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Canon 350D vs Leica X1

The Canon EOS 350D (called Canon XT in some regions) and the Leica X1 are two digital cameras that were announced, respectively, in February 2005 and September 2009. The 350D is a DSLR, while the X1 is a fixed lens compact. Both cameras are equipped with an APS-C sensor. The Canon has a resolution of 8 megapixels, whereas the Leica provides 12.2 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Canon 350D VS Leica X1
Canon 350D Leica X1
Digital single lens reflex Fixed lens compact camera
Canon EF mount lenses 36mm f/2.8
8 MP, APS-C Sensor 12.2 MP, APS-C Sensor
no Video no Video
ISO 100-1600 ISO 100-3200
Optical viewfinder No viewfinder, LCD framing
1.8" LCD, 115k dots 2.7" LCD, 230k dots
Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive) Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive)
3 shutter flaps per second 3 shutter flaps per second
400 shots per battery charge260 shots per battery charge
127 x 94 x 64 mm, 540 g 124 x 60 x 32 mm, 306 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Canon EOS 350D and the Leica X1? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

The side-by-side display below illustrates the physical size and weight of the Canon 350D and the Leica X1. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three consecutive perspectives from the front, the top, and the back are available. All width, height and depth dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

Both cameras are available in two different colors (black, silver).

Size Canon 350D vs Leica X1
Compare 350D versus X1 top
Comparison 350D or X1 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Leica X1 is considerably smaller (38 percent) than the Canon 350D. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the 350D nor the X1 are weather-sealed.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete and possibly misleading, as the X1 has a lens built in, whereas the 350D is an interchangeable lens camera that requires a separate lens. Attaching the latter will add extra weight and bulk to the setup. You can compare the optics available for the 350D and their specifications in the Canon EF Lens Catalog.

Concerning battery life, the 350D gets 400 shots out of its NB-2LH battery, while the X1 can take 260 images on a single charge of its BP-DC8 power pack.

The table below summarizes the key physical specs of the two cameras alongside a broader set of comparators. If you want to switch the focus of the display and review another camera pair, just select a new right or left comparator from among the camera models in the table. Alternatively, you can also move across to the CAM-parator tool and choose from the broad selection of possible camera comparisons there.

Camera Body Specifications
  Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
(CIPA)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Canon 350D» 127 mm 94 mm 64 mm 540 g 400 n Feb 2005 899iCanon 350D
 
Leica X1« 124 mm 60 mm 32 mm 306 g 260 n Sep 2009 1,995iLeica X1
 
Canon 77D« » 131 mm 100 mm 76 mm 540 g 600 n Feb 2017 899 iCanon 77D
 
Canon 750D« » 132 mm 101 mm 78 mm 555 g 440 n Feb 2015 749iCanon 750D
 
Canon 760D« » 132 mm 101 mm 78 mm 565 g 440 n Feb 2015 649iCanon 760D
 
Canon 650D« » 133 mm 100 mm 79 mm 575 g 440 n Jun 2012 849iCanon 650D
 
Canon 500D« » 129 mm 98 mm 62 mm 520 g 400 n Mar 2009 799iCanon 500D
 
Canon 450D« » 129 mm 98 mm 62 mm 524 g 500 n Jan 2008 799iCanon 450D
 
Canon 30D« » 144 mm 106 mm 74 mm 785 g 750 n Feb 2006 1,399iCanon 30D
 
Canon 400D« » 127 mm 84 mm 65 mm 556 g 370 n Aug 2006 799iCanon 400D
 
Canon 20D« » 144 mm 106 mm 72 mm 770 g 700 n Aug 2004 1,499iCanon 20D
 
Canon 300D« » 142 mm 99 mm 72 mm 649 g 400 n Aug 2003 899iCanon 300D
 
Leica D-LUX 6« » 111 mm 68 mm 46 mm 298 g 330 n Sep 2012 699iLeica D-LUX 6
 
Leica X2« » 124 mm 69 mm 52 mm 345 g 450 n May 2012 1,995iLeica X2
 
Leica D-LUX 5« » 110 mm 65 mm 43 mm 271 g 400 n Sep 2010 699iLeica D-LUX 5
 
Leica V-LUX 2« » 124 mm 80 mm 95 mm 520 g 410 n Sep 2010 849iLeica V-LUX 2
 
Panasonic LX5« » 110 mm 65 mm 43 mm 271 g 400 n Jul 2010 499iPanasonic LX5
Note: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

The price is, of course, an important factor in any camera decision. The listed launch prices provide an indication of the market segment that the manufacturer of the cameras have been targeting. Normally, street prices remain initially close to the MSRP, but after a couple of months, the first discounts appear. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down. Then, after the new model is out, very good deals can frequently be found on the pre-owned market.

