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Canon 1D C vs Leica S1

The Canon EOS-1D C and the Leica S1 Pro are two professional cameras that were officially introduced, respectively, in April 2012 and August 1996. The 1DC is a DSLR, while the S1 is a mirrorless interchangeable lens camera. The cameras are based on a full frame (1DC) and a medium format (S1) sensor. The Canon has a resolution of 17.9 megapixels, whereas the Leica provides 26.4 MP.

Below is an overview of the main specs of the two cameras as a starting point for the comparison.

Headline Specifications
Canon 1D C
versus
Leica S1
Canon 1D C Leica S1
Digital single lens reflex Mirrorless system camera
Canon EF mount lenses Leica R mount lenses
17.9 MP, Full Frame Sensor 26.4 MP, Medium Format Sensor
4K/24p Video no Video
ISO 100-51,200 (50 - 204,800) ISO 50-1,600
Optical viewfinder Optical viewfinder
3.2 LCD, 1040k dots no LCD
Fixed screen (not touch-sensitive) no rear screen
14 shutter flaps per second 0.01 shutter flaps per second
Weathersealed bodynot weather sealed
158 x 164 x 83 mm, 1545 g 339 x 214 x 119 mm, 2500 g

Going beyond this snapshot of core features and characteristics, what are the differences between the Canon EOS-1D C and the Leica S1 Pro? Which one should you buy? Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their body size, their imaging sensors, their shooting features, their input-output connections, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison

An illustration of the physical size and weight of the Canon 1D C and the Leica S1 is provided in the side-by-side display below. The two cameras are presented according to their relative size. Three successive views from the front, the top, and the rear are shown. All width, height and depth dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter.

Size Canon 1D C vs Leica S1
Compare 1DC versus S1 top
Comparison 1DC or S1 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Leica S1 is considerably larger (180 percent) than the Canon 1D C. Moreover, the S1 is substantially heavier (62 percent) than the 1DC. It is worth mentioning in this context that the 1DC is splash and dust resistant, while the S1 does not feature any corresponding weather-sealing.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete since they do not consider the interchangeable lenses that both of these cameras require. A larger imaging sensor will tend to go along with bigger and heavier lenses, although exceptions exist. You can compare the optics available for the two cameras in the Canon EF Lens Catalog (1DC) and the Leica R Lens Catalog (S1). Mirrorless cameras, such as the S1, have moreover the advantage that they can use many lenses from other systems via adapters, as they have a relatively short flange to focal plane distance.

As can be seen in the images above, the 1DC has a battery grip built in. This facilitates image-taking in portrait orientation and gives it additional battery power.

The table below summarizes the key physical specs of the two cameras alongside a broader set of comparators. If you want to switch the focus of the display and review another camera pair, you can move across to the CAM-parator tool and choose from the broad selection of possible camera comparisons there.

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Body Specifications
    Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
Weather
Sealing
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon 1D C 158 mm 164 mm 83 mm 1545 g 1120 Y Apr 2012 14,999 i
2.
 
Leica S1 339 mm 214 mm 119 mm 2500 g .. n Aug 1996 21,490 i
3.
 
Canon 1D X Mark III 158 mm 168 mm 83 mm 1440 g 2850 Y Jan 2020 6,499 i
4.
 
Canon 1D X Mark II 158 mm 168 mm 83 mm 1530 g 1210 Y Feb 2016 5,999 i
5.
 
Canon 5D Mark III 152 mm 116 mm 76 mm 950 g 950 Y Mar 2012 3,499 i
6.
 
Canon 6D 145 mm 111 mm 71 mm 770 g 1090 Y Sep 2012 2,099 i
7.
 
Canon 1D X 158 mm 168 mm 83 mm 1551 g 1120 Y Oct 2011 6,799 i
8.
 
Canon 5D Mark II 152 mm 114 mm 75 mm 850 g 850 Y Sep 2008 3,499 i
9.
 
