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Canon D30 vs Leica M Typ 262

The Canon EOS-D30 and the Leica M (Typ 262) are two digital cameras that were announced, respectively, in May 2000 and November 2015. The D30 is a DSLR, while the M Typ 262 is a rangefinder-style mirrorless camera. The cameras are based on an APS-C (D30) and a full frame (M Typ 262) sensor. The Canon has a resolution of 3.1 megapixels, whereas the Leica provides 23.7 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Canon D30
versus
Leica M Typ 262
Canon D30 Leica M Typ 262
Digital single lens reflex Rangefinder camera
Canon EF mount lenses Leica M mount lenses
3.1 MP, APS-C Sensor 23.7 MP, Full Frame Sensor
no Video no Video
ISO 100-1,600 ISO 200-6,400
Optical viewfinder Optical viewfinder
1.8 LCD, 114k dots 3.0 LCD, 921k dots
Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive) Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive)
3 shutter flaps per second 3 shutter flaps per second
not weather sealedWeathersealed body
150 x 107 x 75 mm, 750 g 139 x 80 x 42 mm, 680 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Canon EOS-D30 and the Leica M (Typ 262)? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The physical size and weight of the Canon D30 and the Leica M Typ 262 are illustrated in the side-by-side display below. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three consecutive views from the front, the top, and the rear side are shown. All width, height and depth dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

The M Typ 262 can be obtained in two different colors (black, silver), while the D30 is only available in black.

Size Canon D30 vs Leica M Typ 262
Compare D30 versus M Typ 262 top
Comparison D30 or M Typ 262 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Leica M Typ 262 is considerably smaller (31 percent) than the Canon D30. Moreover, the M Typ 262 is markedly lighter (9 percent) than the D30. It is noteworthy in this context that the M Typ 262 is splash and dust-proof, while the D30 does not feature any corresponding weather-sealing.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete since they do not consider the interchangeable lenses that both of these cameras require. A larger imaging sensor will tend to go along with bigger and heavier lenses, although exceptions exist. You can compare the optics available for the two cameras in the Canon EF Lens Catalog (D30) and the Leica M Lens Catalog (M Typ 262).

The adjacent table lists the principal physical characteristics of the two cameras alongside a wider set of alternatives. In case you want to display and compare another camera duo, you can use the CAM-parator app to select your camera combination among a large number of options.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon D30 150 mm 107 mm 75 mm 750 g 540 n May 2000 2,999 i
2.
 
Leica M Typ 262 139 mm 80 mm 42 mm 680 g .. Y Nov 2015 5,195 i
3.
 
Canon 77D 131 mm 100 mm 76 mm 540 g 600 n Feb 2017 899 i
4.
 
Canon 200D 122 mm 93 mm 70 mm 453 g 650 n Jun 2017 549 i
5.
 
Canon 5D Mark IV 151 mm 116 mm 76 mm 890 g 900 Y Aug 2016 3,499 i
6.
 
Canon 80D 139 mm 105 mm 79 mm 730 g 960 Y Feb 2016 1,199 i
7.
 
Canon 40D 146 mm 108 mm 74 mm 822 g 750 n Aug 2007 1,299 i
8.
 
Canon 30D 144 mm 106 mm 74 mm 785 g 750 n Feb 2006 1,399 i
9.
 
Canon 20D 144 mm 106 mm 72 mm 770 g 700 n Aug 2004 1,499 i
10.
 
Canon 10D 150 mm 107 mm 75 mm 850 g 500 n Feb 2003 1,999 i
11.
 
Canon 300D 142 mm 99 mm 72 mm 649 g 400 n Aug 2003 899 i
12.
 
Canon D60 150 mm 107 mm 75 mm 855 g 620 n Feb 2002 2,999 i
13.
 
Leica M-E Typ 240 139 mm 80 mm 42 mm 680 g .. Y Jun 2019 3,999 i
14.
 
Leica M10-P 139 mm 80 mm 39 mm 660 g 210 Y Aug 2018 7,995 i
15.
 
Leica M10 139 mm 80 mm 39 mm 660 g 210 Y Jan 2017 6,595 i
16.
 
Leica M Typ 240 139 mm 80 mm 42 mm 680 g .. Y Sep 2012 6,950 i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will obviously take relative prices into account. The manufacturer’s suggested retail prices give an idea on the placement of the camera in the maker’s lineup and the broader market. The D30 was launched at a markedly lower price (by 42 percent) than the M Typ 262, which puts it into a different market segment. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

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Sensor comparison

The size of the imaging sensor is a crucial determinant of image quality. A large sensor will tend to have larger individual pixels that provide better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixel-units in a sensor of the same technological generation. Furthermore, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more possibilities to use shallow depth-of-field in order to isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors are more costly to manufacture and tend to lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Canon D30 features an APS-C sensor and the Leica M Typ 262 a full frame sensor. The sensor area in the M Typ 262 is 161 percent bigger. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 1.6 and 1.0. Both cameras have a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 3:2.

