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Canon G16 vs Nikon D100

The Canon PowerShot G16 and the Nikon D100 are two digital cameras that were announced, respectively, in August 2013 and February 2002. The G16 is a fixed lens compact, while the D100 is a DSLR. The cameras are based on a 1/1.7-inch (G16) and an APS-C (D100) sensor. The Canon has a resolution of 12 megapixels, whereas the Nikon provides 6 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Canon G16
versus
Nikon D100
Canon G16 Nikon D100
Fixed lens compact camera Digital single lens reflex
28-140mm f/1.8-2.8 Nikon F mount lenses
12 MP, 1/1.7" Sensor 6 MP, APS-C Sensor
1080/60p Video no Video
ISO 80-12,800 ISO 200-800 (200 - 1,600)
Optical viewfinder Optical viewfinder
3.0 LCD, 922k dots 1.8 LCD, 118k dots
Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive) Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive)
2.2 shutter flaps per second 3 shutter flaps per second
360 shots per battery charge370 shots per battery charge
109 x 76 x 40 mm, 356 g 144 x 116 x 81 mm, 780 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Canon PowerShot G16 and the Nikon D100? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The side-by-side display below illustrates the physical size and weight of the Canon G16 and the Nikon D100. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three successive views from the front, the top, and the rear are shown. All width, height and depth measures are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

Size Canon G16 vs Nikon D100
Compare G16 versus D100 top
Comparison G16 or D100 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Nikon D100 is considerably larger (102 percent) than the Canon G16. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the G16 nor the D100 are weather-sealed.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete and possibly misleading, as the G16 has a lens built in, whereas the D100 is an interchangeable lens camera that requires a separate lens. Attaching the latter will add extra weight and bulk to the setup. You can compare the optics available for the D100 and their specifications in the Nikon Lens Catalog.

Concerning battery life, the G16 gets 360 shots out of its NB-10L battery, while the D100 can take 370 images on a single charge of its EN-EL3 power pack.

The adjacent table lists the principal physical characteristics of the two cameras alongside a wider set of alternatives. If you would like to visualize and compare a different camera combination, you can navigate to the CAM-parator app and make your selection from a broad list of cameras there.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon G16 109 mm 76 mm 40 mm 356 g 360 n Aug 2013 549 i
2.
 
Nikon D100 144 mm 116 mm 81 mm 780 g 370 n Feb 2002 1,999 i
3.
 
Canon G1 X Mark II 116 mm 74 mm 66 mm 553 g 240 n Feb 2014 799 i
4.
 
Canon SL1 117 mm 91 mm 69 mm 407 g 380 n Mar 2013 549 i
5.
 
Canon G1 X 117 mm 81 mm 65 mm 534 g 250 n Jan 2012 799 i
6.
 
Canon G15 107 mm 76 mm 40 mm 352 g 350 n Sep 2012 499 i
7.
 
Canon M 109 mm 66 mm 32 mm 298 g 230 n Jul 2012 599 i
8.
 
Canon G12 112 mm 76 mm 48 mm 401 g 370 n Sep 2010 499 i
9.
 
Canon 10D 150 mm 107 mm 75 mm 850 g 500 n Feb 2003 1,999 i
10.
 
Fujifilm X30 119 mm 72 mm 60 mm 423 g 470 n Aug 2014 599 i
11.
 
Fujifilm X20 117 mm 70 mm 57 mm 353 g 270 n Jan 2013 599 i
12.
 
Nikon P7800 119 mm 78 mm 50 mm 399 g 350 n Sep 2013 549 i
13.
 
Nikon D90 132 mm 103 mm 77 mm 703 g 850 n Aug 2008 1,299 i
14.
 
Nikon D300 147 mm 114 mm 74 mm 925 g 1000 Y Aug 2007 1,799 i
15.
 
Nikon D80 132 mm 103 mm 77 mm 668 g 600 n Aug 2006 999 i
16.
 
Nikon D200 147 mm 113 mm 74 mm 920 g 400 Y Nov 2005 1,699 i
17.
 
Panasonic LX7 111 mm 68 mm 46 mm 298 g 330 n Jul 2012 499 i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will naturally be influenced heavily by the price. The manufacturer’s suggested retail prices give an idea on the placement of the camera in the maker’s lineup and the broader market. The G16 was launched at a lower price than the D100, despite having a lens built in. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

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Sensor comparison

The size of the sensor inside a digital camera is one of the key determinants of image quality. A large sensor will tend to have larger individual pixels that provide better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixel-units in a sensor of the same technological generation. Furthermore, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more possibilities to use shallow depth-of-field in order to isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be associated with larger, more expensive camera bodies and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Canon G16 features a 1/1.7-inch sensor and the Nikon D100 an APS-C sensor. The sensor area in the D100 is 781 percent bigger. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 4.65 and 1.5. The sensor in the G16 has a native 4:3 aspect ratio, while the one in the D100 offers a 3:2 aspect.