Canon 1Ds Mark III 150 mm 160 mm 80 mm 1385 g 1800 Y Aug 2007 7,999 i
10.
 
Canon 1Ds Mark II 156 mm 158 mm 80 mm 1215 g 1200 Y Sep 2004 7,999 i
11.
 
Canon 1Ds 156 mm 158 mm 80 mm 1265 g 600 Y Sep 2002 8,999 i
12.
 
Leica CL 131 mm 78 mm 45 mm 403 g 220 n Nov 2017 2,795 i
13.
 
Leica TL2 134 mm 69 mm 33 mm 399 g 250 n Jul 2017 1,950 i
14.
 
Leica Q Typ 116 130 mm 80 mm 93 mm 640 g 300 n Jun 2015 4,249 i
15.
 
Leica S2 160 mm 120 mm 80 mm 1410 g .. Y Sep 2008 22,995 i
16.
 
Nikon D4 160 mm 157 mm 91 mm 1340 g 2600 Y Jan 2012 5,999 i
17.
 
Sony A6400 120 mm 67 mm 50 mm 403 g 410 Y Jan 2019 899 i
Notes: Measurements and pricing do not include easily detachable parts, such as add-on or interchangeable lenses or optional viewfinders.

Any camera decision will obviously take relative prices into account. The manufacturer’s suggested retail prices give an idea on the placement of the camera in the maker’s lineup and the broader market. The 1DC was launched at a markedly lower price (by 30 percent) than the S1, which puts it into a different market segment. Normally, street prices remain initially close to the MSRP, but after a couple of months, the first discounts appear. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down.

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Sensor comparison

The size of the sensor inside a digital camera is one of the key determinants of image quality. All other things equal, a large sensor will have larger individual pixel-units that offer better low-light sensitivity, wider dynamic range, and richer color-depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Furthermore, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more possibilities to use shallow depth-of-field in order to isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be associated with larger, more expensive camera bodies and lenses.

Of the two cameras under consideration, the Canon 1D C features a full frame sensor and the Leica S1 a medium format sensor. The sensor area in the S1 is 50 percent bigger. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have a format factor of, respectively, 1.0 and 0.85. The sensor in the 1DC has a native 3:2 aspect ratio, while the one in the S1 offers a 1:1 aspect.

Canon 1D C and Leica S1 sensor measures

With 26.4MP, the S1 offers a higher resolution than the 1DC (17.9MP), but the S1 nevertheless has marginally larger individual pixels (pixel pitch of 7.01μm versus 6.95μm for the 1DC) due to its larger sensor. However, the 1DC is a much more recent model (by 15 years and 7 months) than the S1, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that enhance the light gathering capacity of its pixel-units. Coming back to sensor resolution, it should be mentioned that the S1 has no anti-alias filter installed, so that it can capture all the detail its sensor resolves.

The resolution advantage of the Leica S1 implies greater flexibility for cropping images or the possibility to print larger pictures. The maximum print size of the S1 for good quality output (200 dots per inch) amounts to 25.7 x 25.7 inches or 65.3 x 65.3 cm, for very good quality (250 dpi) 20.6 x 20.6 inches or 52.2 x 52.2 cm, and for excellent quality (300 dpi) 17.1 x 17.1 inches or 43.5 x 43.5 cm. The corresponding values for the Canon 1D C are 25.9 x 17.3 inches or 65.8 x 43.9 cm for good quality, 20.7 x 13.8 inches or 52.7 x 35.1 cm for very good quality, and 17.3 x 11.5 inches or 43.9 x 29.3 cm for excellent quality prints.

The Canon EOS-1D C has a native sensitivity range from ISO 100 to ISO 51200, which can be extended to ISO 50-204800. The corresponding ISO settings for the Leica S1 Pro are ISO 50 to ISO 1600 (no boost).

