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Canon 1100D versus Canon 400D

The Canon EOS 1100D (called Canon T3 in some regions) and the Canon EOS 400D (labelled Canon XTi in some countries) are two digital cameras that were announced, respectively, in February 2011 and August 2006. Both are DSLR (Digital Single Lens Reflex) cameras that are equipped with an APS-C sensor. The 1100D has a resolution of 12.2 megapixel, whereas the 400D provides 10.1 MP. Read on to find out how these two cameras compare with respect to their size, their sensors, their features, and their reception by expert reviewers.

Body comparison: Canon 1100D vs Canon 400D

The side-by-side display below illustrates the physical size and weight of the Canon 1100D and the Canon 400D. Three consecutive views from the front, the top, and the rear side are shown. All width, height and depth dimensions are rounded to the nearest millimeter. If you prefer, you can also use the toggle button to switch to a comparison in percentage terms (in this case, the camera on the left side – the 1100D – represents the basis for the calculations across all the size and weight measures).

Snapsort Canon 1100D vs Canon 400D
Compare 1100D versus 400D top
Compare 1100D and 400D rear

If the front view area (width x height) of the cameras is taken as an aggregate measure of their size, the Canon 400D is notably smaller (18 percent) than the Canon 1100D. However, the 400D is markedly heavier (12 percent) than the 1100D. In this context, it is worth noting that neither the 1100D nor the 400D are weather-sealed.

The above size and weight comparisons are to some extent incomplete since they do not consider the interchangeable lenses that both of these cameras require. In this particular case, both cameras feature the same lens mount, so that they can use the same lenses. You can find an overview of suitable optics in the Canon EF Lens Catalog.

Concerning battery life, the 1100D gets 700 shots out of its LP-E10 battery, while the 400D can take 370 images on a single charge of its NB-2LH power pack.

The table below summarizes the key physical specs of the two cameras alongside a broader set of comparators. If you want to switch the focus of the display and review another camera pair, just select a new right or left comparator from among the camera models in the table. Alternatively, you can also move across to the CAM-parator tool and choose from the broad selection of possible camera comparisons there.

Camera Body Specifications
  Camera
Model
Camera
Width
Camera
Height
Camera
Depth
Camera
Weight
Battery
Life
(CIPA)
Weather
Sealing
(yes/no)
Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Used
Price
(USD)
Canon 1100D» 5.1 in 3.9 in 3.1 in 17.5 oz 700 n Feb 2011 449- i
Canon 400D« 5.0 in 3.3 in 2.6 in 19.6 oz 370 n Aug 2006 799- i
Canon 2000D« » 5.1 in 4.0 in 3.1 in 16.8 oz 500 n Feb 2018 449 i i
Canon 750D« » 5.2 in 4.0 in 3.1 in 19.6 oz 440 n Feb 2015 749- i
Canon 760D« » 5.2 in 4.0 in 3.1 in 19.9 oz 440 n Feb 2015 849- i
Canon 1200D« » 5.1 in 3.9 in 3.1 in 16.9 oz 500 n Feb 2014 449- i
Canon G1 X« » 4.6 in 3.2 in 2.6 in 18.8 oz 250 n Jan 2012 799- i
Canon 650D« » 5.2 in 3.9 in 3.1 in 20.3 oz 440 n Jun 2012 849- i
Canon SX50« » 4.8 in 3.4 in 4.2 in 21.0 oz 315 n Sep 2012 429- i
Canon 600D« » 5.2 in 3.9 in 3.1 in 20.1 oz 440 n Feb 2011 599- i
Canon 550D« » 5.1 in 3.9 in 2.4 in 18.7 oz 440 n Feb 2010 699- i
Canon 1000D« » 5.0 in 3.9 in 2.6 in 17.7 oz 500 n Jun 2008 449- i
Canon 450D« » 5.1 in 3.9 in 2.4 in 18.5 oz 500 n Jan 2008 799- i
Canon 40D« » 5.7 in 4.3 in 2.9 in 29.0 oz 750 n Aug 2007 1,299- i
Canon 350D« » 5.0 in 3.7 in 2.5 in 19.0 oz 400 n Feb 2005 899- i

The price is, of course, an important factor in any camera decision. The listed launch prices provide an indication of the market segment that the manufacturer of the cameras have been targeting. The 1100D was launched at a markedly lower price (by 44 percent) than the 400D, which puts it into a different market segment. Usually, retail prices stay at first close to the launch price, but after several months, discounts become available. Later in the product cycle and, in particular, when the replacement model is about to appear, further discounting and stock clearance sales often push the camera price considerably down. Then, after the new model is out, very good deals can frequently be found on the pre-owned market.