Canon G16 and Nikon D100 sensor measures

Despite having a smaller sensor, the Canon G16 offers a higher resolution of 12 megapixels, compared with 6 MP of the Nikon D100. This megapixels advantage comes at the cost of a higher pixel density and a smaller size of the individual pixel (with a pixel pitch of 1.87μm versus 7.85μm for the D100). However, it should be noted that the G16 is much more recent (by 11 years and 6 months) than the D100, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that make it possible to gather light more efficiently.

The resolution advantage of the Canon G16 implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the G16 for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 20 x 15 inches or 50.8 x 38.1 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 16 x 12 inches or 40.6 x 30.5 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 13.3 x 10 inches or 33.9 x 25.4 cm. The corresponding values for the Nikon D100 are 15 x 10 inches or 38.2 x 25.4 cm for good quality, 12 x 8 inches or 30.6 x 20.3 cm for very good quality, and 10 x 6.7 inches or 25.5 x 16.9 cm for excellent quality prints.

The Canon PowerShot G16 has a native sensitivity range from ISO 80 to ISO 12800. The corresponding ISO settings for the Nikon D100 are ISO 200 to ISO 800, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 200-1600.

G16 versus D100 MP

For many cameras, data on sensor performance has been reported by DXO Mark. This service assesses and scores the color depth ("DXO Portrait"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports") of camera sensors, and also publishes an overall camera score. The adjacent table reports on the physical sensor characteristics and the outcomes of the DXO sensor quality tests for a sample of comparator-cameras.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Canon G16 1/1.7 12.0 4000 30001080/60p21.011.7230 54
2.
 
Nikon D100 APS-C 6.0 3008 2000none...... ..
3.
 
Canon G1 X Mark II 1.5-inch 13.0 4160 31201080/30p21.510.8581 58
4.
 
Canon SL1 APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.811.3843 63
5.
 
Canon G1 X 1.5-inch 14.2 4352 32641080/24p21.710.8644 60
6.
 
Canon G15 1/1.7 12.0 4000 30001080/24p19.911.5165 46
7.
 
Canon M APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p22.111.2827 65
8.
 
Canon G12 1/1.7 10.0 3648 2736720/24p20.411.2161 47
9.
 
Canon 10D APS-C 6.3 3072 2048none21.110.9571 57
10.
 
Fujifilm X30 2/3 12.0 4000 30001080/60p...... ..
11.
 
Fujifilm X20 2/3 12.0 4000 30001080/60p...... ..
12.
 
Nikon P7800 1/1.7 12.0 4000 30001080/30p21.211.7200 54
13.
 
Nikon D90 APS-C 12.2 4288 2848720/24p22.712.5977 73
14.
 
Nikon D300 APS-C 12.2 4288 2848none22.112.0679 67
15.
 
Nikon D80 APS-C 10.0 3872 2592none22.111.2524 61
16.
 
Nikon D200 APS-C 10.0 3872 2592none22.311.5583 64
17.
 
Panasonic LX7 1/1.7 10.0 3648 27361080/60p20.711.7147 50

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but also of capturing video footage. The G16 indeed provides movie recording capabilities, while the D100 does not. The highest resolution format that the G16 can use is 1080/60p.

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Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a variety of features. The G16 and the D100 are similar in the sense that both have an optical viewfinder. The latter is useful for getting a clear image for framing even in brightly lit environments. The following table reports on some other key feature differences and similarities of the Canon G16, the Nikon D100, and comparable cameras.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
(000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Canon G16optical n 3.0 922 fixed n 1/4000s 2.2 Y Y
2.
 
Nikon D100optical Y 1.8 118 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
3.
 
Canon G1 X Mark IIoptional n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 5.2 Y Y
4.
 
Canon SL1optical n 3.0 1040 fixed Y 1/4000s 4.9 Y n
5.
 
Canon G1 Xoptical n 3.0 922 Swivel n 1/4000s 1.9 Y Y
6.
 
Canon G15optical n 3.0 922 fixed n 1/4000s 2.1 Y Y
7.
 
Canon Mnone n 3.0 1040 fixed Y 1/4000s 4.3 n n
8.
 
Canon G12optical n 2.8 461 swivel n 1/4000s 1.1 Y Y
9.
 
Canon 10Doptical Y 1.8 118 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
10.
 
Fujifilm X302360 n 3.0 920 tilting n 1/4000s 12.0 Y Y
11.
 
Fujifilm X20optical n 2.8 460 fixed n 1/4000s 12.0 Y Y
12.
 
Nikon P7800921 n 3.0 921 swivel n 1/4000s 8.0 Y Y
13.
 
Nikon D90optical Y 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 4.5 Y n
14.
 
