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Canon 1300D versus Nikon D40

The Canon EOS 1300D (called Canon T6 in some regions) and the Nikon D40 are two digital cameras that were announced, respectively, in March 2016 and November 2006. Both are DSLR (Digital Single Lens Reflex) cameras that are equipped with an APS-C sensor. The Canon has a resolution of 17.9 megapixel, whereas the Nikon provides 6 MP. Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their size, their sensors, their features, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison: Canon 1300D vs Nikon D40

The physical size and weight of the Canon 1300D and the Nikon D40 are illustrated in the side-by-side display below. Three successive views from the front, the top, and the rear are shown. All width, height and depth measures are rounded to the nearest millimeter. You can also toggle the display to switch to a percentage comparison if you prefer that the measures are being expressed in relative terms (in this case, the camera on the left – the 1300D – represents 100 percent across all the size and weight measures).

Snapsort Canon 1300D vs Nikon D40
Compare 1300D versus D40 top
Compare 1300D and D40 rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Nikon D40 is notably smaller (11 percent) than the Canon 1300D. However, the D40 is markedly heavier (8 percent) than the 1300D. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the 1300D nor the D40 are weather-sealed.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete since they do not consider the interchangeable lenses that both of these cameras require. Yet, since both cameras are based around an APS-C sensor, their respective lenses will tend to have similar dimensions and heft. You can find an overview of optics for the two cameras in the Canon EF Lens Catalog (1300D) and the Nikon Lens Catalog (D40).

Concerning battery life, the 1300D gets 500 shots out of its LP-E10 battery, while the D40 can take 470 images on a single charge of its EN-EL9 power pack.

The table below summarizes the key physical specs of the two cameras alongside a broader set of comparators. If you want to switch the focus of the display and review another camera pair, just select a new right or left comparator from among the camera models in the table. Alternatively, you can also move across to the CAM-parator tool and choose from the broad selection of possible camera comparisons there.

Camera Body Specifications
  Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
(CIPA)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Used
Price
(USD)
Canon 1300D» 129 mm 101 mm 78 mm 485 g 500 n Mar 2016 449- i
Nikon D40« 124 mm 94 mm 64 mm 522 g 470 n Nov 2006 499- i
Canon 2000D« » 129 mm 101 mm 78 mm 475 g 500 n Feb 2018 449 i i
Canon 4000D« » 129 mm 102 mm 77 mm 436 g 500 n Feb 2018 399 i i
Canon G9 X Mark II« » 98 mm 58 mm 31 mm 206 g 235 n Jan 2017 529 i i
Canon 200D« » 122 mm 93 mm 70 mm 453 g 650 n Jun 2017 549 i i
Canon 77D« » 131 mm 100 mm 76 mm 540 g 600 n Feb 2017 899 i i
Canon G9 X« » 98 mm 58 mm 31 mm 209 g 220 n Oct 2015 529- i
Canon M10« » 108 mm 67 mm 35 mm 301 g 255 n Oct 2015 499- i
Canon 1200D« » 130 mm 100 mm 78 mm 480 g 500 n Feb 2014 449- i
Canon 100D« » 117 mm 91 mm 69 mm 407 g 380 n Mar 2013 549- i
Canon 700D« » 133 mm 100 mm 79 mm 580 g 440 n Mar 2013 649- i
Nikon D3100« » 124 mm 96 mm 75 mm 505 g 550 n Aug 2010 599- i
Nikon D3000« » 126 mm 97 mm 64 mm 536 g 500 n Jul 2009 599- i
Nikon D40X« » 124 mm 94 mm 64 mm 522 g 520 n Mar 2007 729- i
Nikon D50« » 133 mm 102 mm 76 mm 620 g 400 n Apr 2005 749- i
Nikon D70s« » 140 mm 111 mm 78 mm 679 g 500 n Apr 2005 899- i

The price is, of course, an important factor in any camera decision. The listed launch prices provide an indication of the market segment that the manufacturer of the cameras have been targeting. The 1300D was somewhat cheaper (by 10 percent) than the D40 at launch, but both cameras fall into the same price category. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down. Then, after the new model is out, very good deals can frequently be found on the pre-owned market.