 

Sensor comparison: Canon 1100D vs Canon 400D

The size of the sensor inside a digital camera is one of the key determinants of image quality. A large sensor will generally have larger individual pixels that offer better low-light sensitivity, provide wider dynamic range, and have richer color depth than smaller pixels in a sensor of the same technological generation. Further, a large sensor camera will give the photographer additional creative options when using shallow depth-of-field to isolate a subject from its background. On the downside, larger sensors are more costly to manufacture and tend to lead to bigger and heavier cameras and lenses.

Both cameras under consideration feature an APS-C sensor, but their sensors differ slightly in size. The sensor area in the 400D is 2 percent bigger. They nevertheless have the same format factor of 1.6. Both cameras have a native aspect ratio (sensor width to sensor height) of 3:2.

Canon 1100D and Canon 400D sensor measures

Despite having a slightly smaller sensor, the Canon 1100D offers a higher resolution of 12.2 megapixel, compared with 10.1 MP of the Canon 400D. This megapixel advantage comes at the cost of a higher pixel density and a smaller size of the individual pixel (with a pixel pitch of 5.15μm versus 5.71μm for the 400D). However, it should be noted that the 1100D is much more recent (by 4 years and 5 months) than the 400D, and its sensor will have benefitted from technological advances during this time that make it possible to gather light more efficiently.

1100D versus 400D MP

For many cameras, data on sensor performance has been reported by DXO Mark. This service is based on lab testing and assigns an overall score to each camera sensor, as well as ratings for dynamic range ("DXO Landscape"), color depth ("DXO Portrait"), and low-light sensitivity ("DXO Sports"). The Overall DXO ratings for the two cameras under consideration are close, suggesting that they provide similar image quality. The following table provides an overview of the physical sensor characteristics, as well as the sensor quality measurements for a selection of comparators.

Sensor Characteristics
  Camera Sensor
Class
Resolution
(MP)
Horiz.
Pixels
Vert.
Pixels
Video
Format
DXO
Portrait
DXO
Landscape
DXO
Sports
DXO
Overall
Canon 1100D» APS-C 12.2 4272 2848720/30p21.911.075562
Canon 400D« APS-C 10.1 3888 2592-22.111.066462
Canon 2000D« » APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p22.611.9100971
Canon 750D« » APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/60p22.712.091971
Canon 760D« » APS-C 24.0 6000 40001080/30p22.612.091570
Canon 1200D« » APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.911.372463
Canon G1 X« » 1.5-inch 14.2 4352 32641080/24p21.710.864460
Canon 650D« » APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p21.711.272262
Canon SX50« » 1/2.3 12.0 4000 30001080/24p20.311.217947
Canon 600D« » APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p22.111.579365
Canon 550D« » APS-C 17.9 5184 34561080/30p22.111.578466
Canon 1000D« » APS-C 10.1 3888 2592-----
Canon 450D« » APS-C 12.2 4272 2848-21.910.869261
Canon 40D« » APS-C 10.1 3888 2592-22.111.370364
Canon 350D« » APS-C 8.0 3456 2304-21.810.863760

Many modern cameras are not only capable of taking still images, but also of capturing video footage. The 1100D indeed provides movie recording capabilities, while the 400D does not. The highest resolution format that the 1100D can use is 720/30p.

 

Feature comparison: Canon 1100D vs Canon 400D

Apart from body and sensor, cameras can and do differ across a range of features. The 1100D and the 400D are similar in the sense that both have an optical viewfinder. The latter is useful for getting a clear image for framing even in brightly lit environments. The adjacent table lists some of the other core features of the Canon 1100D and Canon 400D along with similar information for a selection of comparators. The full specs-sheets can be found in the camera manual or, for example, in the dpreview camera hub.

Core Features
  Camera Viewfinder
(Type or
'000 dots)
Control
Panel
(yes/no)
LCD
Size
(inch)
LCD
Resolution
('000 dots)
LCD
Attach-
ment
Touch
Screen
(yes/no)
Shutter
speed
(1/sec)
Shutter
flaps
(1/sec))
Build-in
Flash
(yes/no)
Build-in
Image
Stab
Canon 1100D»optical n 2.7 230 fixed n 4000 3.0 Y n
Canon 400D«optical n 2.5 230 fixed n 4000 3.0 Y n
Canon 2000D« »optical n 3.0 920 fixed n 4000 3.0 Y n
Canon 750D« »optical n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 4000 5.0 Y n
Canon 760D« »optical Y 3.0 1040 swivel Y 4000 5.0 Y n
Canon 1200D« »optical n 3.0 460 fixed n 4000 3.0 Y n
Canon G1 X« »optical n 3.0 922 Swivel n 4000 1.9 Y Y
Canon 650D« »optical n 3.0 1040 swivel Y 4000 5.0 Y n
Canon SX50« »202 n 3.0 461 swivel n 2000 2.2 Y Y
Canon 600D« »optical n 3.0 1040 swivel n 4000 3.7 Y n
Canon 550D« »optical n 3.0 1040 fixed n 4000 3.7 Y n
Canon 1000D« »optical n 2.5 230 fixed n 4000 3.0 Y n
Canon 450D« »optical n 3.0 230 fixed n 4000 3.5 Y n
Canon 40D« »optical Y 3.0 230 fixed n 8000 6.5 Y n
Canon 350D« »optical n 1.8 115 fixed n 4000 3.0 Y n

Both the 1100D and the 400D have been discontinued, but can regularly be found used on eBay. The 400D was replaced by the Canon 450D, while the 1100D was followed by the Canon 1200D.