Technology-wise, both cameras are equipped with CMOS (Complementary Metal–Oxide–Semiconductor) sensors.

Canon D30 and Leica M Typ 262 sensor measures

With 23.7MP, the M Typ 262 offers a higher resolution than the D30 (3.1MP), but the M Typ 262 has smaller individual pixels (pixel pitch of 6.01μm versus 10.29μm for the D30). Yet, the M Typ 262 is a much more recent model (by 15 years and 6 months) than the D30, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixel-units. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that the M Typ 262 has no anti-alias filter installed, so that it can capture all the detail its sensor resolves.

The resolution advantage of the Leica M Typ 262 implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the M Typ 262 for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 29.8 x 19.9 inches or 75.6 x 50.5 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 23.8 x 15.9 inches or 60.5 x 40.4 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 19.8 x 13.3 inches or 50.4 x 33.7 cm. The corresponding values for the Canon D30 are 10.8 x 7.2 inches or 27.4 x 18.3 cm for good quality, 8.6 x 5.8 inches or 21.9 x 14.6 cm for very good quality, and 7.2 x 4.8 inches or 18.3 x 12.2 cm for excellent quality prints.

The Canon EOS-D30 has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 1600. The corresponding ISO settings for the Leica M (Typ 262) are ISO 200 to ISO 6400, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 100-6400.

D30 versus M Typ 262 MP

Since 2007, DXO Mark has published sensor performance measurements that have been derived using a consistent methodology. This service determines an overall sensor rating, as well as sub-scores for low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and color depth ("DXO Portrait"). The table below summarizes the physical sensor characteristics and sensor quality findings and compares them across a set of similar cameras.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Canon D30 APS-C 3.1 2160 1440none...... ..
2.
 
Leica M Typ 262 Full Frame 23.7 5952 3976none...... ..
3.
 
Canon 77D APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.613.3971 78
4.
 
Canon 200D APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.613.41041 79
5.
 
Canon 5D Mark IV Full Frame 30.1 6720 44804K/30p24.813.62995 91
6.
 
Canon 80D APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.613.21135 79
7.
 
Canon 40D APS-C 10.1 3888 2592none22.111.3703 64
8.
 
Canon 30D APS-C 8.2 3504 2336none21.510.8736 59
9.
 
Canon 20D APS-C 8.2 3504 2336none21.911.0721 62
10.
 
Canon 10D APS-C 6.3 3072 2048none21.110.9571 57
11.
 
Canon 300D APS-C 6.3 3072 2048none21.010.8544 55
12.
 
Canon D60 APS-C 6.3 3072 2048none...... ..
13.
 
Leica M-E Typ 240 Full Frame 23.7 5952 39761080/25p...... ..
14.
 
Leica M10-P Full Frame 23.8 5952 3992none...... ..
15.
 
Leica M10 Full Frame 23.8 5952 3992none24.413.22133 86
16.
 
Leica M Typ 240 Full Frame 23.7 5952 39761080/25p24.013.31860 84
Neither the D30 nor the M Typ 262 offer Live View, so that they cannot project the live image that the sensor receives onto the rear screen. Moreover, both cameras are still-image focused and cannot record videos.
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Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a variety of features. The D30 and the M Typ 262 are similar in the sense that both have an optical viewfinder. The latter is useful for getting a clear image for framing even in brightly lit environments. The viewfinder in the M Typ 262 offers a wider field of view (100%) than the one in the D30 (95%), so that a larger proportion of the captured image is visible in the finder. In addition, the viewfinder of the M Typ 262 has a higher magnification (0.68x vs 0.54x), so that the size of the image transmitted appears closer to the size seen with the naked human eye. The following table reports on some other key feature differences and similarities of the Canon D30, the Leica M Typ 262, and comparable cameras.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
(000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Canon D30optical Y 1.8 114 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
2.
 
Leica M Typ 262optical n 3.0 921 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 n n
3.
 
Canon 77Doptical Y 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 6.0 Y n
4.
 
Canon 200Doptical n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
5.
 
Canon 5D Mark IVoptical Y 3.2 1620 fixed Y 1/8000s 7.0 n n
6.
 
Canon 80Doptical Y 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/8000s 7.0 Y n
7.
 
Canon 40Doptical Y 3.0 230 fixed n 1/8000s 6.5 Y n
8.
 
Canon 30Doptical Y 2.5 230 fixed n 1/8000s 5.0 Y n
9.
 
