Ur-Leica Tamron Camera Comparison
Leica 1600mm Soligor Exif data
A potelyt.com – Photography & Imaging Resources
ad
PW

Canon 77D vs M3

The Canon EOS 77D and the Canon EOS M3 are two digital cameras that were revealed to the public, respectively, in February 2017 and February 2015. The 77D is a DSLR, while the M3 is a mirrorless interchangeable lens camera. Both cameras are equipped with an APS-C sensor. Both cameras offer a resolution of 24 megapixels.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Canon 77D versus Canon M3
Canon 77D Canon M3
Digital single lens reflex Mirrorless system camera
Canon EF mount lenses Canon EF-M mount lenses
24 MP, APS-C Sensor 24 MP, APS-C Sensor
1080/60p Video 1080/30p Video
ISO 100-25,600 (100 - 51,200) ISO 100-12,800 (100 - 25,600)
Optical viewfinder Viewfinder optional
3.0 LCD, 1040k dots 3.0 LCD, 1040k dots
Swivel touchscreen Tilting touchscreen
6 shutter flaps per second 4.2 shutter flaps per second
600 shots per battery charge250 shots per battery charge
131 x 100 x 76 mm, 540 g 111 x 68 x 44 mm, 366 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Canon EOS 77D and the Canon EOS M3? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The physical size and weight of the Canon 77D and the Canon M3 are illustrated in the side-by-side display below. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three consecutive perspectives from the front, the top, and the back are available. All size dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

The M3 can be obtained in two different colors (black, white), while the 77D is only available in black.

Size Canon 77D vs Canon M3
Compare 77D versus M3 top
Comparison 77D or M3 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Canon M3 is considerably smaller (42 percent) than the Canon 77D. Moreover, the M3 is markedly lighter (32 percent) than the 77D. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the 77D nor the M3 are weather-sealed.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete since they do not consider the interchangeable lenses that both of these cameras require. Hence, you might want to study and compare the specifications of available lenses in order to get the full picture of the size and weight of the two camera systems.

The adjacent table lists the principal physical characteristics of the two cameras alongside a wider set of alternatives. If you would like to visualize and compare a different camera combination, you can navigate to the CAM-parator app and make your selection from a broad list of cameras there.

scroll hint
Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon 77D 131 mm 100 mm 76 mm 540 g 600 n Feb 2017 899 i
2.
 
Canon M3 111 mm 68 mm 44 mm 366 g 250 n Feb 2015 679i
3.
 
Canon T8i 131 mm 103 mm 76 mm 515 g 800 n Feb 2020 749 i
4.
 
Canon T7 129 mm 101 mm 78 mm 475 g 500 n Feb 2018 449 i
5.
 
Canon M6 112 mm 68 mm 45 mm 390 g 295 n Feb 2017 779i
6.
 
Canon SL2 122 mm 93 mm 70 mm 453 g 650 n Jun 2017 549i
7.
 
Canon T7i 131 mm 100 mm 76 mm 532 g 600 n Feb 2017 749i
8.
 
Canon M5 116 mm 89 mm 61 mm 427 g 295 n Sep 2016 979 i
9.
 
Canon T6 129 mm 101 mm 78 mm 485 g 500 n Mar 2016 449i
10.
 
Canon T6i 132 mm 101 mm 78 mm 555 g 440 n Feb 2015 749i
11.
 
Canon T6s 132 mm 101 mm 78 mm 565 g 440 n Feb 2015 649i
12.
 
Canon G7 X 103 mm 60 mm 40 mm 304 g 210 n Sep 2014 699i
13.
 
Canon M 109 mm 66 mm 32 mm 298 g 230 n Jul 2012 599i
14.
 
Canon T4i 133 mm 100 mm 79 mm 575 g 440 n Jun 2012 849i
15.
 
Canon T3i 133 mm 100 mm 80 mm 570 g 440 n Feb 2011 599i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

The price is, of course, an important factor in any camera decision. The manufacturer’s suggested retail prices give an idea on the placement of the camera in the maker’s lineup and the broader market. The M3 was launched at a somewhat lower price (by 24 percent) than the 77D, which makes it more attractive for photographers on a tight budget. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down. Then, after the new model is out, very good deals can frequently be found on the pre-owned market.

ad

Sensor comparison

The size of the imaging sensor is a crucial determinant of image quality. A large sensor will generally have larger individual pixels that offer better low-light sensitivity, provide wider dynamic range, and have richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Further, a large sensor camera will give the photographer additional creative options when using shallow depth-of-field to isolate a subject from its background. On the downside, larger sensors are more costly to manufacture and tend to lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Both cameras under consideration feature an APS-C sensor and have a format factor (sometimes also referred to as "crop factor") of 1.6. Within the spectrum of camera sensors, this places the review cameras among the medium-sized sensor cameras that aim to strike a balance between image quality and portability. Both cameras have a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 3:2.