1DC versus S1 MP

Since 2007, DXO Mark has published sensor performance measurements that have been derived using a consistent methodology. This service is based on lab testing and assigns an overall score to each camera sensor, as well as ratings for dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), color depth ("DXO Portrait"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"). The adjacent table reports on the physical sensor characteristics and the outcomes of the DXO sensor quality tests for a sample of comparator-cameras.

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Sensor Characteristics
    Camera
Model
Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
1.
 
Canon 1D C Full Frame 17.9 5184 34564K/24p...... ..
2.
 
Leica S1 Medium Format 26.4 5140 5140none...... ..
3.
 
Canon 1D X Mark III Full Frame 20.0 5472 36484K/60p24.214.53248 91
4.
 
Canon 1D X Mark II Full Frame 20.0 5472 36484K/60p24.113.53207 88
5.
 
Canon 5D Mark III Full Frame 22.1 5760 38401080/30p24.011.72293 81
6.
 
Canon 6D Full Frame 20.0 5472 36481080/30p23.812.12340 82
7.
 
Canon 1D X Full Frame 17.9 5184 34561080/30p23.811.82786 82
8.
 
Canon 5D Mark II Full Frame 21.0 5616 37441080/30p23.711.91815 79
9.
 
Canon 1Ds Mark III Full Frame 21.0 5616 3744none24.012.01663 80
10.
 
Canon 1Ds Mark II Full Frame 16.6 4992 3328none23.311.31480 74
11.
 
Canon 1Ds Full Frame 11.0 4064 2704none21.811.0954 63
12.
 
Leica CL APS-C 24.1 6014 40144K/30p...... ..
13.
 
Leica TL2 APS-C 24.1 6014 40144K/30p...... ..
14.
 
Leica Q Typ 116 Full Frame 24.0 6000 40001080/60p24.312.72221 85
15.
 
Leica S2 Medium Format 37.5 7500 5000none...... ..
16.
 
Nikon D4 Full Frame 16.2 4928 32801080/30p24.713.12965 89
17.
 
Sony A6400 APS-C 24.0 6000 40004K/30p2413.61431 83

Many modern cameras cannot only take still pictures, but also record videos. The 1DC indeed provides movie recording capabilities, while the S1 does not. The highest resolution format that the 1DC can use is 4K/24p.

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Feature comparison

Beyond body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. The 1DC and the S1 are similar in the sense that both have an optical viewfinder. The latter is useful for getting a clear image for framing even in brightly lit environments. The adjacent table lists some of the other core features of the Canon 1D C and Leica S1 along with similar information for a selection of comparators.

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Core Features
    Camera
Model
Viewfinder
(Type or
000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
(000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Mech
Shutter
Speed
Shutter
Flaps
(1/sec)
Built-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Built-in
Image
Stab
1.
 
Canon 1D Coptical Y 3.2 1040 fixed n 1/8000s 14.0 n n
2.
 
Leica S1optical n none none none n .. 0.01 n n
3.
 
Canon 1D X Mark IIIoptical Y 3.2 2100 fixed Y 1/8000s 20.0 n n
4.
 
Canon 1D X Mark IIoptical Y 3.2 1620 fixed Y 1/8000s 16.0 n n
5.
 
Canon 5D Mark IIIoptical Y 3.2 1040 fixed n 1/8000s 6.0 n n
6.
 
Canon 6Doptical Y 3.0 1040 fixed n 1/4000s 4.5 n n
7.
 
Canon 1D Xoptical Y 3.2 1040 fixed n 1/8000s 14.0 n n
8.
 
Canon 5D Mark IIoptical Y 3.0 920 fixed n 1/8000s 3.9 n n
9.
 
Canon 1Ds Mark IIIoptical Y 3.0 230 fixed n 1/8000s 5.0 n n
10.
 
Canon 1Ds Mark IIoptical Y 2.0 230 fixed n 1/8000s 4.0 n n
11.
 
Canon 1Dsoptical Y 2.0 120 fixed n 1/8000s 3.0 n n
12.
 