Nikon D300optical Y 3.0 922 fixed n 1/8000s 6.0 Y n
15.
 
Nikon D80optical n 2.5 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
16.
 
Nikon D200optical Y 2.5 230 fixed n 1/8000s 5.0 Y n
17.
 
Panasonic LX7optional n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 11.0 Y Y

One feature that is present on the D100, but is missing on the G16 is a top-level LCD. While being, of course, smaller than the rear screen, the control panel conveys some of the essential shooting information and can be convenient for quick and easy settings verification.

The Canon G16 has an intervalometer built-in. This enables the photographer to capture time lapse sequences, such as flower blooming, a sunset or moon rise, without purchasing an external camera trigger and related software.

The G16 writes its imaging data to SDXC cards, while the D100 uses Compact Flash cards.

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Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Canon PowerShot G16 and Nikon D100 and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Canon G16Ystereomono--mini2.0Y--
2.
 
Nikon D100Y-----1.1---
3.
 
Canon G1 X Mark IIYstereomono--mini2.0YY-
4.
 
Canon SL1YmonomonoY-mini2.0---
5.
 
Canon G1 XYstereomono--mini2.0---
6.
 
Canon G15Ystereomono--mini2.0---
7.
 
Canon MYstereomonoY-mini2.0---
8.
 
Canon G12Ystereomono--mini2.0---
9.
 
Canon 10DY-----1.1---
10.
 
Fujifilm X30Ystereomono--micro2.0Y--
11.
 
Fujifilm X20Ystereomono--micro2.0---
12.
 
Nikon P7800YstereomonoY-mini2.0---
13.
 
Nikon D90Ymonomono--mini2.0---
14.
 
Nikon D300Y----mini2.0---
15.
 
Nikon D80Y-----2.0---
16.
 
Nikon D200Y-----2.0---
17.
 
Panasonic LX7Ystereomono--mini2.0---

It is notable that the G16 offers wifi support, while the D100 does not. Wifi can be a very convenient means to transfer image data to an off-camera location.

The G16 is a recent model that features in the current product line-up of Canon. In contrast, the D100 has been discontinued (but can be found pre-owned on eBay). As a replacement in the same line of cameras, the D100 was succeeded by the Nikon D200. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Canon and Nikon websites.

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Review summary

So how do things add up? Is the Canon G16 better than the Nikon D100 or vice versa? The listing below highlights the relative strengths of the two models.

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Reasons to prefer the Canon PowerShot G16:

  • More detail: Offers more megapixels (12 vs 6MP) with a 38% higher linear resolution.
  • Broader imaging potential: Can record not only still images but also 1080/60p movies.
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.0" vs 1.8") for image review and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (922k vs 118k dots).
  • Easier time-lapse photography: Has an intervalometer built-in for low frequency shooting.
  • Ready to shoot: Comes with a built-in lens, while the D100 requires a separate lens.
  • More compact: Is smaller (109x76mm vs 144x116mm) and thus needs less room in the bag.
  • Less heavy: Is lighter even though it comes with a built-in lens (unlike the D100).
  • Sharper images: Has hand-shake reducing image stabilization built-in.
  • Faster data transfer: Supports a more advanced USB protocol (2.0 vs 1.1).
  • Easier file upload: Has wifi built in for automatic backup or image transfer to the web.
  • More affordable: Was introduced at a lower price, despite coming with a built-in lens.
  • More modern: Reflects 11 years and 6 months of technical progress since the D100 launch.

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Arguments in favor of the Nikon D100:

  • Better image quality: Features bigger pixels on a larger sensor for higher quality imaging.
  • Richer colors: The pixel size advantage translates into images with better, more accurate colors.
  • More dynamic range: Larger pixels capture a wider spectrum of light and dark details.
  • Better low-light sensitivity: Larger pixels means good image quality even under poor lighting.
  • Easier setting verification: Features a control panel on top to check shooting parameters.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (3 vs 2.2 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • More flexible: Makes it possible to change lenses and thus to use specialty optics.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been around for much longer (launched in February 2002).

If the count of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a measure, the G16 is the clear winner of the match-up (13 : 8 points). However, the relative importance of the various individual camera aspects will vary according to personal preferences and needs, so that you might like to apply corresponding weights to the particular features before making a decision on a new camera. A professional wedding photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a travel photog, and a person interested in cityscapes has distinct needs from a macro shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

G16 13:08 D100

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Canon G16 and the Nikon D100 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best Travel-Zoom Camera and Best DSLR Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the specs-based evaluation of cameras can be instructive in revealing their potential as photographic tools, it remains partial and cannot reveal, for example, the shooting experience and imaging performance when actually working with the G16 or the D100. User reviews that are available, for instance, at amazon can sometimes shed light on these issues, but such feedback is all too often partial, inconsistent, and inaccurate.