In terms of chip-set technology, the 77D uses a more advanced image processing engine (DIGIC 7) than the M3 (DIGIC 6), with benefits for noise reduction, color accuracy, and processing speed.

Canon 77D and Canon M3 sensor measures

The two cameras under review do not only share the same sensor size, but also offer an identical resolution of 24 megapixels. This similarity in sensor specs implies that both the 77D and the M3 have the same pixel density, as well as the same pixel size. It should, however, be noted that the 77D is much more recent (by 2 years) than the M3, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time.

The Canon EOS 77D has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 25600, which can be extended to ISO 100-51200. The corresponding ISO settings for the Canon EOS M3 are ISO 100 to ISO 12800, with the possibility to increase the ISO range to 100-25600.

77D versus M3 MP

For many cameras, data on sensor performance has been reported by DXO Mark. This service determines an overall sensor rating, as well as sub-scores for low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and color depth ("DXO Portrait"). Of the two cameras under review, the 77D has a notably higher overall DXO score than the M3 (overall score 6 points higher), which gives it an advantage in terms of imaging quality. This advantage is based on 0.8 bits higher color depth, 1.5 EV in additional dynamic range, and 0.3 stops of reduced low light sensitivity. The adjacent table reports on the physical sensor characteristics and the outcomes of the DXO sensor quality tests for a sample of comparator-cameras.

scroll hint
Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Canon 77D APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.613.397178
2.
 
Canon M3 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p22.811.8116972
3.
 
Canon T8i APS-C 24.0 6000 40004K/24p........
4.
 
Canon T7 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p........
5.
 
Canon M6 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p........
6.
 
Canon SL2 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.613.4104179
7.
 
Canon T7i APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p........
8.
 
Canon M5 APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.412.4126277
9.
 
Canon T6 APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p........
10.
 
Canon T6i APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p22.712.091971
11.
 
Canon T6s APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p22.612.091570
12.
 
Canon G7 X 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p23.012.755671
13.
 
Canon M APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p22.111.282765
14.
 
Canon T4i APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.711.272262
15.
 
Canon T3i APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p22.111.579365

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but also of capturing video footage. The two cameras under consideration both have sensors whose read-out speed is fast enough to capture moving pictures, but the 77D provides a higher frame rate than the M3. It can shoot video footage at 1080/60p, while the M3 is limited to 1080/30p.

ad

Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a variety of features. For example, the 77D has an optical viewfinder, which can be very useful when shooting in bright sunlight. In contrast, the M3 relies on live view and the rear LCD for framing. That said, the M3 can be equipped with an optional viewfinder – the EVF-DC1. The adjacent table lists some of the other core features of the Canon 77D and Canon M3 along with similar information for a selection of comparators.

scroll hint
Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
(000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Canon 77Doptical Y 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 6.0 Y n
2.
 
Canon M3optional n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 4.2 Y n
3.
 
Canon T8ioptical n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 7.5 Y n
4.
 
Canon T7optical n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
5.
 
Canon M6optional n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/4000s 9.0 Y n
6.
 
Canon SL2optical n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
7.
 
Canon T7ioptical n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 6.0 Y n
8.
 
Canon M52360 n 3.2 1620 tilting Y 1/4000s 9.0 Y n
9.
 
Canon T6optical n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
10.
 
Canon T6ioptical n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
11.
 
Canon T6soptical Y 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
12.
 
Canon G7 Xnone n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 1/2000s 6.5 Y Y
13.
 
Canon Mnone n 3.0 1040 fixed Y 1/4000s 4.3 n n
14.
 
Canon T4ioptical n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
15.
 
Canon T3ioptical n 3.0 1040 swivel n 1/4000s 3.7 Y n

One feature that is present on the 77D, but is missing on the M3 is a top-level LCD. While being, of course, smaller than the rear screen, the control panel conveys some of the essential shooting information and can be convenient for quick and easy settings verification.

Both cameras have an articulated rear screen that can be turned to be front-facing. This feature will be particularly appreciated by vloggers and photographers who are interested in taking selfies.

The Canon 77D has an intervalometer built-in. This enables the photographer to capture time lapse sequences, such as flower blooming, a sunset or moon rise, without purchasing an external camera trigger and related software.

Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the 77D and the M3 write their files to SDXC cards. Both cameras can use UHS-I cards, which provide for Ultra High Speed data transfer of up to 104 MB/s.

ad

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Canon EOS 77D and Canon EOS M3 and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

scroll hint
Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Canon 77DYstereomonoY-mini2.0YYY
2.
 
