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Canon 4000D vs Leica X Typ 113

The Canon EOS 4000D (called Canon T100 in some regions) and the Leica X (Typ 113) are two digital cameras that were officially introduced, respectively, in February 2018 and September 2014. The 4000D is a DSLR, while the X Typ 113 is a fixed lens compact. Both cameras are equipped with an APS-C sensor. The Canon has a resolution of 17.9 megapixels, whereas the Leica provides 16.1 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Canon 4000D versus Leica X Typ 113
Canon 4000D Leica X Typ 113
Digital single lens reflex Fixed lens compact camera
Canon EF mount lenses 35mm f/1.7
17.9 MP, APS-C Sensor 16.1 MP, APS-C Sensor
1080/30p Video 1080/30p Video
ISO 100-6,400 (100 - 12,800) ISO 100-12,500
Optical viewfinder Viewfinder optional
2.7 LCD, 230k dots 3.0 LCD, 920k dots
Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive) Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive)
3 shutter flaps per second 5 shutter flaps per second
500 shots per battery charge350 shots per battery charge
129 x 102 x 77 mm, 436 g 133 x 73 x 78 mm, 486 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Canon EOS 4000D and the Leica X (Typ 113)? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The side-by-side display below illustrates the physical size and weight of the Canon 4000D and the Leica X Typ 113. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three successive views from the front, the top, and the rear are shown. All width, height and depth dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

The X Typ 113 can be obtained in three different colors (black, brown, white), while the 4000D is only available in black.

Size Canon 4000D vs Leica X Typ 113
Compare 4000D versus X Typ 113 top
Comparison 4000D or X Typ 113 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Leica X Typ 113 is notably smaller (26 percent) than the Canon 4000D. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the 4000D nor the X Typ 113 are weather-sealed.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete and possibly misleading, as the X Typ 113 has a lens built in, whereas the 4000D is an interchangeable lens camera that requires a separate lens. Attaching the latter will add extra weight and bulk to the setup. You can compare the optics available for the 4000D and their specifications in the Canon EF Lens Catalog.

Concerning battery life, the 4000D gets 500 shots out of its LP-E10 battery, while the X Typ 113 can take 350 images on a single charge of its BP-DC8 power pack.

The following table provides a synthesis of the main physical specifications of the two cameras and other similar ones. In case you want to display and compare another camera duo, you can use the CAM-parator app to select your camera combination among a large number of options.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon 4000D 5.1 in 4.0 in 3.0 in 15.4 oz 500 n Feb 2018 399 i
2.
 
Leica X Typ 113 5.2 in 2.9 in 3.1 in 17.1 oz 350 n Sep 2014 2,295i
3.
 
Canon 2000D 5.1 in 4.0 in 3.1 in 16.8 oz 500 n Feb 2018 449 i
4.
 
Canon 200D 4.8 in 3.7 in 2.8 in 16.0 oz 650 n Jun 2017 549i
5.
 
Canon G9 X Mark II 3.9 in 2.3 in 1.2 in 7.3 oz 235 n Jan 2017 529 i
6.
 
Canon 1300D 5.1 in 4.0 in 3.1 in 17.1 oz 500 n Mar 2016 449i
7.
 
Canon 1200D 5.1 in 3.9 in 3.1 in 16.9 oz 500 n Feb 2014 449i
8.
 
Canon 100D 4.6 in 3.6 in 2.7 in 14.4 oz 380 n Mar 2013 549i
9.
 
Canon 700D 5.2 in 3.9 in 3.1 in 20.5 oz 440 n Mar 2013 649i
10.
 
Canon 1100D 5.1 in 3.9 in 3.1 in 17.5 oz 700 n Feb 2011 449i
11.
 
Canon 550D 5.1 in 3.9 in 2.4 in 18.7 oz 440 n Feb 2010 699i
12.
 
Canon 500D 5.1 in 3.9 in 2.4 in 18.3 oz 400 n Mar 2009 799i
13.
 
Fujifilm X100T 5.0 in 2.9 in 2.0 in 15.5 oz 330 n Sep 2014 1,299i
14.
 
Fujifilm X100S 5.0 in 2.9 in 2.1 in 15.7 oz 330 n Jan 2013 1,299i
15.
 
Leica TL2 5.3 in 2.7 in 1.3 in 14.1 oz 250 n Jul 2017 1,950 i
16.
 
Leica X2 4.9 in 2.7 in 2.0 in 12.2 oz 450 n May 2012 1,995i
17.
 
