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Canon 4000D vs SX420

The Canon EOS 4000D (called Canon T100 in some regions) and the Canon PowerShot SX420 IS are two digital cameras that were revealed to the public, respectively, in February 2018 and January 2016. The 4000D is a DSLR, while the SX420 is a fixed lens compact. The cameras are based on an APS-C (4000D) and a 1/2.3-inch (SX420) sensor. The 4000D has a resolution of 17.9 megapixels, whereas the SX420 provides 19.9 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Canon 4000D
versus
Canon SX420
Canon 4000D   Canon SX420
Digital single lens reflex Fixed lens compact camera
Canon EF mount lenses 24-1008mm f/3.5-6.6
17.9 MP, APS-C Sensor 19.9 MP, 1/2.3" Sensor
1080/30p Video 720/25p Video
ISO 100-6,400 (100 - 12,800) ISO 100-1,600
Optical viewfinder No viewfinder, LCD framing
2.7 LCD, 230k dots 3.0 LCD, 230k dots
Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive) Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive)
3 shutter flaps per second 0.5 shutter flaps per second
500 shots per battery charge195 shots per battery charge
129 x 102 x 77 mm, 436 g 104 x 69 x 85 mm, 325 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Canon EOS 4000D and the Canon PowerShot SX420 IS? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The side-by-side display below illustrates the physical size and weight of the Canon 4000D and the Canon SX420. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three consecutive views from the front, the top, and the rear side are shown. All width, height and depth measures are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

The SX420 can be obtained in two different colors (black, red), while the 4000D is only available in black.

Size Canon 4000D vs Canon SX420
Compare 4000D versus SX420 top
Comparison 4000D or SX420 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Canon SX420 is considerably smaller (45 percent) than the Canon 4000D. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the 4000D nor the SX420 are weather-sealed.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete and possibly misleading, as the SX420 has a lens built in, whereas the 4000D is an interchangeable lens camera that requires a separate lens. Attaching the latter will add extra weight and bulk to the setup. You can compare the optics available for the 4000D and their specifications in the Canon EF Lens Catalog.

Concerning battery life, the 4000D gets 500 shots out of its LP-E10 battery, while the SX420 can take 195 images on a single charge of its NB-11LH power pack.

The table below summarizes the key physical specs of the two cameras alongside a broader set of comparators. If you would like to visualize and compare a different camera combination, you can navigate to the CAM-parator app and make your selection from a broad list of cameras there.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon 4000D 129 mm 102 mm 77 mm 436 g 500 n Feb 2018 399 i
2.
 
Canon SX420 104 mm 69 mm 85 mm 325 g 195 n Jan 2016 299i
3.
 
Canon 2000D 129 mm 101 mm 78 mm 475 g 500 n Feb 2018 449 i
4.
 
Canon SX430 104 mm 69 mm 85 mm 323 g 195 n Jan 2017 299 i
5.
 
Canon 200D 122 mm 93 mm 70 mm 453 g 650 n Jun 2017 549i
6.
 
Canon G9 X Mark II 98 mm 58 mm 31 mm 206 g 235 n Jan 2017 529 i
7.
 
Canon 1300D 129 mm 101 mm 78 mm 485 g 500 n Mar 2016 449i
8.
 
Canon G7 X Mark II 106 mm 61 mm 42 mm 319 g 265 n Feb 2016 699i
9.
 
Canon G5 X 112 mm 76 mm 44 mm 353 g 210 n Oct 2015 799i
10.
 
Canon SX410 104 mm 69 mm 85 mm 325 g 185 n Feb 2015 279i
11.
 
Canon SX710 113 mm 66 mm 35 mm 269 g 230 n Jan 2015 349i
12.
 
Canon 1200D 130 mm 100 mm 78 mm 480 g 500 n Feb 2014 449i
13.
 
Canon 100D 117 mm 91 mm 69 mm 407 g 380 n Mar 2013 549i
14.
 
Canon 700D 133 mm 100 mm 79 mm 580 g 440 n Mar 2013 649i
15.
 
Canon 1100D 130 mm 100 mm 78 mm 495 g 700 n Feb 2011 449i
16.
 
Canon 550D 129 mm 98 mm 62 mm 530 g 440 n Feb 2010 699i
17.
 