Leica CL2360 Y 3.0 1040 fixed Y 1/8000s 10.0 n n
13.
 
Leica TL2optional n 3.7 1230 fixed Y 1/4000s 7.0 n n
14.
 
Leica Q Typ 1163680 n 3.0 1040 fixed Y 1/2000s 10.0 n Y
15.
 
Leica S2optical Y 3.0 460 fixed n 1/4000s 1.5 n n
16.
 
Nikon D4optical Y 3.2 921 fixed n 1/8000s 11.0 n n
17.
 
Sony A64002359 n 3.0 922 tilting Y 1/4000s 11.0 Y n

One feature that is present on the 1DC, but is missing on the S1 is a top-level LCD. While being, of course, smaller than the rear screen, the control panel conveys some of the essential shooting information and can be convenient for quick and easy settings verification.

The 1DC writes its imaging data to Compact Flash cards, while the S1 uses external storage.

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Connectivity comparison

For some imaging applications, the extent to which a camera can communicate with its environment can be an important aspect in the camera decision process. The table below provides an overview of the connectivity of the Canon EOS-1D C and Leica S1 Pro and, in particular, the interfaces the cameras (and selected comparators) provide for accessory control and data transfer.

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Input-Output Connections
    Camera
Model
Hotshoe
Port
Internal
Microphone
Internal
Speaker
Microphone
Port
Headphone
Port
HDMI
Port
USB
Port
WiFi
Support
NFC
Support
Bluetooth
Support
1.
 
Canon 1D CYmonomonoYYmini2.0---
2.
 
Leica S1----------
3.
 
Canon 1D X Mark IIIYmonomonoYYmini3.1Y-Y
4.
 
Canon 1D X Mark IIYmonomonoYYmini3.0---
5.
 
Canon 5D Mark IIIYmonomonoYYmini2.0---
6.
 
Canon 6DYmonomonoY-mini2.0Y--
7.
 
Canon 1D XYmono-Y-mini2.0---
8.
 
Canon 5D Mark IIYmonomonoY-mini2.0---
9.
 
Canon 1Ds Mark IIIYmono----2.0---
10.
 
Canon 1Ds Mark IIY-----2.0---
11.
 
Canon 1DsY-----FW---
12.
 
Leica CLYstereomono----Y--
13.
 
Leica TL2Ystereomono--micro3.0Y--
14.
 
Leica Q Typ 116Ystereomono--micro2.0YY-
15.
 
Leica S2Y----mini2.0---
16.
 
Nikon D4YmonomonoYYmicro2.0---
17.
 
Sony A6400YstereomonoY-micro2.0YYY

It is notable that the 1DC has a hotshoe, while the S1 does not. This socket makes it possible to easily attach optional accessories, such as an external flash gun.

Studio photographers will appreciate that the Canon 1D C (unlike the S1) features a PC Sync socket, so that professional strobe lights can be controlled by the camera.

Both the 1DC and the S1 have been discontinued, but can regularly be found used on eBay. The S1 was replaced by the Leica S2, while the 1DC does not have a direct successor. Further information on the two cameras (e.g. user guides, manuals), as well as related accessories, can be found on the official Canon and Leica websites.

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Review summary

So what conclusions can be drawn? Is the Canon 1D C better than the Leica S1 or vice versa? The listing below highlights the relative strengths of the two models.

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Arguments in favor of the Canon EOS-1D C:

  • Better moiré control: Has an anti-alias filter to avoid artificial patterns to appear in images.
  • Broader imaging potential: Can record not only still images but also 4K/24p movies.
  • Easier setting verification: Features an LCD display on top to control shooting parameters.
  • Rear screen: Has a backside LCD (3.2") for image review and settings control.
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (14 vs 0.01 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • More compact: Is smaller (158x164mm vs 339x214mm) and thus needs less room in the bag.
  • Less heavy: Is lighter (by 955g or 38 percent) and hence easier to carry around.
  • More portrait friendly: Features an integrated vertical grip for easier portrait shooting.
  • Better sealing: Is weather sealed to enable shooting in dusty or wet environments.
  • Better lighting: Features a hotshoe and can thus hold and trigger an external flash gun.
  • Better studio light control: Has a PC Sync socket to connect to professional strobe lights.
  • More affordable: Was introduced into a lower priced category (30 percent cheaper at launch).
  • More modern: Reflects 15 years and 7 months of technical progress since the S1 launch.