Sony RX1R 4.4 in 2.6 in 2.8 in 17.0 oz 270 n Jun 2013 2,799i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will naturally be influenced heavily by the price. The listed launch prices provide an indication of the market segment that the manufacturer of the cameras have been targeting. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

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Sensor comparison

The size of the imaging sensor is a crucial determinant of image quality. A large sensor will generally have larger individual pixels that offer better low-light sensitivity, provide wider dynamic range, and have richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors are more costly to manufacture and tend to lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Both cameras under consideration feature an APS-C sensor, but their sensors differ slightly in size. The sensor area in the X Typ 113 is 11 percent bigger. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have format factors, respectively, of 1.6 (4000D) and 1.5. Both cameras have a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 3:2.

Technology-wise, both cameras are equipped with CMOS (Complementary Metal–Oxide–Semiconductor) sensors.

Canon 4000D and Leica X Typ 113 sensor measures

Despite having a smaller sensor, the Canon 4000D offers a higher resolution of 17.9 megapixels, compared with 16.1 MP of the Leica X Typ 113. This megapixels advantage comes at the cost of a higher pixel density and a smaller size of the individual pixel (with a pixel pitch of 4.31μm versus 4.79μm for the X Typ 113). However, it should be noted that the 4000D is much more recent (by 3 years and 5 months) than the X Typ 113, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that make it possible to gather light more efficiently.

The resolution advantage of the Canon 4000D implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the 4000D for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 25.9 x 17.3 inches or 65.8 x 43.9 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 20.7 x 13.8 inches or 52.7 x 35.1 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 17.3 x 11.5 inches or 43.9 x 29.3 cm. The corresponding values for the Leica X Typ 113 are 24.6 x 16.3 inches or 62.6 x 41.5 cm for good quality, 19.7 x 13.1 inches or 50.1 x 33.2 cm for very good quality, and 16.4 x 10.9 inches or 41.7 x 27.6 cm for excellent quality prints.

The Canon EOS 4000D has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 6400, which can be extended to ISO 100-12800. The corresponding ISO settings for the Leica X (Typ 113) are ISO 100 to ISO 12500 (no boost).

4000D versus X Typ 113 MP

Consistent information on actual sensor performance is available from DXO Mark for many cameras. This service determines an overall sensor rating, as well as sub-scores for low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and color depth ("DXO Portrait"). The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Canon 4000D APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.911.469563
2.
 
Leica X Typ 113 APS-C 16.1 4928 32641080/30p........
3.
 
Canon 2000D APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p22.611.9100971
4.
 
Canon 200D APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.613.4104179
5.
 
Canon G9 X Mark II 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p21.912.552265
6.
 
Canon 1300D APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p........
7.
 
Canon 1200D APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.911.372463
8.
 
Canon 100D APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.811.384363
9.
 
Canon 700D APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.711.268161
10.
 
Canon 1100D APS-C 12.2 4272 2848720/30p21.911.075562
11.
 
Canon 550D APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p22.111.578466
12.
 
Canon 500D APS-C 15.1 4752 31681080/20p21.711.566363
13.
 
Fujifilm X100T APS-C 16.0 4896 32641080/60p........
14.
 
Fujifilm X100S APS-C 16.0 4896 32641080/60p........
15.
 
Leica TL2 APS-C 24.1 6014 40144K/30p........
16.
 
Leica X2 APS-C 16.1 4928 3264none........
17.
 
Sony RX1R Full Frame 24.0 6000 40001080/60p25.013.6253791

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but also of capturing video footage. Both cameras under consideration have a sensor with sufficiently fast read-out times for moving pictures, and both provide the same movie specifications (1080/30p).

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Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. For example, the 4000D has an optical viewfinder, which can be very useful when shooting in bright sunlight. In contrast, the X Typ 113 relies on live view and the rear LCD for framing. That said, the X Typ 113 can be equipped with an optional viewfinder – the Visoflex (Typ 020). The following table reports on some other key feature differences and similarities of the Canon 4000D, the Leica X Typ 113, and comparable cameras.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
(000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Canon 4000Doptical n 2.7 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
2.
 
Leica X Typ 113optional n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/2000s 5.0 Y n
3.
 
Canon 2000Doptical n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
4.
 
Canon 200Doptical n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
5.
 
Canon G9 X Mark IInone n 3.0 1040 fixed Y 1/2000s 8.2 Y Y
6.
 
Canon 1300Doptical n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
7.
 
Canon 1200Doptical n 3.0 460 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
8.
 
Canon 100Doptical n 3.0 1040 fixed Y 1/4000s 4.9 Y n
9.
 
Canon 700Doptical n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
10.
 
Canon 1100Doptical n 2.7 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
11.
 