Canon 500D 129 mm 98 mm 62 mm 520 g 400 n Mar 2009 799i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

The price is, of course, an important factor in any camera decision. The manufacturer’s suggested retail prices give an idea on the placement of the camera in the maker’s lineup and the broader market. The SX420 was launched at a lower price than the 4000D, despite having a lens built in. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

Sensor comparison

The imaging sensor is at the core of digital cameras and its size is one of the main determining factors of image quality. A large sensor will tend to have larger individual pixels that provide better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixel-units in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors are more costly to manufacture and tend to lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Canon 4000D features an APS-C sensor and the Canon SX420 a 1/2.3-inch sensor. The sensor area in the SX420 is 92 percent smaller. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 1.6 and 5.6. The sensor in the 4000D has a native 3:2 aspect ratio, while the one in the SX420 offers a 4:3 aspect.

Canon 4000D and Canon SX420 sensor measures

Despite having a smaller sensor, the SX420 offers a higher resolution of 19.9 megapixels, compared with 17.9 MP of the 4000D. This megapixels advantage comes at the cost of a higher pixel density and a smaller size of the individual pixel (with a pixel pitch of 1.19μm versus 4.31μm for the 4000D). Moreover, it should be noted that the 4000D is much more recent (by 2 years and 1 month) than the SX420, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that further enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixels. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that the SX420 has no anti-alias filter installed, so that it can capture all the detail its sensor resolves.

The Canon EOS 4000D has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 6400, which can be extended to ISO 100-12800. The corresponding ISO settings for the Canon PowerShot SX420 IS are ISO 100 to ISO 1600 (no boost).

4000D versus SX420 MP

Consistent information on actual sensor performance is available from DXO Mark for many cameras. This service determines an overall sensor rating, as well as sub-scores for low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"), dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), and color depth ("DXO Portrait"). The table below summarizes the physical sensor characteristics and sensor quality findings and compares them across a set of similar cameras.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Canon 4000D APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.911.469563
2.
 
Canon SX420 1/2.3 19.9 5152 3864720/25p........
3.
 
Canon 2000D APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p22.611.9100971
4.
 
Canon SX430 1/2.3 19.9 5152 3864720/25p........
5.
 
Canon 200D APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.613.4104179
6.
 
Canon G9 X Mark II 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p21.912.552265
7.
 
Canon 1300D APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p........
8.
 
Canon G7 X Mark II 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p........
9.
 
Canon G5 X 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p........
10.
 
Canon SX410 1/2.3 19.9 5152 3864720/30p........
11.
 
Canon SX710 1/2.3 20.2 5184 38881080/60p........
12.
 
Canon 1200D APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.911.372463
13.
 
Canon 100D APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.811.384363
14.
 
Canon 700D APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.711.268161
15.
 
Canon 1100D APS-C 12.2 4272 2848720/30p21.911.075562
16.
 
Canon 550D APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p22.111.578466
17.
 
Canon 500D APS-C 15.1 4752 31681080/20p21.711.566363

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but also of capturing video footage. Both cameras under consideration are equipped with sensors that have a sufficiently high read-out speed for moving images, but the 4000D provides a higher video resolution than the SX420. It can shoot video footage at 1080/30p, while the SX420 is limited to 720/25p.

Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. For example, the 4000D has an optical viewfinder, which can be very useful when shooting in bright sunlight. In contrast, the SX420 relies on live view and the rear LCD for framing. The table below summarizes some of the other core capabilities of the Canon 4000D and Canon SX420 in connection with corresponding information for a sample of similar cameras.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Specifications
(inch/000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Canon 4000Doptical n2.7 / 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
2.
 
Canon SX420none n3.0 / 230 fixed n 1/4000s 0.5 Y Y
3.
 
Canon 2000Doptical n3.0 / 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
4.
 
Canon SX430none n3.0 / 230 fixed n 1/4000s 0.5 Y Y
5.
 
Canon 200Doptical n3.0 / 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
6.
 
Canon G9 X Mark IInone n3.0 / 1040 fixed Y 1/2000s 8.2 Y Y
7.
 
Canon 1300Doptical n3.0 / 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
8.
 
Canon G7 X Mark IInone n3.0 / 1040 tilting Y 1/2000s 8.0 Y Y
9.
 
Canon G5 X2360 n3.0 / 1040 swivel Y 1/2000s 5.9 Y Y
10.
 
Canon SX410none n3.0 / 230 fixed n 1/4000s 0.5 Y Y
11.
 
Canon SX710none n3.0 / 922 fixed n 1/3200s 6.0 Y Y
12.
 
Canon 1200Doptical n3.0 / 460 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
13.
 
Canon 100Doptical n3.0 / 1040 fixed Y 1/4000s 4.9 Y n
14.
 
Canon 700Doptical n3.0 / 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n
15.
 
Canon 1100Doptical n2.7 / 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n
16.
 