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Advantages of the Leica S1 Pro:

  • More detail: Has more megapixels (26.4 vs 17.9MP), which boosts linear resolution by 17%.
  • Maximized detail: Lacks an anti-alias filter to exploit the sensor's full resolution potential.
  • More legacy lens friendly: Can use many non-native lenses via adapters.
  • More prestigious: Has the Leica luxury appeal, which ensures a high resale value.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been around for much longer (launched in August 1996).

If the count of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a measure, the 1DC is the clear winner of the match-up (13 : 5 points). However, the pertinence of the various camera strengths will differ across photographers, so that you might want to weigh individual camera traits according to their importance for your own imaging needs before making a camera decision. A professional wildlife photographer will view the differences between cameras in a way that diverges from the perspective of a family photog, and a person interested in architecture has distinct needs from a sports shooter. Hence, the decision which camera is best and worth buying is often a very personal one.

1DC 13:05 S1

How about other alternatives? Do the specifications of the Canon 1D C and the Leica S1 place the cameras among the top in their class? Find out in the latest Best DSLR Camera and Best Mirrorless Interchangeable Lens Camera listings whether the two cameras rank among the cream of the crop.

In any case, while the specs-based evaluation of cameras can be instructive in revealing their potential as photographic tools, it remains partial and cannot reveal, for example, the shooting experience and imaging performance when actually working with the 1DC or the S1. User reviews that are available, for instance, at amazon can sometimes shed light on these issues, but such feedback is all too often partial, inconsistent, and inaccurate.

Expert reviews

This is why expert reviews are important. The following table reports the overall ratings of the cameras as published by some of the major camera review sites (amateurphotographer [AP], cameralabs [CL], dpreview [DPR], ephotozine [EPZ], photographyblog [PB]). As can be seen, the professional reviewers agree in many cases on the quality of different cameras, but sometimes their assessments diverge, reinforcing the earlier point that a camera decision is often a very personal choice.

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Expert Camera Reviews
     Camera 
 Model 
 AP 
 score 
 CL 
 score 
 DPR 
 score 
 EPZ 
 score 
 PB 
 score 
Camera
Launch
Launch
Price (USD)
Street
Price
1.
 
Canon 1D C.......... Apr 2012 14,999 i
2.
 
Leica S1.......... Aug 1996 21,490 i
3.
 
Canon 1D X Mark III..+ +..4.5/54/5 Jan 2020 6,499 i
4.
 
Canon 1D X Mark II....89/1004.5/54.5/5 Feb 2016 5,999 i
5.
 
Canon 5D Mark III..+ +82/1004.5/54.5/5 Mar 2012 3,499 i
6.
 
Canon 6D5/5+ +83/1004.5/54.5/5 Sep 2012 2,099 i
7.
 
Canon 1D X5/5....4.5/54.5/5 Oct 2011 6,799 i
8.
 
Canon 5D Mark II4/591/10079/1004/5.. Sep 2008 3,499 i
9.
 
Canon 1Ds Mark III....+ +4.5/5.. Aug 2007 7,999 i
10.
 
Canon 1Ds Mark II....+ +.... Sep 2004 7,999 i
11.
 
Canon 1Ds....+ +.... Sep 2002 8,999 i
12.
 
Leica CL........4/5 Nov 2017 2,795 i
13.
 
Leica TL23.5/5....4/54/5 Jul 2017 1,950 i
14.
 
Leica Q Typ 1165/5..80/1004.5/54.5/5 Jun 2015 4,249 i
15.
 