 

Sensor comparison

The size of the imaging sensor is a crucial determinant of image quality. A large sensor will tend to have larger individual pixels that provide better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixel-units in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be more expensive and lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Both cameras under consideration feature an APS-C sensor, but their sensors differ slightly in size. The sensor area in the X1 is 12 percent bigger. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have format factors, respectively, of 1.6 (350D) and 1.5. Both cameras have a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 3:2.

In terms of underlying technology, both cameras are build around CMOS sensors.

Canon 350D and Leica X1 sensor measures

With 12.2MP, the X1 offers a higher resolution than the 350D (8MP), but the X1 has smaller individual pixels (pixel pitch of 5.51μm versus 6.41μm for the 350D). Yet, the X1 is a much more recent model (by 4 years and 6 months) than the 350D, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixel-units.

The resolution advantage of the Leica X1 implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the X1 for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 21.4 x 14.3 inch or 54.3 x 36.3 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 17.1 x 11.4 inch or 43.4 x 29 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 14.2 x 9.5 inch or 36.2 x 24.2 cm. The corresponding values for the Canon 350D are 17.3 x 11.5 inch or 43.9 x 29.3 cm for good quality, 13.8 x 9.2 inch or 35.1 x 23.4 cm for very good quality, and 11.5 x 7.7 inch or 29.3 x 19.5 cm for excellent quality prints.

The Canon EOS 350D has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 1600. The corresponding ISO settings for the Leica X1 are ISO 100 to ISO 3200 (no boost).

350D versus X1 MP

For many cameras, data on sensor performance has been reported by DXO Mark. This service is based on lab testing and assigns an overall score to each camera sensor, as well as ratings for dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), color depth ("DXO Portrait"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"). The table below summarizes the physical sensor characteristics and sensor quality findings and compares them across a set of similar cameras.

Sensor Characteristics
  Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
Camera
Model
 
Canon 350D APS-C 8.0 3456 2304none21.810.863760Canon 350D
 
Leica X1 APS-C 12.2 4272 2856none........Leica X1
 
Canon 77D APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.613.397178Canon 77D
 
Canon 750D APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p22.712.091971Canon 750D
 
Canon 760D APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p22.612.091570Canon 760D
 
Canon 650D APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.711.272262Canon 650D
 
Canon 500D APS-C 15.1 4752 31681080/20p21.711.566363Canon 500D
 
Canon 450D APS-C 12.2 4272 2848none21.910.869261Canon 450D
 
Canon 30D APS-C 8.2 3504 2336none21.510.873659Canon 30D
 
Canon 400D APS-C 10.1 3888 2592none22.111.066462Canon 400D
 
Canon 20D APS-C 8.2 3504 2336none21.911.072162Canon 20D
 
Canon 300D APS-C 6.3 3072 2048none21.010.854455Canon 300D
 
Leica D-LUX 6 1/1.7 10.0 3648 27361080/60p........Leica D-LUX 6
 
Leica X2 APS-C 16.1 4928 3264none........Leica X2
 
Leica D-LUX 5 1/1.7 10.0 3648 2736720/60p........Leica D-LUX 5
 
Leica V-LUX 2 1/2.3 14.0 4320 32401080/60i........Leica V-LUX 2
 
Panasonic LX5 1/1.7 10.0 3648 2736720/60p19.610.813241Panasonic LX5
Neither the 350D nor the X1 offer Live View, so that they cannot project the live image that the sensor receives onto the rear screen. Moreover, both cameras are still-image focused and cannot record videos.
 

Feature comparison

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. For example, the 350D has an optical viewfinder, which can be very useful when shooting in bright sunlight. In contrast, the X1 relies on live view and the rear LCD for framing. The following table reports on some other key feature differences and similarities of the Canon 350D, the Leica X1, and comparable cameras.

Core Features
  Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
('000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
Camera
Model
 
Canon 350Doptical n 1.8 115 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n Canon 350D
 
Leica X1none n 2.7 230 fixed n 1/2000s 3.0 Y n Leica X1
 
Canon 77Doptical Y 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 6.0 Y n Canon 77D
 
Canon 750Doptical n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n Canon 750D
 
Canon 760Doptical Y 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n Canon 760D
 
Canon 650Doptical n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 1/4000s 5.0 Y n Canon 650D
 
Canon 500Doptical n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 3.4 Y n Canon 500D
 
Canon 450Doptical n 3.0 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.5 Y n Canon 450D
 