Canon 550Doptical n3.0 / 1040 fixed n 1/4000s 3.7 Y n
17.
 
Canon 500Doptical n3.0 / 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.4 Y n

Concerning the storage of imaging data, both the 4000D and the SX420 write their files to SDXC cards.

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Canon EOS 4000D and Canon PowerShot SX420 IS and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Mic / Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Canon 4000DYmono / mono--mini2.0YY-
2.
 
Canon SX420-mono / mono---2.0YY-
3.
 
Canon 2000DYmono / mono--mini2.0YY-
4.
 
Canon SX430-mono / mono---2.0YY-
5.
 
Canon 200DYstereo / monoY-mini2.0YYY
6.
 
Canon G9 X Mark II-stereo / mono--micro2.0YYY
7.
 
Canon 1300DYmono / mono--mini2.0YY-
8.
 
Canon G7 X Mark II-stereo / mono--micro2.0YY-
9.
 
Canon G5 XYstereo / mono--mini2.0YY-
10.
 
Canon SX410-stereo / mono---2.0---
11.
 
Canon SX710-stereo / mono--micro2.0YY-
12.
 
Canon 1200DYmono / mono--mini2.0---
13.
 
Canon 100DYmono / monoY-mini2.0---
14.
 
Canon 700DYstereo / monoY-mini2.0---
15.
 
Canon 1100DYstereo / mono--mini2.0---
16.
 
Canon 550DYstereo / -Y-mini2.0---
17.
 
Canon 500DYmono / mono--mini2.0---

It is notable that the 4000D has a hotshoe, while the SX420 does not. This socket makes it possible to easily attach optional accessories, such as an external flash gun.

The 4000D is a recent model that features in the current product line-up of Canon. In contrast, the SX420 has been discontinued (but can be found pre-owned on eBay). As a replacement in the same line of cameras, the SX420 was succeeded by the Canon SX430. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Canon website.

Review summary

So what is the bottom line? Which of the two cameras – the Canon 4000D or the Canon SX420 – has the upper hand? Is one clearly better than the other? The listing below highlights the relative strengths of the two models.


Advantages of the Canon EOS 4000D:

  • Better moiré control: Has an anti-alias filter to avoid artificial patterns to appear in images.
  • Better image quality: Features a larger and more technologically advanced imaging sensor.
  • Richer colors: The sensor size advantage translates into images with better, more accurate colors.
  • More dynamic range: Larger sensor captures a wider spectrum of light and dark details.
  • Better low-light sensitivity: Larger sensor produces good images even in poorly lit environments.
  • Better video: Provides higher definition movie capture (1080/30p vs 720/25p).
  • Easier framing: Has an optical viewfinder for image composition and settings control.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (3 vs 0.5 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • More flexible: Can take a variety of interchangeable lenses, including specialty optics.
  • Longer lasting: Can take more shots (500 versus 195) on a single battery charge.
  • Better lighting: Features a hotshoe and can thus hold and trigger an external flash gun.
  • More modern: Reflects 2 years and 1 month of technical progress since the SX420 launch.


Reasons to prefer the Canon PowerShot SX420 IS:

  • Maximized detail: Lacks an anti-alias filter to exploit the sensor's full resolution potential.
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.0" vs 2.7") for image review and settings control.
  • Ready to shoot: Comes with an integrated lens, while the 4000D requires a separate lens.
  • More compact: Is smaller (104x69mm vs 129x102mm) and will fit more readily into a bag.
  • Less heavy: Has a lower weight even though it has a lens built in (unlike the 4000D).
  • Sharper images: Has stabilization technology built-in to reduce the impact of hand-shake.
  • More affordable: Was introduced at a lower price, despite coming with a built-in lens.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been around for much longer (launched in January 2016).

If the number of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the 4000D is the clear winner of the match-up (12 : 8 points). However, the relative importance of the various individual camera aspects will vary according to personal preferences and needs, so that you might like to apply corresponding weights to the particular features before making a decision on a new camera. A professional wedding photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a travel photog, and a person interested in cityscapes has distinct needs from a macro shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

4000D 12:08 SX420

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Canon 4000D and the Canon SX420 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best DSLR Camera and Best Superzoom Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the comparison of the spec-sheets of cameras can offer a general idea of their imaging potential, it says little about, for example, the shooting experience and imaging performance of the 4000D and the SX420 in practical situations. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable.

Expert reviews

This is where reviews by experts come in. The adjacent summary-table relays the overall verdicts of several of the most popular camera review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], digitalcameraworld [DCW], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DCW 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon 4000D..o3/5..3.5/53.5/5 Feb 2018 399 i
2.
 