Expert reviews

This is why hands-on reviews by experts are important. The following table reports the overall ratings of the cameras as published by some of the major camera review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon G164/5+..4.5/54.5/5 Aug 2013 549 i
2.
 
Nikon D100....+ +o.. Feb 2002 1,999 i
3.
 
Canon G1 X Mark II3/5+77/1004/54.5/5 Feb 2014 799 i
4.
 
Canon SL14/5+78/1004/54/5 Mar 2013 549 i
5.
 
Canon G1 X5/5+76/1004/54.5/5 Jan 2012 799 i
6.
 
Canon G154/5+76/1004.5/54.5/5 Sep 2012 499 i
7.
 
Canon M3/5+..4/54/5 Jul 2012 599 i
8.
 
Canon G124/5+73/1004.5/54.5/5 Sep 2010 499 i
9.
 
Canon 10D....+ +.... Feb 2003 1,999 i
10.
 
Fujifilm X304/5..76/1004.5/54.5/5 Aug 2014 599 i
11.
 
Fujifilm X204/5+ +77/1004.5/55/5 Jan 2013 599 i
12.
 
Nikon P78003/5....4/54.5/5 Sep 2013 549 i
13.
 
Nikon D90..+ ++ +4/54.5/5 Aug 2008 1,299 i
14.
 
Nikon D300..+ ++ +5/54.5/5 Aug 2007 1,799 i
15.
 
Nikon D80..++ +o4.5/5 Aug 2006 999 i
16.
 
Nikon D200..+ ++ +o.. Nov 2005 1,699 i
17.
 
Panasonic LX73/5+ +75/1004/54.5/5 Jul 2012 499 i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

The review scores listed above should be treated with care, though. The ratings were established in reference to similarly priced cameras that were available in the market at the time of the review. Thus, a score needs to be put into the context of the launch date and the launch price of the camera, and comparisons of ratings among very different cameras or across long time periods have little meaning. It should also be noted that some of the review sites have over time altered the way they render their verdicts.

Canon G16:
Check Amazon price
Nikon D100:
Check Ebay offers

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? If you would like to see a different side-by-side camera review, just use the search menu below. Alternatively, you can follow any of the listed hyperlinks for comparisons that others found interesting.

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    Specifications: Canon G16 vs Nikon D100

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Canon G16 Nikon D100
    Camera Type Fixed lens compact camera Digital single lens reflex
    Camera Lens 28-140mm f/1.8-2.8 Nikon F mount lenses
    Launch Date August 2013 February 2002
    Launch Price USD 549 USD 1,999
    Sensor Specs Canon G16 Nikon D100
    Sensor Technology BSI-CMOS CCD
    Sensor Format 1/1.7" Sensor APS-C Sensor
    Sensor Size 7.44 x 5.58 mm 23.7 x 15.6 mm
    Sensor Area 41.5152 mm2 369.72 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 9.3 mm 28.4 mm
    Crop Factor 4.65x 1.5x
    Sensor Resolution 12 Megapixels 6 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 4000 x 3000 pixels 3008 x 2000 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 1.87 μm 7.85 μm
    Pixel Density 28.91 MP/cm2 1.63 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability 1080/60p Video no Video
    ISO Setting 80 - 12,800 ISO 200 - 800 ISO
    ISO Boost no Enhancement 200 - 1,600 ISO
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) 54 ..
    DXO Color Depth (bits) 21.0 ..
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) 11.7 ..
    DXO Low Light (ISO) 230 ..
    Screen Specs Canon G16 Nikon D100
    Viewfinder Type Optical viewfinder Optical viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 80% 95%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.53x
    Top-Level Screen no Top Display Control Panel
    LCD Framing Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0inch 1.8inch
    LCD Resolution 922k dots 118k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Fixed screen
    Shooting Specs Canon G16 Nikon D100
    Focus System Contrast-detect AF Phase-detect AF
    Manual Focusing AidFocus Peakingno Peaking Feature
    Continuous Shooting 2.2 shutter flaps/s 3 shutter flaps/s
    Time-Lapse PhotographyIntervalometer built-inno Intervalometer
    Fill Flash Built-in Flash Built-in Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards CF cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    Connectivity Specs Canon G16 Nikon D100
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 1.1
    HDMI Port mini HDMI no HDMI
    Wifi Support Wifi built-in no Wifi
    Body Specs Canon G16 Nikon D100
    Battery Type NB-10L EN-EL3
    Battery Life (CIPA)360 shots per charge370 shots per charge
    Body Dimensions 109 x 76 x 40 mm
    (4.3 x 3.0 x 1.6 in)
    144 x 116 x 81 mm
    (5.7 x 4.6 x 3.2 in)
    Camera Weight 356 g (12.6 oz) 780 g (27.5 oz)

    Did you notice an error on this page? If so, please get in touch, so that we can correct the information.

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