Leica S2.......... Sep 2008 22,995 i
16.
 
Nikon D4......4.5/54.5/5 Jan 2012 5,999 i
17.
 
Sony A64004/5+85/1004.5/54/5 Jan 2019 899 i
Notes: (+ +) highly recommended; (+) recommended; (o) reviewed; (..) not available.

Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The ratings were established in reference to similarly priced cameras that were available in the market at the time of the review. Hence, a score should always be seen in the context of the camera's market launch date and its price, and comparisons of ratings among very different cameras or across long time periods have little meaning. Also, please note that some of the review sites have changed their methodology and reporting over time.

Canon 1D C:
Check Ebay offers
Leica S1:
Check Ebay offers

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you are interested in seeing how other cameras pair up, just make a corresponding selection in the search boxes below. There is also a set of direct links to comparison reviews that other users of the CAM-parator app explored.

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    Specifications: Canon 1D C vs Leica S1

    Below is a side-by-side comparison of the specs of the two cameras to facilitate a quick review of their differences and common features.

    Camera Specifications
    Camera Model Canon 1D C Leica S1
    Camera Type Digital single lens reflex Mirrorless system camera
    Camera Lens Canon EF mount lenses Leica R mount lenses
    Launch Date April 2012 August 1996
    Launch Price USD 14,999 USD 21,490
    Sensor Specs Canon 1D C Leica S1
    Sensor Technology CMOS CCD
    Sensor Format Full Frame Sensor Medium Format Sensor
    Sensor Size 36.0 x 24.0 mm 36.0 x 36.0 mm
    Sensor Area 864 mm2 1296 mm2
    Sensor Diagonal 43.3 mm 50.9 mm
    Crop Factor 1.0x 0.85x
    Sensor Resolution 17.9 Megapixels 26.4 Megapixels
    Image Resolution 5184 x 3456 pixels 5140 x 5140 pixels
    Pixel Pitch 6.95 μm 7.01 μm
    Pixel Density 2.07 MP/cm2 2.04 MP/cm2
    Moiré control Anti-Alias filter no AA filter
    Movie Capability 4K/24p Video no Video
    ISO Setting 100 - 51,200 ISO 50 - 1,600 ISO
    ISO Boost 50 - 204,800 ISO no Enhancement
    Screen Specs Canon 1D C Leica S1
    Viewfinder Type Optical viewfinder Optical viewfinder
    Viewfinder Field of View 100% 100%
    Viewfinder Magnification 0.76x
    Top-Level Screen Control Panel no Top Display
    LCD Framing Live View
    Rear LCD Size 3.2inch
    LCD Resolution 1040k dots
    LCD Attachment Fixed screen
    Shooting Specs Canon 1D C Leica S1
    Focus System Phase-detect AF Manual Focus
    Continuous Shooting 14 shutter flaps/s 0.01 shutter flaps/s
    Fill Flash no On-Board Flash no On-Board Flash
    Storage Medium CF cards external
    Second Storage Option Dual card slots Single SSD
    Connectivity Specs Canon 1D C Leica S1
    External Flash Hotshoe no Hotshoe
    Studio Flash PC Sync socket no PC Sync
    USB Connector USB 2.0 no USB
    HDMI Port mini HDMI no HDMI
    Microphone Port External MIC port no MIC socket
    Headphone Socket Headphone port no Headphone port
    Wifi Support no Wifi no Wifi
    Body Specs Canon 1D C Leica S1
    Environmental SealingWeathersealed bodynot weather sealed
    Battery Type LP-E4N external
    Body Dimensions 158 x 164 x 83 mm
    (6.2 x 6.5 x 3.3 in)
    339 x 214 x 119 mm
    (13.3 x 8.4 x 4.7 in)
    Camera Weight 1545 g (54.5 oz) 2500 g (88.2 oz)

    Did you notice an error on this page? If so, please get in touch, so that we can correct the information.

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