Canon SX420..........3/5 Jan 2016 299i
3.
 
Canon 2000D..o....3.5/53.5/5 Feb 2018 449 i
4.
 
Canon SX430........3.5/53.5/5 Jan 2017 299 i
5.
 
Canon 200D4/5+ +4/578/1004.5/54.5/5 Jun 2017 549i
6.
 
Canon G9 X Mark II4/5..4/575/1004.5/54.5/5 Jan 2017 529 i
7.
 
Canon 1300D4/5o4/573/1004/54/5 Mar 2016 449i
8.
 
Canon G7 X Mark II4.5/5+ +..81/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2016 699i
9.
 
Canon G5 X5/5+ +..78/1004.5/54.5/5 Oct 2015 799i
10.
 
Canon SX410..o........ Feb 2015 279i
11.
 
Canon SX710..+....4/53.5/5 Jan 2015 349i
12.
 
Canon 1200D3/5+....4/54.5/5 Feb 2014 449i
13.
 
Canon 100D4/5+..78/1004/54/5 Mar 2013 549i
14.
 
Canon 700D......76/1004.5/54.5/5 Mar 2013 649i
15.
 
Canon 1100D..80/100..69/1004/54.5/5 Feb 2011 449i
16.
 
Canon 550D..+ +..77/1004/54.5/5 Feb 2010 699i
17.
 
Canon 500D..+ +..74/1004.5/54.5/5 Mar 2009 799i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The ratings are only valid when referring to cameras in the same category and of the same age. A score, therefore, has to be seen in close connection to the price and market introduction time of the camera, and comparing ratings of very distinct cameras or ones that are far apart in terms of their release date have little meaning. Also, kindly note that some of the listed sites have over time developped their review approaches and their reporting style.

Canon 4000D:
Check Amazon price
Canon SX420:
Check Ebay offers

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? If you would like to see a different side-by-side camera review, just use the search menu below. Alternatively, you can follow any of the listed hyperlinks for comparisons that others found interesting.

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    Specifications: Canon 4000D vs Canon SX420

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Canon 4000D Canon SX420
    Camera Type Digital single lens reflex Fixed lens compact camera
    Camera Lens Canon EF mount lenses 24-1008mm f/3.5-6.6
    Launch Date February 2018 January 2016
    Launch Price USD 399 USD 299
    Sensor Specs Canon 4000D Canon SX420
    Sensor Technology CMOS CCD
    Sensor Format APS-C Sensor 1/2.3" Sensor
    Sensor Size 22.3 x 14.9 mm 6.17 x 4.55 mm
    Sensor Area 332.27 mm2 28.0735 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 26.8 mm 7.7 mm
    Crop Factor 1.6x 5.6x
    Sensor Resolution 17.9 Megapixels 19.9 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 5184 x 3456 pixels 5152 x 3864 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 4.31 μm 1.19 μm
    Pixel Density 5.39 MP/cm2 70.91 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter no AA filter
    Movie Capability 1080/30p Video 720/25p Video
    ISO Setting 100 - 6,400 ISO 100 - 1,600 ISO
    ISO Boost 100 - 12,800 ISO no Enhancement
    Image Processor DIGIC 4+ DIGIC 4+
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) 63 ..
    DXO Color Depth (bits) 21.9 ..
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) 11.4 ..
    DXO Low Light (ISO) 695 ..
    Screen Specs Canon 4000D Canon SX420
    Viewfinder Type Optical viewfinder no viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 95%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.50x
    LCD Framing Live View Live View
    Rear LCD Size 2.7inch 3.0inch
    LCD Resolution 230k dots 230k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Fixed screen
    Shooting Specs Canon 4000D Canon SX420
    Focus System Phase-detect AF Contrast-detect AF
    Continuous Shooting 3 shutter flaps/s 0.5 shutter flaps/s
    Fill Flash Built-in Flash Built-in Flash
    Storage Medium SDXC cards SDXC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    UHS card support no no
    Connectivity Specs Canon 4000D Canon SX420
    External Flash Hotshoe no Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port mini HDMI no HDMI
    Wifi Support Wifi built-in Wifi built-in
    Near-Field Communication NFC built-in NFC built-in
    Body Specs Canon 4000D Canon SX420
    Battery Type LP-E10 NB-11LH
    Battery Life (CIPA)500 shots per charge195 shots per charge
    Body Dimensions 129 x 102 x 77 mm
    (5.1 x 4.0 x 3.0 in)
    104 x 69 x 85 mm
    (4.1 x 2.7 x 3.3 in)
    Camera Weight 436 g (15.4 oz) 325 g (11.5 oz)

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