Review summary: Canon 1100D vs Canon 400D

So what is the bottom line? Which of the two cameras – the Canon 1100D or the Canon 400D – has the upper hand? The listing below highlights the relative strengths of the two models.


Arguments in favor of the Canon EOS 1100D:

  • More detail: Offers more megapixels (12.2 vs 10.1MP) with a 10% higher linear resolution.
  • Broader imaging potential: Can record not only still images but also 720/30p movies.
  • Larger screen: Has a bigger rear LCD (2.7" vs 2.5") for image review and settings control.
  • Less heavy: Is lighter (by 61g or 11 percent) and hence easier to carry around.
  • Longer lasting: Can take more shots (700 versus 370) on a single battery charge.
  • More affordable: Was introduced into a lower priced category (44 percent cheaper at launch).
  • More modern: Reflects 4 years and 5 months of technical progress since the 400D launch.


Advantages of the Canon EOS 400D:

  • More compact: Is smaller (127x84mm vs 130x100mm) and will fit more readily into a bag.
  • More heavily discounted: Has been around for much longer (launched in August 2006).

If the number of relative strengths (bullet points above) is taken as a guide, the 1100D is the clear winner of the match-up (7 : 2 points). However, the pertinence of the various camera strengths will differ across photographers, so that you might want to weigh individual camera traits according to their importance for your own imaging needs before making a camera decision.

1100D 07:02 400D

In any case, while the specs-based evaluation of cameras is instructive in revealing their potential as photographic tools, it says nothing about, for example, the handling, responsiveness, and overall imaging quality of the 1100D and the 400D in practical situations. User reviews that are available, for instance, at amazon can sometimes shed light on these issues, but such feedback is all too often partial, inconsistent, and inaccurate. This is where reviews by experts come in. The following table reports the overall rankings of the cameras as published by some of the major camera review sites (cameralabs, dpreview, ephotozine, imaging-resource, photographyblog). The detailed reviews can be accessed by clicking on the site logo in the table header.

Review scores
  Camera cameralabs dpreview ephotozine imaging-resource photographyblog Camera
Launch
(announced)
Launch
Price
(USD)
Street
Price
(USD)
Used
Price
(USD)
Canon 1100D»80/10069/1004/54/54.5/5 Feb 2011 449- i
Canon 400D«HiRecHiRecrev4.5/54/5 Aug 2006 799- i
Canon 2000D« »rev-3.5/5-3.5/5 Feb 2018 449 i i
Canon 750D« »-75/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Feb 2015 749- i
Canon 760D« »Rec77/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Feb 2015 849- i
Canon 1200D« »Rec-4/54/54.5/5 Feb 2014 449- i
Canon G1 X« »Rec76/1004/54/54.5/5 Jan 2012 799- i
Canon 650D« »HiRec77/1004.5/54.5/54.5/5 Jun 2012 849- i
Canon SX50« »HiRec72/1004.5/5-4.5/5 Sep 2012 429- i
Canon 600D« »rev77/1004.5/55/54.5/5 Feb 2011 599- i
Canon 550D« »HiRec77/1004/55/54.5/5 Feb 2010 699- i
Canon 1000D« »82/100HiRec3.5/54/54.5/5 Jun 2008 449- i
Canon 450D« »HiRecHiRec4/55/54.5/5 Jan 2008 799- i
Canon 40D« »HiRecHiRec4.5/5rev4.5/5 Aug 2007 1,299- i
Canon 350D« »80/100HiRecrevrev- Feb 2005 899- i

Care should be taken when interpreting the review scores above, though. The assessments were made in relation to similar cameras of the same technological generation. Thus, a score needs to be put into the context of the launch date and the launch price of the camera, and comparisons of ratings among very different cameras or across long time periods have little meaning. Also, kindly note that some of the listed sites have over time developped their review approaches and their reporting style.

 

Other camera comparisons

Did this review help to inform your camera decision process? In case you would like to check on the differences and similarities of other camera models, just make your choice using the following search menu. There is also a set of direct links to comparison reviews that other users of the CAM-parator app explored. If the camera you are interested in is not available, kindly get in touch, and I will try to update the database with the necessary infos.

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