Canon 550Doptical n 3.0 1040 fixed n 1/4000s 3.7 Y n
12.
 
Canon 500Doptical n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.4 Y n
13.
 
Fujifilm X100T2360 n 3.0 1040 fixed n 1/4000s 6.0 Y n
14.
 
Fujifilm X100S2360 n 2.8 460 fixed n 1/4000s 6.0 Y n
15.
 
Leica TL2optional n 3.7 1230 fixed Y 1/4000s 7.0 n n
16.
 
Leica X2optional n 2.7 230 fixed n 1/2000s 5.0 Y n
17.
 
Sony RX1Roptional n 3.0 1229 fixed n 1/4000s 5.0 Y n

Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the 4000D and the X Typ 113 write their files to SDXC cards.

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Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Canon EOS 4000D and Leica X (Typ 113) and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Canon 4000DYmonomono--mini2.0YY-
2.
 
Leica X Typ 113Ystereomono--mini2.0---
3.
 
Canon 2000DYmonomono--mini2.0YY-
4.
 
Canon 200DYstereomonoY-mini2.0YYY
5.
 
Canon G9 X Mark II-stereomono--micro2.0YYY
6.
 
Canon 1300DYmonomono--mini2.0YY-
7.
 
Canon 1200DYmonomono--mini2.0---
8.
 
Canon 100DYmonomonoY-mini2.0---
9.
 
Canon 700DYstereomonoY-mini2.0---
10.
 
Canon 1100DYstereomono--mini2.0---
11.
 
Canon 550DYstereo-Y-mini2.0---
12.
 
Canon 500DYmonomono--mini2.0---
13.
 
Fujifilm X100TYstereomonoY-micro2.0Y--
14.
 
Fujifilm X100SYstereomono--micro2.0---
15.
 
Leica TL2Ystereomono--micro3.0Y--
16.
 
Leica X2Y----mini2.0---
17.
 
Sony RX1RYstereomonoY-mini2.0---

It is notable that the 4000D offers wifi support, while the X Typ 113 does not. Wifi can be a very convenient means to transfer image data to an off-camera location.

The 4000D is a recent model that features in the current product line-up of Canon. In contrast, the X Typ 113 has been discontinued (but can be found pre-owned on eBay). There has not been a direct replacement model for the X Typ 113 from Leica. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Canon and Leica websites.

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Review summary

So what conclusions can be drawn? Which of the two cameras – the Canon 4000D or the Leica X Typ 113 – has the upper hand? Is one clearly better than the other? Below is a summary of the relative strengths of each of the two contestants.

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Reasons to prefer the Canon EOS 4000D:

  • More detail: Offers more megapixels (17.9 vs 16.1MP) with a 5% higher linear resolution.
  • Easier framing: Has an optical viewfinder for image composition and settings control.
  • Faster shutter: Has higher mechanical shutter speed (1/4000s vs 1/2000s) to freeze action.
  • More flexible: Can take a variety of interchangeable lenses, including specialty optics.
  • Longer lasting: Can take more shots (500 versus 350) on a single battery charge.
  • Easier file upload: Has wifi built in for automatic backup or image transfer to the web.
  • Easier device pairing: Supports NFC for fast wireless image transfer over short distances.
  • More modern: Reflects 3 years and 5 months of technical progress since the X Typ 113 launch.

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Arguments in favor of the Leica X (Typ 113):

  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.0" vs 2.7") for image review and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (920k vs 230k dots).
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (5 vs 3 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • Ready to shoot: Comes with an integrated lens, while the 4000D requires a separate lens.
  • More compact: Is smaller (133x73mm vs 129x102mm) and will fit more readily into a bag.
  • More prestigious: Has the Leica luxury appeal, which ensures a high resale value.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been around for much longer (launched in September 2014).

If the number of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the 4000D comes out slightly ahead of the X Typ 113 (8 : 7 points). However, the relevance of individual strengths will vary across photographers, so that you might want to apply your own weighing scheme to the summary points when reflecting and deciding on a new camera. A professional wildlife photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a family photog, and a person interested in architecture has distinct needs from a sports shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

4000D 08:07 X Typ 113

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Canon 4000D and the Leica X Typ 113 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best DSLR Camera and Best Prime Lens Compact Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the specs-based evaluation of cameras can be instructive in revealing their potential as photographic tools, it remains partial and cannot reveal, for example, the shooting experience and imaging performance when actually working with the 4000D or the X Typ 113. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.

Expert reviews

This is why expert reviews are important. The table below provides a synthesis of the camera assessments of some of the best known photo-gear review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon 4000D..o..3.5/53.5/5 Feb 2018 399 i
2.
 