 

Sensor comparison: Canon 1300D vs Nikon D40

The size of the sensor inside a digital camera is one of the key determinants of image quality. A large sensor will generally have larger individual pixels that offer better low-light sensitivity, provide wider dynamic range, and have richer color depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Moreover, a large sensor camera will give the photographer more control over depth-of-field in the image and, thus, the ability to better isolate a subject from the background. On the downside, larger sensors tend to be associated with larger, more expensive camera bodies and lenses.

Both cameras under consideration feature an APS-C sensor, but their sensors differ slightly in size. The sensor area in the D40 is 11 percent bigger. As a result of these sensor size differences, the cameras have format factors, respectively, of 1.6 (1300D) and 1.5. Both cameras have a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 3:2.

Canon 1300D and Nikon D40 sensor measures

Despite having a smaller sensor, the Canon 1300D offers a higher resolution of 17.9 megapixel, compared with 6 MP of the Nikon D40. This megapixel advantage comes at the cost of a higher pixel density and a smaller size of the individual pixel (with a pixel pitch of 4.31μm versus 7.85μm for the D40). However, it should be noted that the 1300D is much more recent (by 9 years and 3 months) than the D40, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that make it possible to gather light more efficiently.

1300D versus D40 MP

For most cameras, data on sensor performance has been reported by DXO Mark. This service is based on lab testing and assigns an overall score to each camera sensor, as well as ratings for dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), color depth ("DXO Portrait"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"). The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.

Sensor Characteristics
  Camera Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
Canon 1300D» APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p----
Nikon D40« APS-C 6.0 3008 2000-21.011.056156
Canon 2000D« » APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p22.611.9100971
Canon 4000D« » APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.911.469563
Canon G9 X Mark II« » 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p21.912.552265
Canon 200D« » APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.613.4104179
Canon 77D« » APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p23.613.397178
Canon G9 X« » 1-inch 20.0 5472 36481080/60p21.512.349563
Canon M10« » APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p22.211.475365
Canon 1200D« » APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.911.372463
Canon 100D« » APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.811.384363
Canon 700D« » APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.711.268161
Nikon D3100« » APS-C 14.2 4608 30721080/24p22.511.391967
Nikon D3000« » APS-C 10.0 3872 2592-22.311.156362
Nikon D40X« » APS-C 10.0 3872 2592-22.411.451663
Nikon D50« » APS-C 6.0 3008 2000-20.910.856055
Nikon D70s« » APS-C 6.0 3008 2000-20.410.352950

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but can also record movies. The 1300D indeed provides movie recording capabilities, while the D40 does not. The highest resolution format that the 1300D can use is 1080/30p.

 

Feature comparison: Canon 1300D vs Nikon D40

Beyond body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. The 1300D and the D40 are similar in the sense that both have an optical viewfinder. The latter is useful for getting a clear image for framing even in brightly lit environments. The table below summarizes some of the other core capabilities of the Canon 1300D and Nikon D40 in connection with corresponding information for a sample of similar cameras. The full specs-sheets can be found in the camera manual or, for example, in the dpreview camera hub.

Core Features
  Camera Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
('000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Shutter
speed
(1/sec)
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Build-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Build-in
Image
Stab
Canon 1300D»optical n 3.0 920 fixed n 4000 3.0 Y n
Nikon D40«optical n 2.5 230 fixed n 4000 2.5 Y n
Canon 2000D« »optical n 3.0 920 fixed n 4000 3.0 Y n
Canon 4000D« »optical n 2.7 230 fixed n 4000 3.0 Y n
Canon G9 X Mark II« »- n 3.0 1040 fixed Y 2000 8.2 Y Y
Canon 200D« »optical n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 4000 5.0 Y n
Canon 77D« »optical Y 3.0 1040 swivel Y 4000 6.0 Y n
Canon G9 X« »- n 3.0 1040 fixed Y 2000 6.0 Y Y
Canon M10« »- n 3.0 1040 tilting Y 4000 4.6 Y n
Canon 1200D« »optical n 3.0 460 fixed n 4000 3.0 Y n
Canon 100D« »optical n 3.0 1040 fixed Y 4000 4.9 Y n
Canon 700D« »optical n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 4000 5.0 Y n
Nikon D3100« »optical n 3.0 230 fixed n 4000 3.0 Y n
Nikon D3000« »optical n 3.0 230 fixed n 4000 3.0 Y n
Nikon D40X« »optical n 2.5 230 fixed n 4000 3.0 Y n
Nikon D50« »optical n 2.0 130 fixed n 4000 2.5 Y n
Nikon D70s« »optical n 2.0 130 fixed n 8000 3.0 Y n

Both the 1300D and the D40 have been discontinued, but can regularly be found used on eBay. The D40 was replaced by the Nikon D40X, while the 1300D was followed by the Canon 2000D.

