LX100 II
 
Panasonic ZS200« » 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p----Panasonic ZS200
 
Sony RX100 VI« » 1-inch 20.0 5472 36484K/30p----Sony RX100 VI

Many modern cameras cannot only take still pictures, but also record videos. Both cameras under consideration have a sensor with sufficiently fast read-out times for moving pictures, but the G5X Mark II provides a higher video resolution than the D5100. It can shoot video footage at 4K/30p, while the Nikon is limited to 1080/30p.

 

Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a variety of features. For example, the G5X Mark II has an electronic viewfinder (2360k dots), while the D5100 has an optical one. Both systems have their advantages, with the electronic viewfinder making it possible to project supplementary shooting information into the framing view, whereas the optical viewfinder offers lag-free viewing and a very clear framing image. The following table reports on some other key feature differences and similarities of the Canon G5 X Mark II, the Nikon D5100, and comparable cameras.

Core Features
  Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
('000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
Camera
Model
 
Canon G5 X Mark II»2360 n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/2000s 30 Y Y Canon G5 X Mark II
 
Nikon D5100«optical n 3.0 921 swivel n 1/4000s 4.0 Y n Nikon D5100
 
Canon G7 X Mark III« »- n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/2000s 30 Y Y Canon G7 X Mark III
 
Canon M50« »2360 n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 10.0 Y n Canon M50
 
Canon SX740« »- n 3.0 922 tilting n 1/3200s 10.0 Y Y Canon SX740
 
Canon G7 X Mark II« »- n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/2000s 8.0 Y Y Canon G7 X Mark II
 
Canon G5 X« »2360 n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/2000s 5.9 Y Y Canon G5 X
 
Leica C-LUX« »2330 n 3.0 1240 fixed Y 1/2000s 10.0 Y Y Leica C-LUX
 
Nikon D5600« »optical n 3.2 1037 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n Nikon D5600
 
Nikon D5300« »optical n 3.2 1037 swivel n 1/4000s 5.0 Y n Nikon D5300
 
Nikon D5200« »optical n 3.0 921 swivel n 1/4000s 5.0 Y n Nikon D5200
 
Nikon D3100« »optical n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n Nikon D3100
 
Nikon D5000« »optical n 2.7 230 full-flex n 1/4000s 4.0 Y n Nikon D5000
 
Panasonic FZ1000 II« »2360 n 3.0 1240 swivel Y 1/4000s 12.0 Y Y Panasonic FZ1000 II
 
Panasonic LX100 II« »2764 n 3.0 1240 fixed Y 1/4000s 11.0 n Y Panasonic LX100 II
 
Panasonic ZS200« »2330 n 3.0 1240 fixed Y 1/2000s 10.0 Y Y Panasonic ZS200
 
Sony RX100 VI« »2359 n 3.0 1229 tilting Y 1/2000s 24.0 Y Y Sony RX100 VI

One differentiating feature between the two cameras concerns the touch sensitivity of the rear screen. The G5X Mark II has a touchscreen, while the D5100 has a conventional panel. Touch control can be particularly helpful, for example, for setting the focus point.

Both cameras have an articulated rear screen that can be turned to be front-facing. This feature will be particularly appreciated by vloggers and photographers who are interested in taking selfies.

The reported shutter speed information refers to the use of the mechanical shutter. Yet, some cameras only have an electronic shutter, while others have an electronic shutter in addition to a mechanical one. In fact, the G5X Mark II is one of those camera that have an additional electronic shutter, which makes completely silent shooting possible. However, this mode is less suitable for photographing moving objects (risk of rolling shutter) or shooting under artificial light sources (risk of flickering).

The Canon G5 X Mark II and the Nikon D5100 both have an intervalometer built-in. This enables the photographer to capture time lapse sequences, such as flower blooming, a sunset or moon rise, without purchasing an external camera trigger and related software.

Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the G5X Mark II and the D5100 write their files to SDXC cards. Both cameras can use UHS-I cards, which provide for Ultra High Speed data transfer of up to 104 MB/s.

 

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Canon PowerShot G5 X Mark II and Nikon D5100 and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

Input-Output Connections
  Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Type
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
Camera
Model
 