Leica X Typ 1133.5/5....3.5/54/5 Sep 2014 2,295i
3.
 
Canon 2000D..o..3.5/53.5/5 Feb 2018 449 i
4.
 
Canon 200D4/5+ +78/1004.5/54.5/5 Jun 2017 549i
5.
 
Canon G9 X Mark II4/5..75/1004.5/54.5/5 Jan 2017 529 i
6.
 
Canon 1300D4/5o73/1004/54/5 Mar 2016 449i
7.
 
Canon 1200D3/5+..4/54.5/5 Feb 2014 449i
8.
 
Canon 100D4/5+78/1004/54/5 Mar 2013 549i
9.
 
Canon 700D....76/1004.5/54.5/5 Mar 2013 649i
10.
 
Canon 1100D..80/10069/1004/54.5/5 Feb 2011 449i
11.
 
Canon 550D..+ +77/1004/54.5/5 Feb 2010 699i
12.
 
Canon 500D..+ +74/1004.5/54.5/5 Mar 2009 799i
13.
 
Fujifilm X100T5/5+81/1004.5/55/5 Sep 2014 1,299i
14.
 
Fujifilm X100S5/5+ +81/1004.5/55/5 Jan 2013 1,299i
15.
 
Leica TL23.5/5....4/54/5 Jul 2017 1,950 i
16.
 
Leica X23/5....3/54/5 May 2012 1,995i
17.
 
Sony RX1R5/5....4/54.5/5 Jun 2013 2,799i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The ratings were established in reference to similarly priced cameras that were available in the market at the time of the review. Hence, a score should always be seen in the context of the camera's market launch date and its price, and comparing ratings of very distinct cameras or ones that are far apart in terms of their release date have little meaning. It should also be noted that some of the review sites have over time altered the way they render their verdicts.

Canon 4000D:
Check Amazon price
Leica X Typ 113:
Check Ebay offers

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you are interested in seeing how other cameras pair up, just make your choice using the following search menu. Alternatively, you can follow any of the listed hyperlinks for comparisons that others found interesting.

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    Specifications: Canon 4000D vs Leica X Typ 113

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Canon 4000D Leica X Typ 113
    Camera Type Digital single lens reflex Fixed lens compact camera
    Camera Lens Canon EF mount lenses 35mm f/1.7
    Launch Date February 2018 September 2014
    Launch Price USD 399 USD 2,295
    Sensor Specs Canon 4000D Leica X Typ 113
    Sensor Technology CMOS CMOS
    Sensor Format APS-C Sensor APS-C Sensor
    Sensor Size 22.3 x 14.9 mm 23.7 x 15.6 mm
    Sensor Area 332.27 mm2 369.72 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 26.8 mm 28.4 mm
    Crop Factor 1.6x 1.5x
    Sensor Resolution 17.9 Megapixels 16.1 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 5184 x 3456 pixels 4928 x 3264 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 4.31 μm 4.79 μm
    Pixel Density 5.39 MP/cm2 4.35 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability 1080/30p Video 1080/30p Video
    ISO Setting 100 - 6,400 ISO 100 - 12,500 ISO
    ISO Boost 100 - 12,800 ISO no Enhancement
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) 63 ..
    DXO Color Depth (bits) 21.9 ..
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) 11.4 ..
    DXO Low Light (ISO) 695 ..
    Screen Specs Canon 4000D Leica X Typ 113
    Viewfinder Type Optical viewfinder Viewfinder optional
    Viewfinder Field of View 95%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.50x
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 2.7inch 3.0inch
    LCD Resolution 230k dots 920k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Fixed screen
    Shooting Specs Canon 4000D Leica X Typ 113
    Focus System Phase-detect AF Contrast-detect AF
    Continuous Shooting 3 shutter flaps/s 5 shutter flaps/s
    Fill Flash Build-in Flash Build-in Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    UHS card support no no
    Connectivity Specs Canon 4000D Leica X Typ 113
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port mini HDMI mini HDMI
    Wifi Support Wifi built-in no Wifi
    Near-Field Communication NFC built-in no NFC
    Body Specs Canon 4000D Leica X Typ 113
    Battery Type LP-E10 BP-DC8
    Battery Life (CIPA)500 shots per charge350 shots per charge
    Body Dimensions 129 x 102 x 77 mm
    (5.1 x 4.0 x 3.0 in)
    133 x 73 x 78 mm
    (5.2 x 2.9 x 3.1 in)
    Camera Weight 436 g (15.4 oz) 486 g (17.1 oz)

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