Canon 30Doptical Y 2.5 230 fixed n 1/8000s 5.0 Y n Canon 30D
 
Canon 400Doptical n 2.5 230 fixed n 1/4000s 3.0 Y n Canon 400D
 
Canon 20Doptical Y 1.8 118 fixed n 1/8000s 5.0 Y n Canon 20D
 
Canon 300Doptical n 1.8 118 fixed n 1/4000s 2.5 Y n Canon 300D
 
Leica D-LUX 6optional n 3.0 920 fixed n 1/4000s 11.0 Y Y Leica D-LUX 6
 
Leica X2optional n 2.7 230 fixed n 1/2000s 5.0 Y n Leica X2
 
Leica D-LUX 5optional n 3.0 460 fixed n 1/4000s 2.5 Y Y Leica D-LUX 5
 
Leica V-LUX 2202 n 3.0 460 swivel n 1/2000s 11.0 Y Y Leica V-LUX 2
 
Panasonic LX5optional n 3.0 460 fixed n 1/4000s 2.5 Y Y Panasonic LX5

The 350D writes its imaging data to Compact Flash cards, while the X1 uses SDHC cards.

 

Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Canon EOS 350D and Leica X1 and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

Input-Output Connections
  Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
Camera
Model
 
Canon 350DYnonenone--none2.0---Canon 350D
 
Leica X1Ynonenone--mini2.0---Leica X1
 
Canon 77DYstereomonoY-mini2.0YYYCanon 77D
 
Canon 750DYstereomonoY-mini2.0YY-Canon 750D
 
Canon 760DYstereomonoY-mini2.0YY-Canon 760D
 
Canon 650DYstereomonoY-mini2.0---Canon 650D
 
Canon 500DYmonomono--mini2.0---Canon 500D
 
Canon 450DYnonenone--mini2.0---Canon 450D
 
Canon 30DYnonenone--none2.0---Canon 30D
 
Canon 400DYnonenone--none2.0---Canon 400D
 
Canon 20DYnonenone--none1.1---Canon 20D
 
Canon 300DYnonenone--none1.1---Canon 300D
 
Leica D-LUX 6Ystereomono--mini2.0---Leica D-LUX 6
 
Leica X2Ynonenone--mini2.0---Leica X2
 
Leica D-LUX 5Ymonomono--mini2.0---Leica D-LUX 5
 
Leica V-LUX 2Ystereomono--mini2.0---Leica V-LUX 2
 
Panasonic LX5Ymonomono--mini2.0---Panasonic LX5

Both the 350D and the X1 have been discontinued, but can regularly be found used on eBay. The 350D was replaced by the Canon 400D, while the X1 was followed by the Leica X2. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Canon and Leica websites.

Review summary

So how do things add up? Which of the two cameras – the Canon 350D or the Leica X1 – has the upper hand? Is one clearly better than the other? A synthesis of the relative strong points of each of the models is listed below.

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Reasons to prefer the Canon EOS 350D:

  • Easier framing: Has an optical viewfinder for image composition and settings control.
  • Faster shutter: Has higher mechanical shutter speed (1/4000s vs 1/2000s) to freeze action.
  • More flexible: Can take a variety of interchangeable lenses, including specialty optics.
  • Longer lasting: Can take more shots (400 versus 260) on a single battery charge.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been available for much longer (launched in February 2005).

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Arguments in favor of the Leica X1:

  • More detail: Has more megapixels (12.2 vs 8MP), which boosts linear resolution by 24%.
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (2.7" vs 1.8") for image review and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (230k vs 115k dots).
  • Ready to shoot: Comes with an integrated lens, while the 350D requires a separate lens.
  • More compact: Is smaller (124x60mm vs 127x94mm) and will fit more readily into a bag.
  • Less heavy: Has a lower weight even though it has a lens built in (unlike the 350D).
  • More prestigious: Has the Leica luxury appeal, which ensures a high resale value.
  • More modern: Reflects 4 years and 6 months of technical progress since the 350D launch.

If the number of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the X1 emerges as the winner of the match-up (8 : 5 points). However, the relevance of individual strengths will vary across photographers, so that you might want to apply your own weighing scheme to the summary points when reflecting and deciding on a new camera. A professional sports photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a street photog, and a person interested in family portraits has distinct needs from a landscape shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

350D 05:08 X1

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Canon 350D and the Leica X1 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best DSLR Camera and Best Prime Lens Compact Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the comparison of the spec-sheets of cameras can offer a general idea of their imaging potential, it remains incomplete and does no justice, for example, to the way the 350D or the X1 perform in practice. User reviews that are available, for instance, at amazon can sometimes shed light on these issues, but such feedback is all too often partial, inconsistent, and inaccurate.