Canon G5 X Mark II»-stereomono--micro3.1Y-YCanon G5 X Mark II
 
Nikon D5100«YmonomonoY-mini2.0---Nikon D5100
 
Canon G7 X Mark III« »-stereomonoY-micro3.1Y-YCanon G7 X Mark III
 
Canon M50« »YstereomonoY-micro2.0YYYCanon M50
 
Canon SX740« »-stereomono--micro2.0YYYCanon SX740
 
Canon G7 X Mark II« »-stereomono--micro2.0YY-Canon G7 X Mark II
 
Canon G5 X« »Ystereomono--mini2.0YY-Canon G5 X
 
Leica C-LUX« »-stereomono--micro2.0Y--Leica C-LUX
 
Nikon D5600« »YstereomonoY-mini2.0YYYNikon D5600
 
Nikon D5300« »YstereomonoY-mini2.0Y--Nikon D5300
 
Nikon D5200« »YstereomonoY-mini2.0---Nikon D5200
 
Nikon D3100« »Ymonomono--mini2.0---Nikon D3100
 
Nikon D5000« »Ymonomono--mini2.0---Nikon D5000
 
Panasonic FZ1000 II« »Ystereomono--micro2.0Y-YPanasonic FZ1000 II
 
Panasonic LX100 II« »Ystereomono--micro2.0Y-YPanasonic LX100 II
 
Panasonic ZS200« »-stereomono--micro2.0Y-YPanasonic ZS200
 
Sony RX100 VI« »-stereomono--micro2.0YYYSony RX100 VI

It is notable that the G5X Mark II offers wifi support, while the D5100 does not. Wifi can be a very convenient means to transfer image data to an off-camera location.

The G5X Mark II is a recent model that features in the current product line-up of Canon. In contrast, the D5100 has been discontinued (but it can be found pre-owned on eBay). As a replacement in the same line of cameras, the D5100 was succeeded by the Nikon D5200. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Canon and Nikon websites.


Review summary

So what is the bottom line? Is the Canon G5 X Mark II better than the Nikon D5100 or vice versa? Below is a summary of the relative strengths of each of the two contestants.

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Arguments in favor of the Canon PowerShot G5 X Mark II:

  • More detail: Offers more megapixels (20 vs 16.1MP) with a 11% higher linear resolution.
  • Better video: Provides higher definition movie capture (4K/30p vs 1080/30p).
  • More framing info: Has an electronic viewfinder that displays shooting data.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (1040k vs 921k dots).
  • Fewer buttons to press: Is equipped with a touch-sensitive rear screen to facilitate handling.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (30 vs 4 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Less disturbing: Has an electronic shutter option for completely silent shooting.
  • Ready to shoot: Comes with a built-in lens, while the D5100 requires a separate lens.
  • More compact: Is smaller (111x61mm vs 128x97mm) and thus needs less room in the bag.
  • Less heavy: Is lighter even though it comes with a built-in lens (unlike the D5100).
  • Easier travel charging: Can be conveniently charged via its USB port.
  • Sharper images: Has hand-shake reducing image stabilization built-in.
  • Faster data transfer: Supports a more advanced USB protocol (3.1 vs 2.0).
  • Easier file upload: Has wifi built in for automatic backup or image transfer to the web.
  • Easier wireless transfer: Supports Bluetooth for image sharing without cables.
  • More modern: Reflects 8 years and 3 months of technical progress since the D5100 launch.

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Reasons to prefer the Nikon D5100:

  • Better sound: Can connect to an external microphone for higher quality sound recording.
  • Brighter framing: Features an optical viewfinder for clear, lag-free composition.
  • More flexible LCD: Has a swivel screen for odd-angle shots in portrait or landscape orientation.
  • Faster shutter: Has higher mechanical shutter speed (1/4000s vs 1/2000s) to freeze action.
  • More flexible: Makes it possible to change lenses and thus to use specialty optics.
  • Longer lasting: Gets more shots (660 versus 230) out of a single battery charge.
  • Better lighting: Features a hotshoe and can thus hold and trigger an external flash gun.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been around for much longer (launched in April 2011).

If the number of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the G5X Mark II is the clear winner of the match-up (15 : 8 points). However, the pertinence of the various camera strengths will differ across photographers, so that you might want to weigh individual camera traits according to their importance for your own imaging needs before making a camera decision. A professional wildlife photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a family photog, and a person interested in architecture has distinct needs from a sports shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

G5X Mark II 15:08 D5100

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Canon G5 X Mark II and the Nikon D5100 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best Travel-Zoom Camera and Best DSLR Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the specs-based evaluation of cameras can be instructive in revealing their potential as photographic tools, it remains incomplete and does no justice, for example, to the way the G5X Mark II or the D5100 perform in practice. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.

Expert reviews

This is why expert reviews are important. The adjacent summary-table relays the overall verdicts of several of the most popular camera review sites (cameralabs, dpreview, ephotozine, imaging-resource, and photographyblog). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

Review Scores
  Camera
Model
cameralabs dpreview ephotozine imaging-resource photographyblog Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Used
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Canon G5 X Mark II»+82/100--4/5 Jul 2019 899 i i Canon G5 X Mark II
 
Nikon D5100«+ +76/1004.5/55/54.5/5 Apr 2011 749- i Nikon D5100
 
Canon G7 X Mark III« »+ +-4/5-- Jul 2019 749 i i Canon G7 X Mark III
 
Canon M50« »+79/100-4/53.5/5 Feb 2018 779 i i Canon M50
 
Canon SX740« »+-4/5-4/5 Jul 2018 399 i i Canon SX740
 
Canon G7 X Mark II« »+ +81/1004.5/54/54.5/5 Feb 2016 699- i Canon G7 X Mark II
 
Canon G5 X« »+ +78/1004.5/54/54.5/5 Oct 2015 799- i Canon G5 X
 
Leica C-LUX« »--4.5/5-4/5 Jun 2018 1,049 i i Leica C-LUX
 
Nikon D5600« »-79/1004.5/54.5/54/5 Nov 2016 699 i i Nikon D5600
 
Nikon D5300« »+ +79/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Oct 2013 799- i Nikon D5300
 