Canon M3YstereomonoY-mini2.0YY-
3.
 
Canon T8iYstereomonoY-mini2.0Y-Y
4.
 
Canon T7Ymonomono--mini2.0YY-
5.
 
Canon M6YstereomonoY-mini2.0YYY
6.
 
Canon SL2YstereomonoY-mini2.0YYY
7.
 
Canon T7iYstereomonoY-mini2.0YYY
8.
 
Canon M5YstereomonoY-mini2.0YYY
9.
 
Canon T6Ymonomono--mini2.0YY-
10.
 
Canon T6iYstereomonoY-mini2.0YY-
11.
 
Canon T6sYstereomonoY-mini2.0YY-
12.
 
Canon G7 X-stereomono--micro2.0YY-
13.
 
Canon MYstereomonoY-mini2.0---
14.
 
Canon T4iYstereomonoY-mini2.0---
15.
 
Canon T3iYmonomonoY-mini2.0---

The 77D is a recent model that features in the current product line-up of Canon. In contrast, the M3 has been discontinued (but can be found pre-owned on eBay). As a replacement in the same line of cameras, the M3 was succeeded by the Canon M6. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Canon website.

ad

Review summary

So how do things add up? Which of the two cameras – the Canon 77D or the Canon M3 – has the upper hand? Is one clearly better than the other? The listing below highlights the relative strengths of the two models.


Advantages of the Canon EOS 77D:

  • Better image quality: Scores markedly higher (6 points) in the DXO overall assessment.
  • More dynamic range: Captures a larger spectrum of light and dark details (1.5 EV of extra DR).
  • Better jpgs: Has a more modern image processing engine (DIGIC 7 vs DIGIC 6).
  • Better video: Provides higher movie framerates (1080/60p versus 1080/30p).
  • Easier framing: Has an optical viewfinder for image composition and settings control.
  • Easier setting verification: Features an LCD display on top to control shooting parameters.
  • More flexible LCD: Has a swivel screen for odd-angle shots in portrait or landscape orientation.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (6 vs 4.2 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Easier time-lapse photography: Has an intervalometer built-in for low frequency shooting.
  • Longer lasting: Can take more shots (600 versus 250) on a single battery charge.
  • Easier wireless transfer: Supports Bluetooth for image sharing without cables.
  • More modern: Reflects 2 years of technical progress since the M3 launch.


Arguments in favor of the Canon EOS M3:

  • More compact: Is smaller (111x68mm vs 131x100mm) and will fit more readily into a bag.
  • Less heavy: Has a lower weight (by 174g or 32 percent) and is thus easier to take along.
  • More legacy lens friendly: Can use many non-native lenses via adapters.
  • More affordable: Was released into a lower priced segment (24 percent cheaper at launch).
  • More heavily discounted: Has been around for much longer (launched in February 2015).

If the count of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a measure, the 77D is the clear winner of the match-up (12 : 5 points). However, the relevance of individual strengths will vary across photographers, so that you might want to apply your own weighing scheme to the summary points when reflecting and deciding on a new camera. A professional wildlife photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a family photog, and a person interested in architecture has distinct needs from a sports shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

77D 12:05 M3

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Canon 77D and the Canon M3 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best DSLR Camera and Best Mirrorless Interchangeable Lens Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the comparison of technical specifications can provide a useful overview of the capabilities of different cameras, it remains incomplete and does no justice, for example, to the way the 77D or the M3 perform in practice. User reviews that are available, for instance, at amazon can sometimes shed light on these issues, but such feedback is all too often partial, inconsistent, and inaccurate.

Expert reviews

This is why expert reviews are important. The adjacent summary-table relays the overall verdicts of several of the most popular camera review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

scroll hint
Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon 77D4.5/5..82/1004.5/54/5 Feb 2017 899 i
2.
 
Canon M34/5o75/1004.5/54/5 Feb 2015 679i
3.
 
Canon T8i4.5/5+80/1004/53.5/5 Feb 2020 749 i
4.
 
Canon T7..o..3.5/53.5/5 Feb 2018 449 i
5.
 
Canon M6....80/1004/54/5 Feb 2017 779i
6.
 
Canon SL24/5+ +78/1004.5/54.5/5 Jun 2017 549i
7.
 
Canon T7i4.5/5..80/1004.5/54/5 Feb 2017 749i
8.
 
Canon M54/5+82/1004/54/5 Sep 2016 979 i
9.
 
Canon T64/5o73/1004/54/5 Mar 2016 449i
10.
 
Canon T6i5/5..75/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2015 749i
11.
 