Expert reviews

This is where reviews by experts come in. The adjacent summary-table relays the overall verdicts of several of the most popular camera review sites (cameralabs, dpreview, ephotozine, imaging-resource, and photographyblog). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

Review Scores
  Camera
Model
cam
era
  labs  
dp
re
  view  
e
photo
  zine  
ima
ging
resource
photo
graphy
  blog  
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Camera
Model
 
Canon 350D80/100+ +oo.. Feb 2005 899iCanon 350D
 
Leica X1..+....4/5 Sep 2009 1,995iLeica X1
 
Canon 77D..82/1004.5/54.5/54/5 Feb 2017 899 iCanon 77D
 
Canon 750D..75/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Feb 2015 749iCanon 750D
 
Canon 760D+77/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Feb 2015 649iCanon 760D
 
Canon 650D+ +77/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Jun 2012 849iCanon 650D
 
Canon 500D+ +74/1004.5/55/54.5/5 Mar 2009 799iCanon 500D
 
Canon 450D+ ++ +4/55/54.5/5 Jan 2008 799iCanon 450D
 
Canon 30D+ ++ +oo.. Feb 2006 1,399iCanon 30D
 
Canon 400D+ ++ +o4.5/54/5 Aug 2006 799iCanon 400D
 
Canon 20D..+ +..o.. Aug 2004 1,499iCanon 20D
 
Canon 300D..+ +..o.. Aug 2003 899iCanon 300D
 
Leica D-LUX 6....4/5..4/5 Sep 2012 699iLeica D-LUX 6
 
Leica X2....3/5..4/5 May 2012 1,995iLeica X2
 
Leica D-LUX 5....4.5/5..4/5 Sep 2010 699iLeica D-LUX 5
 
Leica V-LUX 2.......... Sep 2010 849iLeica V-LUX 2
 
Panasonic LX5+73/1004.5/55/54.5/5 Jul 2010 499iPanasonic LX5
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

The above review scores should be interpreted with care, though. The ratings were established in reference to similarly priced cameras that were available in the market at the time of the review. Hence, a score should always be seen in the context of the camera's market launch date and its price, and comparisons of ratings among very different cameras or across long time periods have little meaning. Also, please note that some of the review sites have changed their methodology and reporting over time.

Canon 350D:
Check Ebay offers
Leica X1:
Check Ebay offers

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you are interested in seeing how other cameras pair up, just make a corresponding selection in the search boxes below. There is also a set of direct links to comparison reviews that other users of the CAM-parator app explored.

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    Specifications: Canon 350D vs Leica X1

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Canon 350D Leica X1
    Camera Type Digital single lens reflex Fixed lens compact camera
    Camera Lens Canon EF mount lenses 36mm f/2.8
    Launch Date February 2005 September 2009
    Launch Price USD 899 USD 1995
    Sensor Specs Canon 350D Leica X1
    Sensor Technology CMOS CMOS
    Sensor Format APS-C Sensor APS-C Sensor
    Sensor Size 22.2 x 14.8 mm 23.7 x 15.6 mm
    Sensor Area 328.56 mm2 369.72 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 26.7 mm 28.4 mm
    Crop Factor 1.6x 1.5x
    Sensor Resolution 8 Megapixels 12.2 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 3456 x 2304 pixels 4272 x 2856 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 6.41 μm 5.51 μm
    Pixel Density 2.42 MP/cm2 3.30 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter Anti-Alias filter
    Movie Capability no Video no Video
    ISO Setting 100-1600 ISO 100-3200 ISO
    DXO Sensor Quality (score) 60 ..
    DXO Color Depth (bits) 21.8 ..
    DXO Dynamic Range (EV) 10.8 ..
    DXO Low Light (ISO) 637 ..
    Screen Specs Canon 350D Leica X1
    Viewfinder Type Optical viewfinder No viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 95%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.49x
    Rear LCD Size 1.8 inch 2.7 inch
    LCD Resolution 115k dots 230k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen Fixed screen
    Shooting Specs Canon 350D Leica X1
    Focus System Phase-detect AF Contrast-detect AF
    Continuous Shooting 3 shutter flaps/s 3 shutter flaps/s
    Fill Flash Build-in Flash Build-in Flash
    Storage Medium CF cards SDHC cards
    Second Storage Option Single card slot Single card slot
    Connectivity Specs Canon 350D Leica X1
    External Flash Hotshoe Hotshoe
    USB Connector USB 2.0 USB 2.0
    HDMI Port no HDMI mini HDMI
    Wifi Support no Wifi no Wifi
    Body Specs Canon 350D Leica X1
    Battery Type NB-2LH BP-DC8
    Battery Life (CIPA)400 shots per charge260 shots per charge
    Body Dimensions 127 x 94 x 64 mm
    (5.0 x 3.7 x 2.5 in)
    124 x 60 x 32 mm
    (4.9 x 2.4 x 1.3 in)
    Camera Weight 540 g (19.0 oz) 306 g (10.8 oz)

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