Nikon D5200« »+ +79/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Nov 2012 749- i Nikon D5200
 
Nikon D3100« »+ +72/1004.5/55/54.5/5 Aug 2010 599- i Nikon D3100
 
Nikon D5000« »+ +75/1004/55/54.5/5 Apr 2009 749- i Nikon D5000
 
Panasonic FZ1000 II« »--4.5/5-4.5/5 Feb 2019 899 i i Panasonic FZ1000 II
 
Panasonic LX100 II« »+82/1004.5/5-4.5/5 Aug 2018 999 i i Panasonic LX100 II
 
Panasonic ZS200« »+ +81/1004.5/5-4.5/5 Feb 2018 799 i i Panasonic ZS200
 
Sony RX100 VI« »+ +83/1004/5-4.5/5 Jun 2018 1,199- i Sony RX100 VI
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (-) not available.

Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The ratings are only valid when referring to cameras in the same category and of the same age. Hence, a score should always be seen in the context of the camera's market launch date and its price, and rating-comparisons among cameras that span long time periods or concern very differently equipped models make little sense. It should also be noted that some of the review sites have over time altered the way they render their verdicts.

Canon G5 X Mark II:
Check Amazon price
Nikon D5100:
Check Ebay offers

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? If you would like to see a different side-by-side camera review, just make a corresponding selection in the search boxes below. As an alternative, you can also directly jump to any one of the listed comparisons that were previously generated by the CAM-parator tool.

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    Specifications: Canon G5 X Mark II vs Nikon D5100

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Canon G5 X Mark II Nikon D5100
    Camera Type Fixed lens compact camera Digital single lens reflex
    Camera Lens 24-120mm f/1.8-2.8 Nikon F mount lenses
    Launch Date July 2019 April 2011
    Launch Price USD 899 USD 749
    Sensor Specs Canon G5 X Mark II Nikon D5100
    Sensor Technology BSI-CMOS CMOS
    Sensor Format 1" Sensor APS-C Sensor
    Sensor Size 13.2 x 8.8 mm 23.6 x 15.7 mm
    Sensor Area 116.16 mm2 370.52 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 15.9 mm 28.3 mm
    Crop Factor 2.7x 1.5x
    Sensor Resolution 20 Megapixels 16.1 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 5472 x 3648 pixels 4928 x 3264 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 2.41 μm 4.80 μm
    Pixel Density 17.18 MP/cm2 4.34 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability 4K/30p Video 1080/30p Video
    ISO Setting 125-12800 ISO 100-6400 ISO
    ISO Boost 125-25600 ISO 100-25600 ISO
    Image Processor DIGIC 8 EXPEED 2
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) .. 80
    DXO Color Depth (bits) .. 23.5
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) .. 13.6
    DXO Low Light (ISO) .. 1183
    Screen Specs Canon G5 X Mark II Nikon D5100
    Viewfinder Type Electronic viewfinder Optical viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 100% 95%
    Viewfinder Magnification ..x 0.51x
    Viewfinder Resolution 2360k dots
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0 inch 3.0 inch
    LCD Resolution 1040k dots 921k dots
    LCD Attachment Tilting screen Swivel screen
    Touch Input Touchscreen no Touchscreen
    Shooting Specs Canon G5 X Mark II Nikon D5100
    Autofocus System Contrast-detect AF Phase-detect AF
    Manual Focusing AidFocus PeakingNo Peaking Feature
    Continuous Shooting 30 shutter flaps/s 4 shutter flaps/s
    Electronic Shutterup to 1/25600sno E-Shutter
    Time-Lapse PhotographyIntervalometer built-inIntervalometer built-in
    Fill Flash Build-in Flash Build-in Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    UHS card support UHS-I UHS-I
    Connectivity Specs Canon G5 X Mark II Nikon D5100
    External Flash no Hotshoe Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 3.1 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port micro HDMI mini HDMI
    Microphone Port no MIC socket External MIC port
    Wifi Support Wifi built-in no Wifi
    Bluetooth Support Bluetooth built-in no Bluetooth
    Body Specs Canon G5 X Mark II Nikon D5100
    Battery Type NB-13L EN-EL14
    Battery Life (CIPA)230 shots per charge660 shots per charge
    In-Camera Charging USB charging no USB charging
    Body Dimensions 111 x 61 x 46 mm
    (4.4 x 2.4 x 1.8 in)
    128 x 97 x 79 mm
    (5.0 x 3.8 x 3.1 in)
    Camera Weight 340 g (12.0 oz) 560 g (19.8 oz)

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