Canon T6s5/5+77/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2015 649i
12.
 
Canon G7 X4/5+ +77/1004.5/54.5/5 Sep 2014 699i
13.
 
Canon M3/5+..4/54/5 Jul 2012 599i
14.
 
Canon T4i4/5+ +77/1004.5/54.5/5 Jun 2012 849i
15.
 
Canon T3i3/5o77/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2011 599i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

The above review scores should be interpreted with care, though. The assessments were made in relation to similar cameras of the same technological generation. Hence, a score should always be seen in the context of the camera's market launch date and its price, and rating-comparisons among cameras that span long time periods or concern very differently equipped models make little sense. It should also be noted that some of the review sites have over time altered the way they render their verdicts.

Canon 77D:
Check Amazon price
Canon M3:
Check Ebay offers

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? If you would like to see a different side-by-side camera review, just make a corresponding selection in the search boxes below. As an alternative, you can also directly jump to any one of the listed comparisons that were previously generated by the CAM-parator tool.

~
    loader

    Specifications: Canon 77D vs Canon M3

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Canon 77D Canon M3
    Camera Type Digital single lens reflex Mirrorless system camera
    Camera Lens Canon EF mount lenses Canon EF-M mount lenses
    Launch Date February 2017 February 2015
    Launch Price USD 899 USD 679
    Sensor Specs Canon 77D Canon M3
    Sensor Technology CMOS CMOS
    Sensor Format APS-C Sensor APS-C Sensor
    Sensor Size 22.3 x 14.9 mm 22.3 x 14.9 mm
    Sensor Area 332.27 mm2 332.27 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 26.8 mm 26.8 mm
    Crop Factor 1.6x 1.6x
    Sensor Resolution 24 Megapixels 24 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 6000 x 4000 pixels 6000 x 4000 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 3.72 μm 3.72 μm
    Pixel Density 7.22 MP/cm2 7.22 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability 1080/60p Video 1080/30p Video
    ISO Setting 100 - 25,600 ISO 100 - 12,800 ISO
    ISO Boost 100 - 51,200 ISO 100 - 25,600 ISO
    Image Processor DIGIC 7 DIGIC 6
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) 78 72
    DXO Color Depth (bits) 23.6 22.8
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) 13.3 11.8
    DXO Low Light (ISO) 971 1169
    Screen Specs Canon 77D Canon M3
    Viewfinder Type Optical viewfinder Viewfinder optional
    Viewfinder Field of View 95%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.51x
    Top-Level Screen Control Panel no Top Display
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.0inch 3.0inch
    LCD Resolution 1040k dots 1040k dots
    LCD Attachment Swivel screen Tilting screen
    Touch Input Touchscreen Touchscreen
    Shooting Specs Canon 77D Canon M3
    Focus System Phase-detect AF On-Sensor Phase-detect
    Manual Focusing Aidno Peaking FeatureFocus Peaking
    Max Shutter Speed (mechanical) 1/4000s 1/4000s
    Continuous Shooting 6 shutter flaps/s 4.2 shutter flaps/s
    Shutter Life Expectancy100 000 actuations100 000 actuations
    Time-Lapse PhotographyIntervalometer built-inno Intervalometer
    Fill Flash Build-in Flash Build-in Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    UHS card support UHS-I UHS-I
    Connectivity Specs Canon 77D Canon M3
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port mini HDMI mini HDMI
    Microphone Port External MIC port External MIC port
    Wifi Support Wifi built-in Wifi built-in
    Near-Field Communication NFC built-in NFC built-in
    Bluetooth Support Bluetooth built-in no Bluetooth
    Body Specs Canon 77D Canon M3
    Battery Type LP-E17 LP-E17
    Battery Life (CIPA)600 shots per charge250 shots per charge
    Body Dimensions 131 x 100 x 76 mm
    (5.2 x 3.9 x 3.0 in)
    111 x 68 x 44 mm
    (4.4 x 2.7 x 1.7 in)
    Camera Weight 540 g (19.0 oz) 366 g (12.9 oz)

    Did you notice an error on this page? If so, please get in touch, so that we can correct the information.

    You are here Home  »  CAM-parator  »  Canon 77D vs Canon M3

    Thanks for your vote!

    You rated this page 4 out of 5.


    Rating

    Any additional comment or suggestion for improvement would be welcome.


    If you like it, make sure you share it:

    • Mention this page to your Facebook friends and Twitter followers.
    • Bookmark it in your browser for future reference by pressing "Crtl" + "D".
    • Create a hyperlink by copying the text below into your web-project or discussion forum entry.

    Once again, thanks for taking the time to provide feedback. I appreciate it.