Review summary: Canon 1300D vs Nikon D40

So what conclusions can be drawn? Is the Canon 1300D better than the Nikon D40 or vice versa? A synthesis of the relative strong points of each of the models is listed below.

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Advantages of the Canon EOS 1300D:

  • More detail: Offers more megapixels (17.9 vs 6MP) with a 72% higher linear resolution.
  • Broader imaging potential: Can record not only still images but also 1080/30p movies.
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (3.0" vs 2.5") for image review and settings control.
  • More detailed LCD: Has a higher resolution rear screen (920k vs 230k dots).
  • Faster burst: Shoots at higher frequency (3 vs 2.5 flaps/sec) to capture the decisive moment.
  • More modern: Reflects 9 years and 3 months of technical progress since the D40 launch.

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Arguments in favor of the Nikon D40:

  • More compact: Is smaller (124x94mm vs 129x101mm) and will fit more readily into a bag.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been around for much longer (launched in November 2006).

If the count of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a measure, the 1300D is the clear winner of the match-up (6 : 2 points). However, the relative importance of the various individual camera aspects will vary according to personal preferences and needs, so that you might like to apply corresponding weights to the particular features before making a decision on a new camera.

1300D 06:02 D40

In any case, while the comparison of the spec-sheets of cameras can offer a general idea of their imaging potential, it remains incomplete and does no justice, for example, to the way the 1300D or the D40 handle or perform in practice. At times, user reviews, such as those published at amazon, address these issues in a useful manner, but such feedback is on many occasions incomplete, inconsistent, and unreliable. This is why expert reviews are important. The adjacent table relays the overall verdicts of several of the most popular camera review sites (cameralabs, dpreview, ephotozine, imaging-resource, photographyblog). The detailed reviews can be accessed by clicking on the site logo in the table header.

Review scores
  Camera cameralabs dpreview ephotozine imaging-resource photographyblog Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Used
Price
(USD)
Canon 1300D»rev73/1004/53.5/54/5 Mar 2016 449- i
Nikon D40«81/100HiRecrev5/54.5/5 Nov 2006 499- i
Canon 2000D« »rev-3.5/5-3.5/5 Feb 2018 449 i i
Canon 4000D« »rev---3.5/5 Feb 2018 399 i i
Canon G9 X Mark II« »-75/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Jan 2017 529 i i
Canon 200D« »HiRec78/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Jun 2017 549 i i
Canon 77D« »-82/1004.5/54.5/54/5 Feb 2017 899 i i
Canon G9 X« »HiRec-4.5/54/54.5/5 Oct 2015 529- i
Canon M10« »---rev4/5 Oct 2015 499- i
Canon 1200D« »Rec-4/54/54.5/5 Feb 2014 449- i
Canon 100D« »Rec78/1004/54/54/5 Mar 2013 549- i
Canon 700D« »-76/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Mar 2013 649- i
Nikon D3100« »HiRec72/1004.5/55/54.5/5 Aug 2010 599- i
Nikon D3000« »Rec72/1004/53.5/54.5/5 Jul 2009 599- i
Nikon D40X« »79/100HiRec4/5rev4/5 Mar 2007 729- i
Nikon D50« »78/100HiRec4/5rev4.5/5 Apr 2005 749- i
Nikon D70s« »---rev5/5 Apr 2005 899- i

The above review scores should be interpreted with care, though. The assessments were made in relation to similar cameras of the same technological generation. A score, therefore, has to be seen in close connection to the price and market introduction time of the camera, and comparing ratings of very distinct cameras or ones that are far apart in terms of their release date have little meaning. Also, please note that some of the review sites have changed their methodology and reporting over time.

 

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you would like to check on the differences and similarities of other camera models, just make your choice using the following search menu. Alternatively, you can follow any of the listed hyperlinks for comparisons that others found interesting. If you cannot find the camera you are interested in, kindly get in touch, and I will try to locate and add the respective data to the application.

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