Canon 20Doptical Y 1.8 118 fixed n 1/8000s 5.0 Y n
10.
 
Canon 10Doptical Y 1.8 118 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
11.
 
Canon 300Doptical n 1.8 118 fixed n 1/4000s 2.5 Y n
12.
 
Canon D60optical Y 1.8 114 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
13.
 
Leica M-E Typ 240optical n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 n n
14.
 
Leica M10-Poptical n 3.0 1037 fixed Y 1/4000s 5.0 n n
15.
 
Leica M10optical n 3.0 1037 fixed n 1/4000s 5.0 n n
16.
 
Leica M Typ 240optical n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 n n

One difference between the cameras concerns the presence of an on-board flash. The D30 has one, while the M Typ 262 does not. While the built-in flash of the D30 is not very powerful, it can at times be useful as a fill-in light.

The D30 writes its imaging data to Compact Flash cards, while the M Typ 262 uses SDXC cards.

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Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Canon EOS-D30 and Leica M (Typ 262) and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Canon D30Y-----1.0---
2.
 
Leica M Typ 262Y-----2.0---
3.
 
Canon 77DYstereomonoY-mini2.0YYY
4.
 
Canon 200DYstereomonoY-mini2.0YYY
5.
 
Canon 5D Mark IVYmonomonoYYmini3.0YY-
6.
 
Canon 80DYstereomonoYYmini2.0YY-
7.
 
Canon 40DY-----2.0---
8.
 
Canon 30DY-----2.0---
9.
 
Canon 20DY-----1.1---
10.
 
Canon 10DY-----1.1---
11.
 
Canon 300DY-----1.1---
12.
 
Canon D60Y-----1.1---
13.
 
Leica M-E Typ 240Ymono----2.0---
14.
 
Leica M10-PY------Y--
15.
 
Leica M10Y------Y--
16.
 
Leica M Typ 240Ystereomono---2.0---

Studio photographers will appreciate that the Canon D30 (unlike the M Typ 262) features a PC Sync socket, so that professional strobe lights can be controlled by the camera.

Both the D30 and the M Typ 262 have been discontinued, but can regularly be found used on eBay. The D30 was replaced by the Canon D60, while the M Typ 262 was followed by the Leica M10. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Canon and Leica websites.

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Review summary

So what is the bottom line? Is there a clear favorite between the Canon D30 and the Leica M Typ 262? Which camera is better? A synthesis of the relative strong points of each of the models is listed below.

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Reasons to prefer the Canon EOS-D30:

  • Better moiré control: Has an anti-alias filter to avoid artificial patterns to appear in images.
  • Easier setting verification: Features an LCD display on top to control shooting parameters.
  • Easier fill-in: Is equipped with a small onboard flash to brighten deep shadow areas.
  • Better studio light control: Has a PC Sync socket to connect to professional strobe lights.
  • More affordable: Was introduced into a lower priced category (42 percent cheaper at launch).
  • More heavily discounted: Has been available for much longer (launched in May 2000).

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Arguments in favor of the Leica M (Typ 262):

  • More detail: Has more megapixels (23.7 vs 3.1MP), which boosts linear resolution by 176%.
  • Maximized detail: Lacks an anti-alias filter to exploit the sensor's full resolution potential.
  • Better image quality: Is equipped with a larger and more technologically advanced sensor.
  • Richer colors: The sensor size advantage translates into images with better, more accurate colors.
  • More dynamic range: Larger sensor captures a wider spectrum of light and dark details.
  • Better low-light sensitivity: Larger sensor produces good images even in poorly lit environments.
  • More complete view: Has a viewfinder with a larger field of view (100% vs 95%).
  • Larger viewfinder image: Features a viewfinder with a higher magnification (0.68x vs 0.54x).
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.0" vs 1.8") for image review and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (921k vs 114k dots).
  • More compact: Is smaller (139x80mm vs 150x107mm) and will fit more readily into a bag.
  • Better sealing: Is splash and dust sealed for shooting in inclement weather conditions.
  • Faster data transfer: Supports a more advanced USB protocol (2.0 vs 1.0).
  • More prestigious: Has the Leica luxury appeal, which ensures a high resale value.
  • More modern: Reflects 15 years and 6 months of technical progress since the D30 launch.

If the count of individual advantages (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the M Typ 262 is the clear winner of the contest (15 : 6 points). However, the relevance of individual strengths will vary across photographers, so that you might want to apply your own weighing scheme to the summary points when reflecting and deciding on a new camera. A professional wedding photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a travel photog, and a person interested in cityscapes has distinct needs from a macro shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

D30 06:15 M Typ 262

In any case, while the specs-based evaluation of cameras can be instructive in revealing their potential as photographic tools, it says little about, for example, the shooting experience and imaging performance of the D30 and the M Typ 262 in practical situations. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.

Expert reviews

This is where reviews by experts come in. The table below provides a synthesis of the camera assessments of some of the best known photo-gear review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon D30....+ +.... May 2000 2,999 i
2.
 
Leica M Typ 262.......... Nov 2015 5,195 i
3.
 
Canon 77D4.5/5..82/1004.5/54/5 Feb 2017 899 i
4.
 
Canon 200D4/5+ +78/1004.5/54.5/5 Jun 2017 549 i
5.
 
Canon 5D Mark IV4.5/5+ +87/1004.5/54.5/5 Aug 2016 3,499 i
6.
 
Canon 80D4/5+ +84/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2016 1,199 i
7.
 
Canon 40D..+ ++ +4.5/54.5/5 Aug 2007 1,299 i
8.
 
Canon 30D..+ ++ +o.. Feb 2006 1,399 i
9.
 
Canon 20D....+ +.... Aug 2004 1,499 i
10.
 
Canon 10D....+ +.... Feb 2003 1,999 i
11.
 
Canon 300D....+ +.... Aug 2003 899 i
12.
 
Canon D60....+ +o.. Feb 2002 2,999 i
13.
 
Leica M-E Typ 240.......... Jun 2019 3,999 i
14.
 
Leica M10-P........4/5 Aug 2018 7,995 i
15.
 
Leica M104.5/5....4/54.5/5 Jan 2017 6,595 i
16.
 
Leica M Typ 2404/5....4/5.. Sep 2012 6,950 i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The assessments were made in relation to similar cameras of the same technological generation. Thus, a score needs to be put into the context of the launch date and the launch price of the camera, and comparing ratings of very distinct cameras or ones that are far apart in terms of their release date have little meaning. Also, please note that some of the review sites have changed their methodology and reporting over time.

Canon D30:
Check Ebay offers
Leica M Typ 262:
Check Ebay offers

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you would like to check on the differences and similarities of other camera models, just make your choice using the following search menu. Alternatively, you can follow any of the listed hyperlinks for comparisons that others found interesting.

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    Specifications: Canon D30 vs Leica M Typ 262

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Canon D30 Leica M Typ 262
    Camera Type Digital single lens reflex Rangefinder camera
    Camera Lens Canon EF mount lenses Leica M mount lenses
    Launch Date May 2000 November 2015
    Launch Price USD 2,999 USD 5,195
    Sensor Specs Canon D30 Leica M Typ 262
    Sensor Technology CMOS CMOS
    Sensor Format APS-C Sensor Full Frame Sensor
    Sensor Size 22.0 x 14.9 mm 35.8 x 23.9 mm
    Sensor Area 327.8 mm2 855.62 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 26.6 mm 43 mm
    Crop Factor 1.6x 1.0x
    Sensor Resolution 3.1 Megapixels 23.7 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 2160 x 1440 pixels 5952 x 3976 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 10.29 μm 6.01 μm
    Pixel Density 0.95 MP/cm2 2.77 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter no AA filter
    Movie Capability no Video no Video
    ISO Setting 100 - 1,600 ISO 200 - 6,400 ISO
    ISO Boost no Enhancement 100 - 6,400 ISO
    Screen Specs Canon D30 Leica M Typ 262
    Viewfinder Type Optical viewfinder Optical viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 95% 100%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.54x 0.68x
    Top-Level Screen Control Panel no Top Display
    Rear LCD Size 1.8inch 3.0inch
    LCD Resolution 114k dots 921k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Fixed screen
    Shooting Specs Canon D30 Leica M Typ 262
    Focus System Phase-detect AF Manual Focus
    Manual Focusing Aidno Peaking FeatureFocus Peaking
    Max Shutter Speed (mechanical) 1/4000s 1/4000s
    Continuous Shooting 3 shutter flaps/s 3 shutter flaps/s
    Fill Flash Built-in Flash no On-Board Flash
    Storage Medium CF cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    Connectivity Specs Canon D30 Leica M Typ 262
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    Studio Flash PC Sync socket no PC Sync
    USB Connector USB 1.0 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port no HDMI no HDMI
    Wifi Support no Wifi no Wifi
    Body Specs Canon D30 Leica M Typ 262
    Environmental Sealingnot weather sealedWeathersealed body
    Battery Type BP-511 BP-SCL2
    Body Dimensions 150 x 107 x 75 mm
    (5.9 x 4.2 x 3.0 in)
    139 x 80 x 42 mm
    (5.5 x 3.1 x 1.7 in)
    Camera Weight 750 g (26.5 oz) 680 g (24.0 oz)

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